1: So I returned, and considered all the oppressions that are done under the sun: and behold the tears of [such as were] oppressed, and they had no comforter; and on the side of their oppressors [there was] power; but they had no comforter. 2: Wherefore I praised the dead who are already dead more than the living who are yet alive. 3: Yes, better is [he] than both they, who hath not yet been, who hath not seen the evil work that is done under the sun. 4: Again, I considered all labor, and every right work, that for this a man is envied by his neighbor. This [is] also vanity and vexation of spirit. 5: The fool foldeth his hands together, and eateth his own flesh. 6: Better [is] a handful [with] quietness, than both the hands full [with] toil and vexation of spirit. 7: Then I returned, and I saw vanity under the sun. 8: There is one [alone], and [there is] not a second; yes, he hath neither child nor brother: yet [is there] no end of all his labor; neither is his eye satisfied with riches; neither [saith he], For whom do I labor, and bereave my soul of good? This [is] also vanity, yes, it [is] a grievous labor. 9: Two [are] better than one; because they have a good reward for their labor. 10: For if they fall, the one will lift up his fellow: but woe to him [that is] alone when he falleth; for [he hath] not another to help him to rise. 11: Again, if two lie together, then they have heat: but how can one be warm [alone]? 12: And if one prevaileth against him, two shall withstand him; and a three-fold cord is not quickly broken. 13: Better [is] a poor and a wise child, than an old and foolish king, who will no more be admonished. 14: For out of prison he cometh to reign; whereas also [he that is] born in his kingdom becometh poor. 15: I considered all the living who walk under the sun, with the second child that shall stand up in his stead. 16: [There is] no end of all the people, [even] of all that have been before them: they also that come after shall not rejoice in him. Surely this also [is] vanity and vexation of spirit.