To sanctify all their first - born to him, ver. 1, 2.
To remember their deliverance out of Egypt, ver. 3, 4.
and in remembrance of it to keep the feast of unleavened bread,
ver. 5 - 8.
To transmit the knowledge of it to their children, ver. 8 - 10.
To set apart to God the firstlings of their cattle, ver. 11 - 13.
and to explain that also to their children, ver. 14 - 16.
The care God took of Israel when he had brought them out of
Chusing their way for them, ver. 17, 18
Guiding them in the way, ver. 20 - 22.
And their care of Joseph's bones, ver. 19.
2: Sanctify to me all the first - born - The parents were not to look
upon themselves as interested in their first - born, till they had first
solemnly presented them to God, and received them back from him again.
It is mine - By a special right, being by my singular favour preserved
from the common destruction.
5: When the lord shall bring you into the land, thou shalt keep
this service - 'Till then they were not obliged to keep the passover,
without a particular command from God.
7: There shall no leavened bread be seen in all thy quarters
- Accordingly the Jews usage was, before the feast of the passover, to
cast all the leavened bread out of their houses; either they burnt it, or
buried it, or broke it small, and threw it into the wind; they searched
diligently with lighted candles in all the corners of their houses, lest any
leaven should remain. The strictness enjoined in this matter was designed,
To make the feast the more solemn, and consequently the more taken
notice of by the children, who would ask, why is so much ado made?
To teach us how solicitous we should be to put away from us all sin.
9: Upon thy hand, between thine eyes - Proverbial expressions;
denoting things which are never out of our thoughts.
13: Thou shalt redeem - The price of the redemption was fixed by
16: For frontlets between thine eyes - As conspicuous as any thing
fixt to thy forehead, or between thine eyes.
18: There were many reasons why God led them through the way of the
wilderness of the red sea. The Egyptians were to be drowned in the
Red - sea, the Israelites were to be humbled, and proved in the
wilderness. (De 8: 2).
God had given it to Moses for a sign, (Ex 3:12),
ye shall serve God in this mountain. They had again and again told
Pharaoh that they must go three days journey into the wilderness to do
sacrifice, and therefore it was requisite they should march that way, else
they had justly been exclaimed against as dissemblers. Before they entered
the lifts with their enemies, matters must be settled between them and their
God; laws must be given, ordinances instituted, covenants sealed; and for
the doing of this it was necessary they should retire into the solitudes of
a wilderness, the only closet for such a crowd; the high road would be no
proper place for these transactions. The reason why God did not lead them
the nearest way, which would have brought them in a few days to the land
of the Philistines, was because they were not yet fit for war, much less
for war with the Philistines. Their spirits were broke with slavery;
the Philistines were formidable enemies; it was convenient they should
begin with the Amalekites, and be prepared for the wars of Canaan,
by experiencing the difficulties of the wilderness. God is said to bring
Israel out of Egypt as the eagle brings up her young ones,(De 32:11), teaching them by degrees to fly.
They went up harnessed - They went up by five in a rank, so some; in
five squadrons, so others. They marched like an army with banners,
which added much to strength and honour.
21: And the Lord went before them in a pillar - In the two first
stages, it was enough that God directed Moses whither to march; he knew
the country, and the road; but now they are come to the edge of the
wilderness, they would have occasion for a guide, and a very good guide
they had, infinitely wise, kind, and faithful, the Lord went up before
them; The Shechinah or appearance of the divine Majesty, which was a
precious manifestation of the eternal Word, who in the fulness of time was
to be made flesh, and dwell among us. Christ was with the church in
the wilderness, (1Co 10:9). What a satisfaction to
Moses and the pious Israelites, to be sure that they were under a
divine conduct? They need not fear missing their way who were thus led,
nor being lost who were thus directed; they need not fear being
benighted, who were thus illuminated, nor being robbed, who were
thus protected. And they who make the glory of God their end, and the
word of God their rule, the spirit of God the guide of their affections, and
the providence of God the guide of their affairs, may be confident that
the Lord goes before them, as truly is he went before Israel in
the wilderness, though not so sensibly. They had sensible effects
of God's going before them in this pillar. For, It led them the way in
that vast howling wilderness, in which there was no road, no track, no
way - marks through which they had no guides. When they marched, this pillar
went before them, at the rate that they could follow, and appointed the
place of their encampment, as infinite Wisdom saw fit; which eased them from
care, and secured them from danger, both in moving, and in resting.
It sheltered them from the heat by day, which at sometimes of the year
was extreme: And it gave them light by night when they had occasion for it.
22: He took not away the pillar of the cloud, - No not when they
seemed to have less occasion for it: it never left them 'till it brought
them to the borders of Canaan. It was a cloud which the wind could not
scatter. There was something spiritual in this pillar of cloud and fire.
The children of Israel were baptized unto Moses in this
cloud, (1Co 10:2). By coming under this cloud they signified
their putting themselves under the conduct and command of Moses.
Protection draws allegiance; this cloud was the badge of God's
protection, and so became the bond of their allegiance. Thus they
were initiated, and admitted under that government, now when they were
entering upon the wilderness.
And it signifies the special conduct and protection which the church of
Christ is under in this world.