SUMMARY.--The Collections for the Saints.
The First Day of the Week.
His Work at Ephesus.
Timothy Commended to Them.
Various Friendly Admonitions.
1-4. Concerning the collection for the saints. The collection
for the poor saints at Jerusalem is referred to more than once in Acts.
It was first called for when "a great dearth" came upon the land
The church at Jerusalem had been impoverished by the great liberality
in its first years, and by the persecutions which followed. See also
References to this collection are found in
2 Cor. 8:1, 2; 2 Cor. 9:1, 2.
To the churches of Galatia. The directions to the churches of
Galatia on this subject have not been preserved. Such hints as this and
the reference to a lost letter to the church of Corinth
show that all that Paul wrote has not come down to us.
2. Upon the first day of the week. This shows that the first day
of the week was set apart and regarded by the church.
shows that the church assembled to break bread on that day.
Let every one of you lay by him in store. The usual view is that
every one was directed to set aside something on the Lord's day and
keep it until Paul came. This view is sanctioned by the translations
and most of the commentators. Macknight renders: "On the first day of
the week, let each one of you lay somewhat by itself, putting it into
the treasury." I believe Macknight is right; for (1) there were to be
no collections when Paul came. That implies that the money was to be
placed in the treasury. Otherwise, it would have to be collected. (2)
Thesaurizoon, rendered in the Common Version "in store,"
is a present participle, meaning literally, "putting into the
thesaurus," or "treasury." (3) All church history testifies that the
early church took up weekly collections on the first day of the week.
See Pliny's Letter to the Emperor Trajan. (4) We know, from
and from all early church history, that the church met on the first day
of the week. It only remains to add that 
par' heauto, rendered by the translators "by him," is rendered
with equal correctness, "by itself." Its form is that of the neuter
As God hath prospered him. Each week every one is to give
according to his ability.
3. Whomsoever ye shall approve. The church should select its own
messengers, giving them letters as credentials. He lets the
Corinthians choose the bearers of their own bounty.
4. If it be meet that I go. He did not then know whether he
would go or not. In the outcome he did go
(Acts 19:21; 20:3)
5-9. I will come unto you, etc. He outlines his plans. He
probably wrote in the spring. He intends to visit the churches in
Macedonia, and then, perhaps, winter at Corinth. This he did, spending
(Acts 20:2, 3).
6. That ye may set me forward on my journey. Give him aid, and
perhaps company in going elsewhere.
7. For I will not now see you by the way. He will not sail
direct across the Ægean Sea to Corinth, and go from thence to
Macedonia. He would have to hurry away from Corinth too soon, unless he
went to Macedonia first.
8. I will tarry at Ephesus until Pentecost. He was then writing
before Pentecost, which came in the latter part of the spring.
9. For a great and effectual door is opened. His ministry in
Ephesus was very successful. See
Acts, chapter 19.
There are many adversaries. Demetrius and his fellow-craftsmen
had probably begun their agitation.
10-12. Now if Timothy come, etc. We learn
that Timothy and Erastus had been sent to Macedonia, and Timothy
(1 Cor. 4:17)
was instructed to stop at Corinth on the way. Paul asks that he be
11. Let no man despise him. He was a young man. See
1 Tim. 4:12.
I expect him with the brethren. That he came with them, as
expected, is seen from
2 Cor. 1:1.
12. As touching our brother Apollos. Apollos was then at Ephesus
when Paul wrote.
I greatly desired him to come unto you with the brethren. Possibly
with Timothy and Erastus. See note on
For some reason Apollos was averse to visiting Corinth at that time.
13, 14. Watch ye. Be on the watch; a matter very needful in as
gay and corrupt a city as Corinth.
14. Let all . . . be done in love. Compare
This would prevent the divisions which he had rebuked in
15-20. I beseech you, brethren (ye know the house of
Stephanas). Paul had baptized the household of Stephanas. See
1 Cor. 1:16.
They were his first converts at Corinth.
16. That ye submit yourselves to such. In view of the fact that
they were devoted to the ministry.
17. I am glad of the coming of Stephanas. Stephanas is named in
1 Cor. 1:16 and above in verse 15.
The other two are not named elsewhere. These three doubtless brought to
Paul the letter referred to in
and probably carried back the present letter.
19. The churches of Asia salute you. Of the Roman province of
Asia, of which Ephesus was the capital. Seven of the churches of "Asia"
are named in the Book of Revelation.
Aquila and Priscilla salute you. We first meet this excellent
pair at Corinth
afterwards they had gone to Ephesus
With the church in their house. The early church had no
church buildings, and would be compelled to meet often in private
houses. The house of Aquila and Priscilla was such a place of meeting.
See note on
20. Greet ye one another with a holy kiss. See note on
21-24. The salutation of me, Paul, with mine own hand. Paul's
letters were written by an amanuensis
but he always added a salutation in his own hand as a proof of
(2 Thess. 3:17).
2 Thess. 2:2,
implies that spurious letters were circulated.
22. If any man love not the Lord Jesus Christ, let him be
Anathema. That is, accursed.
Maranatha. This means, "Our Lord cometh." It is likely that
he means, "If any church member love not, etc." He is not speaking of
the outside world.