SUMMARY.--The Galileans Slain by Pilate.
Those on Whom the Tower of Siloam Fell.
The Parable of the Barren Fig Tree.
The Suffering Woman Healed in the Synagogue.
Parable of the Mustard Seed and Leaven.
Entering in at the Strait Gate.
The Warning about Herod.
The Woe of Jerusalem.
1. Some . . . which told him of the Galileans, etc. The incident
referred to is not mentioned elsewhere. Tumults at the temple and
bloody interference by the Romans were common. On this occasion, no
doubt, many had been slain in the temple courts, and from what follows
it is evident that those who brought the word thought it a
3. I tell you, Nay. He does not deny that they were sinners, but
that they were greater sinners than others.
Except ye repent. All were so great sinners that only repentance
could save them. It was only a generation until the words of the Lord
were strikingly fulfilled. The impenitent Jewish nation was destroyed
by the Roman sword, as were those Galileans.
4, 5. Those eighteen, on whom the tower of Siloam fell. Nothing
is known of the incident. The lesson is the same as before. These did
not perish because they were greater sinners. All must repent or
perish. Siloam was a suburb of Jerusalem, south of the city.
6-9. Had a fig tree. A common fruit in Palestine. It represents
here the Jewish nation.
Found none. The nation did not glorify God by fruitfulness in
Three years. The period of Christ's ministry among the Jews.
Cut it down. As worthless.
Let it alone this year also. The last year of opportunity was
then being given. After that year and the final rejection of Christ the
doom of the nation was sealed. 
10-17. Behold, a woman who had a spirit of infirmity. This case
of healing in the synagogue on the Sabbath is only given by Luke. We do
not know when or where it occurred. In
Matt. 12:10-13 and Mark 3:1-5,
is recorded a similar case. The disease of the woman was probably
The ruler of the synagogue. The president of the body of
Moved with indignation. Because he thought Jesus had broken the
Sabbath. The Mosaic law did not forbid healing on the Sabbath, but the
"Tradition of the Elders" did.
There are six days. He argues that the woman could have been
healed on a week day.
Thou hypocrite. Because he would help his ox or ass out of
trouble on the Sabbath, but would not so help a human being.
Whom Satan hath bound. All disease is the offspring of sin,
but from Satan came sin.
18-21. For notes on the parables of the Mustard Seed and
22. He went on his way through the cities. It is supposed, east
of the Jordan, in Perea. 
23. Are there few that be saved? The same question is often
asked now. Christ never answers it, but bids the questioner to look
out for his own salvation.
24. Strive to enter in by the narrow door. The language implies
that effort, earnest, agonizing is necessary. The word "strive" in the
is the one from whence our word agonize comes.
The narrow door. The door of the kingdom is so narrow that we
cannot take our sins, our lusts, our worldliness and worldly pleasures
in with us.
25. Hath shut the door. Even that narrow door shall be shut.
The time of opportunity will pass by. Even here on earth, the heart
hardens so that it will be impossible to stir it to repentance.
26, 27. We did eat and drink in thy presence. Compare with
31. There came certain of the Pharisees. Their object was to
frighten Jesus away, and hence they asserted that Herod, Herod Antipas,
would kill him. He was the tetrarch of Galilee and ruler of the country
beyond the Jordan, who slew John the Baptist. See notes on
32, 33. Tell that fox. Herod's most marked characteristic was
unscrupulous cunning. The Lord 
uses the term to indicate that he understood the scheme. It was an
artifice of Herod and the Pharisees to get him away. Herod was afraid
to kill him on account of his popularity.
I perform cures to-day. The meaning is, "I will attend to my
present work here, which is only for a little season,"
and the third day, in a short time.
I shall be perfected. By the suffering at Jerusalem. See
In other words, he will go freely about his work, but will soon be put
to death, but not by Herod, who had no jurisdiction at Jerusalem. In
that city he would die, for It cannot be that a prophet should
perish out of Jerusalem.
34, 35. O Jerusalem. See notes on
These words were probably uttered twice.