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The judgment of Babel, and the land of Chaldea, for their
idolatry, tyranny and pride; with gracious promises of the redemption
of Israel intermixed, ver. 1 - 46.
2: Bel - Bel and Merodach were the two principal idols of the
3: The north - From Media which lay northward to Babylon and
4: In those days - In the days wherein God shall begin to execute
judgment upon Babylon, (which was in the time of Cyrus) the children
of Judah shall come out of captivity, and some of the children of
Israel hearing that their brethren were gone out of Babylon, shall
go up also from the several places into which they were disposed by
the Assyrians: weeping for their sins, or for joy that God should shew
them such mercy.
6: Their shepherds - Their civil and ecclesiastical governors have
been a cause of it. The former by their wicked commands and example;
the latter by example as well as doctrine. Turned them - To offer
sacrifices unto idols. From mountain - From one idolatry to another.
Forgotten - They have forgotten me.
7: Habitation - Some think this is a name here given to God, who
indeed is the habitation of justice, but whether the Chaldeans would
call him so, may be a question. Others therefore think the preposition
in is understood, making this the aggravation of the Jews sins, that
they were committed in a land which ought to have been an habitation of
8: Remove - God commands his people to remove out of Babylon, and
to go forth chearfully like the he - goats of a flock leading the way.
10: Satisfied - Satisfied with spoil and plunder.
11: Because - They rejoiced at the ruin of the Jews.
Fat - The cause for which Babylon is threatened, was doubtless
their luxury of all sorts commonly attending great wealth.
12: Mother - Your country, shall be ashamed of you, who are not able
to defend her.
15: Given her hand - Acknowledging themselves overcome, and yielding.
As she hath done - Unmerciful men find no mercy.
16: Every one - Either such strangers as for commerce had their
abodes in Babylon, or such assistance as the Babylonians had gotten
against their enemies.
17: Israel - The whole twelve tribes. Lions - Enemies cruel as
lions had carried them into captivity.
20: Not found - God will no longer punish the sins of the Jews,
they should be sought for as to punishment and not found.
Reserve - Whom I save from the captivity of Babylon.
21: Merathaim - The names of some places which Cyrus took in his
way to Babylon.
22: The land - Of Chaldea.
26: Open her store - houses - The granaries, or treasures of the
27: Bullocks - The great and rich men of Babylon.
28: The vengeance - The revenge which God had taken for his holy
temple, which the Chaldeans had destroyed.
33: Together - Together in this place signifies no more than that
they were both oppressed, or alike oppressed.
34: Plead - He will actually and readily effect it.
36: Dote - Their soothsayers and wizards shall dote, not foreseeing
what will be. Dismayed - Their hearts shall fail them when this day comes.
37: Horses - Through they be full of chariots and horses,
the enemy shall destroy them. Mingled people - People that were
not native Chaldeans, but under their dominion.
38: Dried - This phrase has a plain reference to Cyrus's
stratagem used in the surprize of Babylon; one part of it was
fortified by the great river Euphrates, which Cyrus diverted by
cutting several channels, 'till he had drained it so low, that it
became passable for his army; others think that a want of rain is
40: No man - Cyrus only made them tributaries, and took away
their government. But Seleucus Nicanor, a Grecian prince, utterly
destroyed Babylon, so that in the time of Adrian the Roman
emperor, there was nothing left standing of that great city.