SUMMARY.--The Man with the Withered Hand.
The Pharisees and Herodians in Council.
The Great Physician Healing.
The Twelve Apostles Appointed.
The Blasphemy of Ascribing His Divine Power to Beelzebub.
The Sin That Hath No Forgiveness.
Christ's Mother and Brethren.
2. They watched him. The same critics who had found fault in the
There was present a man whose right hand was withered, and they watched
to see whether the Lord would heal him on the Sabbath.
3. Stand forth. He read their thoughts and determined to give
prominence to the good work. He would heal him on the Sabbath; heal
him in the synagogue, heal him before all.
4. Is it lawful . . . to save life, or to kill? A home thrust at
the fault-finders. They were harboring murderous thoughts; he was
seeking to save life. Which was breaking the Sabbath?
5. Looked on them with anger. Indignation.
Hardness of heart. Shown by their fault finding, evil thoughts,
and silence by his questions. 
6. Pharisees. See note on
Herodians. See note on
Took counsel. Already these inveterate enemies were resolved to
destroy Jesus. They took counsel how it might be done. As they
went to the partisans of Herod, who ruled in Galilee, they probably
sought to persuade them to have Herod put him to death.
7. Jesus withdrew himself. See fuller notes on the popularity
The sea. Of Galilee. Also consult map for the localities
8. Idumæa. More anciently called Edom. Southeast of the
Jordan, and south of the Dead Sea. That country was occupied by the
descendants of Esau. Herod the Great was, on his father's side, an
Tyre and Sidon. See note on
9. A small ship. A fishing boat. The Revision correctly renders
the term by the word boat.
14. Ordained twelve, that they should be with him. They were to
attend him into order to be specially prepared to preach Christ.
16. Simon he surnamed Peter. He did this previously
17. Boanerges. Why this title was bestowed on James and John we
are not told. Possibly from their power as preachers. 
19. They went into a house. On the return to Capernaum.
20. Could not so much as eat. The multitudes were so eager to
hear, or be healed, and Jesus so ready to bless them, that there was no
time for meals.
21. His friends. Probably his relatives. See
His brethren were not yet counted among his disciples.
He is beside himself. Carried away by an unwise enthusiasm.
22. The scribes . . . said. For notes on the charge of the
scribes, Beelzebub, and the sin of blasphemy against the Holy Spirit,
From Jerusalem. The men who were leaders in this effort to
destroy the influence of Jesus were a delegation from the very
religious bodies at Jerusalem that finally sent him to death.
<! -- [8. Verily I say unto you. See note on Mt+10:15.] -->
30. Because they said he had an unclean spirit. This was a sin
against the Holy Spirit because Jesus did mighty works in the power of
the Holy Spirit, and they ascribed the power to an unclean spirit.
31. Then came his brethren and his mother. See notes on
The natural inference is that the "brethren" were the sons of Mary and
the half-brothers of Jesus. No other idea would ever have been
maintained had it not been that the doctrine of the perpetual virginity
of Mary arose some centuries after the apostles.