31:3 And I have filled him with the spirit of God, in wisdom,
and in understanding, and in knowledge, and in all manner
of b workmanship,
(b) This shows that handicrafts are the gifts of God's
spirit, and therefore ought to be esteemed.
31:6 And I, behold, I have given with him Aholiab, the son of
Ahisamach, of the tribe of Dan: and in the hearts of all
that are c wise hearted I have put wisdom, that they may
make all that I have commanded thee;
(c) I have instructed them, and increased their knowledge.
31:8 And the table and his furniture, and the d pure
candlestick with all his furniture, and the altar of
(d) So called, because of the cunning and art used in them,
or because the whole was beaten out of the piece.
31:11 And the e anointing oil, and sweet incense for the holy
[place]: according to all that I have commanded thee shall
(e) Which was only to anoint the Priests and the
instruments of the tabernacle, not to burn.
31:13 Speak thou also unto the children of Israel, saying, f
Verily my sabbaths ye shall keep: for it [is] a sign
between me and you throughout your generations; that [ye]
may know that I [am] the LORD that doth sanctify you.
(f) Though I command that these works be done, yet I do
not want you to break my Sabbath days.
31:14 Ye shall keep the g sabbath therefore; for it [is] holy
unto you: every one that defileth it shall surely be put
to death: for whosoever doeth [any] work therein, that
soul shall be cut off from among his people.
(g) God repeats this point because the whole keeping of
the law stands in the true use of the sabbath, which
is to stop working and so obey the will of God.
31:17 It [is] a sign between me and the children of Israel for
ever: for [in] six days the LORD made heaven and earth,
and on the seventh day he h rested, and was refreshed.
(h) From creating his creatures, but not from governing
and preserving them.
31:18 And he gave unto Moses, when he had made an end of
communing with him upon mount Sinai, two tables i of
testimony, tables of stone, written with the finger of