View Exodus 31 in the note window.
In this chapter,
- God appoints what workmen should be employed in the building and
furnishing the tabernacle, ver. 1 - 11.
- He repeats the law of the sabbath, ver. 12 - 17.
- He delivers to Moses the two tables of the testimony, ver. 18.
2: See I have called Bezaleel, the grandson of Hur, probably
that Hur who had helped to hold up Moses's hand, (Ex 17:10-12),
and was at this time in commission with Aaron for the government of the
people in the absence of Moses. Aholiab of the tribe of Dan is
appointed next to Bezaleel, and partner with him. Hiram, who was
the head - workman in the building of Solomon's temple, was also of the
tribe of Dan, (2Ch 2:14).
3: And I have filled him with the spirit of God; and (Ex 31:6).
In the hearts of all that are wise - hearted I have put wisdom. Skill in
common employments is the gift of God; It is he that puts even this
wisdom into the inward parts, (Job 38:36). He teacheth the
husbandman discretion, (Isa 28:26), and the tradesman too, and he
must have the praise of it.
13: It is a sign between me and you - The institution of the sabbath
was a great instance of God's favour, and a sign that he had distinguished
them from all other people: and their religious observance of it, was a
great instance of their duty to him. God, by sanctifying this day among
them, let them know that he sanctified them, and set them apart for
his service, otherwise he would not have revealed to them his holy
sabbaths to be the support of religion among them. The Jews by
observing one day in seven, after six days labour, testified that they
worshipped the God that made the world in six days, and rested the seventh;
and so distinguished themselves from other nations, who having first lost
the sabbath, the memorial of the creation, by degrees lost the knowledge of
the creator, and gave the creature the honour due to him alone.
14: It is holy unto you - That is, it is designed for your benefit
as well as for God's honour; it shall be accounted holy by you.
15: It is the sabbath of rest, holy to the Lord - It is separated
from common use, for the service of God; and by the observance of it we are
taught to rest from worldly pursuits, and devote ourselves, and all we are,
have, and can do, to God's glory.
16: It was to be observed throughout their generations, in every
age, for a perpetual covenant - This was to be one of the most lasting
tokens of the covenant between God and Israel.
17: On the seventh day he rested - And as the work of creation is
worthy to be thus commemorated, so the great Creator is worthy to be thus
imitated, by a holy rest the seventh day.
18: These tables of stone, were not prepared by Moses, but
probably by the ministry of angels. They were written with the finger
of God - That is, by his will and power immediately, without the use of
any instrument. They were written in two tables, being designed to
direct us in our duty, towards God, and towards man. And they were called
tables of testimony, because this written law testified the will of
God concerning them, and would be a testimony against them if they were