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In this chapter our Lord prays,
- For himself, (Joh 17:1-5)
- For the apostles, (Joh 17:6-19)
and again, (Joh 17:24-26)
- For all believers, (Joh 17:20-23) And
- For the world, (Joh 17:21-23)
In his prayer he comprises all he had said from (Joh 13:31),
and seals, as it were, all he had hitherto done, beholding things
past, present, and to come. This chapter contains the easiest
words, and the deepest sense of any in all the Scripture: yet is
here no incoherent rhapsody, but the whole is closely and exactly
1: Father - This simplicity of appellation highly became the
only - begotten Son of God; to which a believer then makes the
nearest approach, when he is fullest of love and humble confidence.
The hour is come - The appointed time for it; glorify thy Son - The Son
glorified the Father, both before and after his own glorification.
When he speaks to the Father he does not style himself the Son of man.
2: As thou hast given him power over all flesh - This answers to
glorify thy Son. That he may give eternal life, &c. - This answers
to that thy Son may glorify thee. To all whom thou hast given him
- To all believers. This is a clear proof that Christ designed his
sacrifice should avail for all: yea, that all flesh, every man,
should partake of everlasting life. For as the Father had given
him power over all flesh, so he gave himself a ransom for all.
3: To know - By loving, holy faith, thee the only true God - The only
cause and end of all things; not excluding the Son and the Holy
Ghost, no more than the Father is excluded from being Lord,(1Co 8:6); but the false gods of the heathens;
and Jesus Christ - As their prophet, priest, and king: this is
life eternal - It is both the way to, and the essence of,
4: I have finished the work - Thus have I glorified thee, laying
the foundation of thy kingdom on earth.
5: The glory which I had - He does not say received - He always had
it, till he emptied himself of it in the days of his flesh.
6: I have manifested thy name - All thy attributes; and in particular
thy paternal relation to believers; to the men whom thou hast given me
- The apostles, and so (Joh 17:12).
They were thine - By creation, and by descent from Abraham. And
thou hast given them me - By giving them faith in what I have spoken.
So (Joh 17:9).
7: Now they know that all things - Which I have done and spoken,
are of thee - And consequently right and true.
8: They have received them - By faith.
9: I pray not for the world - Not in these petitions, which are
adapted to the state of believers only. (He prays for the world
at (Joh 17:21,23),
that they may believe - That they may know God hath sent him.)
This no more proves that our Lord did not pray for the world,
both before and afterward, than his praying for the apostles
alone, (Joh 17:6-19), proves that he did not pray for
them also which shall believe through their word,(Joh 17:20).
10: All things that are mine are thine, and that are thine are
mine - These are very high and strong expressions, too grand for
any mere creature to use; as implying that all things whatsoever,
inclusive of the Divine nature, perfections, and operations, are
the common property of the Father and the Son. And this is the
original ground of that peculiar property, which both the Father
and the Son have in the persons who were given to Christ as
Mediator; according to what is said in the close of the verse,
of his being glorified by them; namely, believing in him, and so
acknowledging his glory.
11: Keep them through thy name - Thy power, mercy, wisdom, that
they may be one - with us and with each other; one body, separate
from the world: as we are - By resemblance to us, though not equality.
12: Those whom thou hast given me I have guarded, and none of
them is lost, but the son of perdition - So one even of them whom
God had given him is lost. So far was even that decree from being
unchangeable! That the Scripture might be fulfilled - That is,
whereby the Scripture was fulfilled. The son of perdition
signifies one that deservedly perishes; as
a son of death,(2Sa 12:5);
children of hell,(Mt 23:15), and
children of wrath,(Eph 2:3),
signify persons justly obnoxious to death, hell, wrath.(Ps 109:8).
13: In the world - That is, before I leave the world.
My joy - The joy I feel at going to the Father.
15: That thou wouldest take them out of the world - Not yet: but
that thou wouldest keep them from the evil one - Who reigns therein.
17: Sanctify - Consecrate them by the anointing of thy Spirit to
their office, and perfect them in holiness, by means of thy word.
19: I sanctify myself - I devote myself as a victim, to be sacrificed.
20: For them who will believe - In all ages.
21: As thou art in me - This also is to be understood in a way of
similitude, and not of sameness or equality. That the world may
believe - Here Christ prays for the world. Observe the sum of his
- Receive me into thy own and my glory;
- Let my apostles share therein;
- And all other believers:
- And let all the world believe.
22: The glory which thou hast given me, I have given them - The
glory of the only begotten shines in all the sons of God. How
great is the majesty of Christians.
24: Here he returns to the apostles. I will - He asks, as having a
right to be heard, and prays, not as a servant, but a Son: that
they may behold my glory - Herein Is the happiness of heaven,(1Jo 3:2).
25: Righteous Father - The admission of believers to God through
Christ, flows even from the justice of God.
26: I have declared to them thy name - Thy new, best name of love;
that the love wherewith thou hast loved me - That thou and thy love,
and I and my love, may be in them - That they may love me with