1: Then I returned and saw all the oppressions that are done under the sun: and, behold, the tears of such as were oppressed, and they had no comforter; and on the side of their oppressors there was power; but they had no comforter. 2: Wherefore I praised the dead that have been long dead more than the living that are yet alive; 3: yea, better than them both [did I esteem] him that hath not yet been, who hath not seen the evil work that is done under the sun. 4: Then I saw all labor and every skilful work, that for this a man is envied of his neighbor. This also is vanity and a striving after wind. 5: The fool foldeth his hands together, and eateth his own flesh. 6: Better is a handful, with quietness, than two handfuls with labor and striving after wind. 7: Then I returned and saw vanity under the sun. 8: There is one that is alone, and he hath not a second; yea, he hath neither son nor brother; yet is there no end of all his labor, neither are his eyes satisfied with riches. For whom then, [saith he], do I labor, and deprive my soul of good? This also is vanity, yea, it is a sore travail. 9: Two are better than one, because they have a good reward for their labor. 10: For if they fall, the one will lift up his fellow; but woe to him that is alone when he falleth, and hath not another to lift him up. 11: Again, if two lie together, then they have warmth; but how can one be warm [alone]? 12: And if a man prevail against him that is alone, two shall withstand him; and a threefold cord is not quickly broken. 13: Better is a poor and wise youth than an old and foolish king, who knoweth not how to receive admonition any more. 14: For out of prison he came forth to be king; yea, even in his kingdom he was born poor. 15: I saw all the living that walk under the sun, that they were with the youth, the second, that stood up in his stead. 16: There was no end of all the people, even of all them over whom he was: yet they that come after shall not rejoice in him. Surely this also is vanity and a striving after wind.