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2: The time cometh, that whosoever killeth you will think
he doth God service - But, blessed be God, the time is so far past,
that those who bear the name of Christ do not now generally
suppose they do him service by killing each other for a difference
in opinion or mode of worship.
3: They have not known the Father nor me - This is the true root
of persecution in all its forms.
4: I did not tell you these things at the beginning, because I
was with you - To bear the chief shock in my own person, and to
screen you from it.
5: None of you asketh me - Now when it is most seasonable.
Peter did ask this before, (Joh 13:36).
7: It is expedient for you - In respect
of the Comforter, (Joh 16:7), &c, and
of me, (Joh 16:16), &c, and
of the Father, (Joh 16:23), &c.
8: He - Observe his twofold office;
toward the world, (Joh 16:8), &c;
toward believers, (Joh 16:12), &c:
will convince - All of the world - Who do not obstinately resist,
by your preaching and miracles, of sin, and of righteousness,
and of judgment - He who is convinced of sin either accepts the
righteousness of Christ, or is judged with Satan. An abundant
accomplishment of this we find in the Acts of the Apostles.
9: Of sin - Particularly of unbelief, which is the confluence of
all sins, and binds them all down upon us.
10: Of righteousness, because I go to my Father - Which the Spirit
will testify, though ye do not then see me. But I could not go
to him if I were not righteous.
11: The prince of this world is judged - And in consequence
thereof dethroned, deprived of the power he had so long usurped
over men. Yet those who reject the deliverance offered them will
remain slaves of Satan still.
12: I have yet many things to say - Concerning my passion, death,
resurrection, and the consequences of it. These things we have,
not in uncertain traditions, but in the Acts, the Epistles, and
the Revelation. But ye cannot bear them now - Both because of
your littleness of faith, and your immoderate sorrow.
13: When he is come - It is universally allowed that the Father,
Son, and Holy Ghost dwell in all believers. And the internal
agency of the Holy Ghost is generally admitted. That of the
Father and the Son, as represented in this Gospel, deserves our
15: All things that the Father hath are mine - Could any creature
16: A little while and ye shall not see me - When I am buried:
and again, a little while, and ye shall see me - When I am risen:
because I go to my Father - I die and rise again, in order to
ascend to my Father.
19: Jesus said to them - Preventing their question.
20: Ye will weep and lament - When ye see me dead;
but your sorrow will be turned into joy - When ye see me risen.
22: Ye now therefore have sorrow - This gives us no manner of
authority to assert all believers must come into a state of
darkness. They never need lose either their peace, or love,
or the witness that they are the children of God. They never
can lose these, but either through sin, or ignorance, or
vehement temptation, or bodily disorder.
23: Ye shall not question me about any thing - Which you do not
now understand. You will not need to inquire of me; for you will
know all things clearly. Whatsoever ye shall ask - Knowledge, love,
or any thing else, he will give it - Our Lord here gives us a charte
blanche. Believer, write down what thou wilt. He had said,(Joh 14:13), I will do it, where the discourse was of
glorifying the Father through the Son. Here, speaking of the
love of the Father to believers, he saith, He will give it.
24: Hitherto ye have asked nothing in my name - For they had asked
him directly for all they wanted.
26: At that day ye shall ask - For true knowledge begets prayer.
And I say not that I will pray - This in nowise implies that he
will not: it means only, The Father himself now loves you, not
only because of my intercession, but also because of the faith
and love which he hath wrought in you.
30: Thou knowest all things - Even our hearts. Although no question
is asked thee, yet thou answerest the thoughts of every one. By
this we believe that thou camest forth from God - They, as it were,
echo back the words which he had spoken in (Joh 16:27),
implying, We believe in God; we believe also in thee.