Joseph let Judah go on without interruption, heard all he had to
say, and then answered it all in one word, I am Joseph. Now he
found his brethren humbled for their sins, mindful of himself (for
Judah had mentioned him twice in his speech) respectful to their father,
and very tender of their brother Benjamin: now they were ripe for
the comfort he designed them, by making himself known to them. This
was to Joseph's brethren as clear shining after rain; nay, it was
to them as life from the dead. Here is,
Joseph's discovery of himself to his brethren, and his discourse
with them upon that occasion, ver. 1 - 15.
The orders Pharaoh gave to fetch Jacob and his family down
to Egypt, and Joseph's dispatch of his brethren back to his
father with these orders, ver. 16 - 24.
The joyful tidings of this brought to Jacob, ver. 25 - 28.
1: Judah and his brethren were waiting for an answer, and could not
but be amazed to discover, instead of the gravity of a judge, the natural
affection of a father or brother.
[1.] Cause every man to go out - The private conversations of friends
are the most free. When Joseph would put on love, he puts off
state, which it was not fit his servants should be witnesses of. Thus
Christ graciously manifests himself and his loving kindness to his people,
out of the sight and hearing of the world.
See note at "Ge 45:2" for continuation to item No. 2
[2.] V. 2. Tears were the introduction to his discourse. He had dammed up
this stream a great while, and with much ado, but now it swelled so high
that he could no longer contain, but he wept aloud, so that those whom
he had forbid to see him could not but hear him. These were tears of
tenderness and strong affection, and with these he threw off that austerity,
with which he had hitherto carried himself towards his brethren; for he
could bear it no longer. This represents the Divine compassion towards
returning penitents, as much as that of the father of the prodigal,(Lu 15:20,Ho 11:8,9).
See note at "Ge 45:3" for continuation to item No. 3
[3.] V. 3. He abruptly tells them; I am Joseph - They knew him only by
his Egyptian name, Zaphnath - paaneah, his Hebrew name being lost
and forgot in Egypt; but now he teaches them to call him by that, I
am Joseph: nay, that they might not suspect it was another of the same
name, he explains himself. I am Joseph your brother. This would
both humble them yet more for their sin in selling him, and encourage them
to hope for kind treatment. This word, at first, startled Joseph's
brethren, they started back through fear, or at least stood still
astonished: but Joseph called kindly and familiarly to them. Come
near, I pray you. Thus, when Christ manifests himself to his people he
encourages them to draw near to him with a true heart. Perhaps
being about to speak of their selling of him, he would not speak aloud, lest
the Egyptians should overhear, and it should make the Hebrews to be
yet more an abomination to them; therefore he would have them come near,
that he might whisper with them, which, now the tide of his passion was a
little over, he was able to do, whereas, at first, he could not but cry
[4.] He endeavours to sweep their grief for the injuries they had done
him, by shewing them, that, whatever they designed, God meant it for good,
and had brought much good out of it.
See note at "Ge 45:1" for start of item, ie. No. [1.]
5: Be not grieved or angry with yourselves - Sinners must
grieve, and be angry with themselves for their sins; yea, though
God, by his power, bring good out of them, for that is no thanks to the
sinner: but true penitents should be greatly affected with it, when they see
God bringing good out of evil. Though we must not with this consideration
extenuate our own sins, and so take off the edge of our repentance; yet
it may do well thus to extenuate the sins of others, and so take off the
edge of our angry resentments. Thus Joseph doth here. His brethren
needed not to fear that he would revenge upon them an injury which God's
providence had made to turn so much to his advantage, and that of his
family. Now he tells them how long the famine was likely to last, five
years yet, (Ge 45:6), and what a capacity he was in of being kind to
his relations, which is the greatest satisfaction that wealth and power can
give to a good man.
8: See what a favourable colour he puts upon the injury they had done
him, God sent me before you - God's Israel is the particular care of
God's providence. Joseph reckoned that his advancement was not so much
designed to save a whole kingdom of Egyptians, as to preserve a small
family of Israelites; for the Lord's portion is his people: whatever
goes with others, they shall be secured. How admirable are the projects of
Providence! How remote its tendencies! What wheels are there within
wheels; and yet all directed by the eyes in the wheels, and the Spirit of
the living Creature!
See note at "Ge 45:1" for start of item, ie. No. [1.]
[5.] He promises to take care of his father and all his family, during the
rest of the years of famine.
[1.] He desires that his father might speedily be made glad with the
tidings of his life and honour. His brethren must hasten to Canaan, and
acquaint Jacob that his son Joseph was lord of all Egypt - He knew it
would be a refreshing oil to his hoary head, and a sovereign cordial to his
spirits. He desires them to give themselves, and take with them to their
father, all possible satisfaction of the truth of these surprising tidings.
12: Your eyes see that it is my mouth - If they could recollect
themselves, they might remember something of his features and speech, and be
See note at "Ge 45:1" for (1.)
(2.) He is very earnest that his father and all his family should come to
him to Egypt. Come down unto me, tarry not - He allots his dwelling
in Goshen, that part of Egypt which lay towards Canaan, that
they might be mindful of the country from which they were to come out.
He promiseth to provide for him, I will nourish - Our Lord Jesus being,
like Joseph, exalted to the highest honours and powers of the upper
world, it is his will that all that are his should be with him where he
is. This is his commandment, that we be with him now in faith and hope,
and a heavenly conversation; and this is his promise, that we shall be
for ever with him.
24: See that ye fall not out by the way - He knew they were but too apt
to be quarrelsome; and what had lately passed, which revived the remembrance
of what they had done formerly against their brother, might give them
occasion to quarrel. Now Joseph having forgiven them all, lays this
obligation upon them, not to upbraid one another. This charge our Lord
Jesus has given to us, that we love one another, that we live in peace, that
whatever occurs, or whatever former occurrences are remembered, we fall
We are brethren, we have all one father.
We are his brethren; and we shame, our relation to him, who is our
peace, if we fall out.
We are all guilty, verily guilty, and instead of quarrelling with one
another, have a great deal of reason to fall out with ourselves.
We are forgiven of God, whom we have all offended, and therefore should
be ready to forgive one another.
We are by the way, a way that lies through the land of Egypt,
where we have many eyes upon us, that seek occasion and advantage against
us; a way that leads to Canaan, where we hope to be for ever in perfect
26: We have here the good news brought to Jacob. When, without any
preamble, his sons came in crying Joseph is yet alive. The very
mention of Joseph's name revived his sorrow, so that his heart
fainted. It was a good while before he came to himself. He was in such
care and fear about the rest of them, that at this time it would have been
joy enough to him to hear that Simeon is released, and Benjamin is
come safe home; for he had been ready to despair concerning both these; but
to bear that Joseph is alive, is too good news to be true; he
faints, for he believes it not.
27: When he saw the waggons his spirit revived - Now Jacob is
called Israel, for he begins to recover his wonted vigour. It pleases
him to think that Joseph is alive. He saith nothing of Joseph's
glory, which they had told him of; it was enough to him that Joseph was
alive: it pleases him to think of going to see him. Though he was
old, and the journey long, yet he would go to see Joseph, because
Joseph's business would not permit him to come to him. Observe, He will
go see him, not I will go live with him; Jacob was old, and did not
expect to live long: but I will go see him before I die, and then let me
depart in peace; let my eyes be refreshed with this sight before they
are closed, and then it is enough, I need no more to make me happy in