SUMMARY.--The Son of Man Lord of the Sabbath.
The Man with the Withered Hand Healed.
Accused of Sabbath-Breaking.
The Apostles Chosen.
Blessings and Woes.
Returning Good for Evil.
Evil and Good Fruit.
The Wise and Foolish Builders.
1-5. It came to pass on a sabbath. Such is the reading of the Revision.
The common text, the second-first in the Greek, is referred by Godet
to second-first Sunday of the year. The first first Sabbath was
the first Sabbath of the civil year; the second first was the first
sabbath of the religious year. It came in the spring. For notes on the
controversy caused by the Lord's disciples plucking the ears of wheat
on the Sabbath, see
Mark 2:23-28 and 3:1-5.
Ears of corn. Of wheat or barley.
6-11. It came to pass on another sabbath. For notes on the
healing of the withered hand on the Sabbath, see
12. Went out into a mountain to pray. Preparatory to calling the
apostles. Our Lord always prepared for any great crisis by prayer.
13. He called his disciples. After the night of prayer. Out of
these twelve were chosen. For notes on the call of the Apostles see
These are four lists of the twelve: that here:
Mark 3:16-19; Acts 1:13.
They differ slightly because some of the apostles had two different
names: for example, Matthew is also called Levi, and Simon is called
17-19. Came down and stood on a level place. We now come to
Luke's report of the Sermon on the Mount, given much more fully in
chapters 5, 6 and 7 of Matthew,
on which see
Luke only states that the sermon was preceded by the healing of the
diseased in the vast multitudes which had assembled from all parts of
20-23. Blessed. These beatitudes are given more fully in
Luke says kingdom of God; Matthew, of heaven, showing
that the two are the same. 
24-26. Woe unto you that are rich! Matthew omits these woes. Woe
unto all whose heart is set upon their riches and who take their
delight and consolation in them. The woe rests upon all who are engaged
in the greedy chase after wealth, or make it their great good. See
1 Tim. 6:9, 10, 17.
Woe unto ye that are full now! Because, satisfied, they do
not hunger after righteousness
Such shall hunger when stripped of all that is earthly.
Woe unto you, ye that laugh now! Give themselves to merriment,
seeking fun and enjoyment instead of preparation.
When all men shall speak well of you! Those who seek to be
universally popular. Whoever does his duty will meet those who oppose
him. Christ was reviled and slandered. These four woes are addressed to
four classes: (1) Those who worship wealth; (2) those satisfied with
their present life; (3) those who live for present enjoyment; (4) those
whose aim is human praise and adulation.
27-36. Love your enemies. These precepts are found in
in their connection. See notes
37, 38. Judge not. See notes on
Matt. 7:1, 2.
Give into your bosom. The loose garment of a Jew was belted
at the waist, and in its capacious bosom grain, or other articles, were
39. Can the blind lead the blind? See notes on
40. The disciple is not above his master. See note on
41, 42. The mote that is in thy brother's eye. See notes on
46-49. Why call ye me, Lord, Lord? See notes on
Digged deep. This is often needful to reach the rock. We
must dig deep, even to our heart, to its center, to build upon
the Rock, Christ our Lord. The confession of faith in Christ
must be believed with the heart
confessed with the mouth, in order that we may be built upon the Rock