14. Returned. After the Temptation. For the events before the
In the power of the Spirit. Full of Divine strength since his
victory over Satan. To conquer evil always lifts to a higher power.
15. Taught in their synagogues. See note on
for description of synagogues.
16. Entered . . . into the synagogue. The meetings were held
every Sabbath in the synagogues, and Jesus was accustomed to attend, as
were all religious Jews. Compare with
Critics differ whether this is an account of the same visit as that of
or a different one. It seems probable that there were two visits.
Stood up for to read. To indicate his readiness to read. It was
allowed that any member of the synagogue might read the lesson, and
this was the one in which he had been reared.
17. The book of . . . Isaiah. There were regular readings for
each Sabbath, and that of this one was partly in Isaiah. The book was a
roll of manuscript.
He found.Isa. 61:1-3.
A passage that refers to the Messiah. All will note how accurately it
describes his work.
20. Closed the book. Rolled up the manuscript.
Gave it to the minister. Not a rabbi, but an officer who had
charge of the building and its furniture.
And sat down. It was the custom of the synagogue to stand while
reading, to sit while teaching.
The eyes of all . . . in the synagogue. The man brought up among
them was about to address them for the first time. The report from
other places preceded this visit; the passage was remarkable, and
doubtless there was something in the appearance of our Lord, especially
under these circumstances, which would command unusual
attention--Schaff. His mother, brethren and sisters were
21. This day is this Scripture fulfilled. By the preaching to
which they were now about to listen.
22. Bare witness, and wondered. As he proceeded with his
Is not this Joseph's son? They were astonished that Joseph's
son, without rabbinical education, could speak with such power and
23, 24. Physician, heal thyself. This seems to have been
answered to their whispered words and the thoughts he read in their
hearts. They had heard of his fame in Capernaum, but they knew him as a
poor young man, and his family was poor. "If he has such power as fame
reports, let him better his own condition." He replied to their proverb
with another, often verified, No prophet is acceptable in his own
25-27. Many widows were in Israel. He points out that Elijah
saved a Sidonian widow, and Elisha healed a Syrian leper, passing by
Hebrews and healing Gentiles, and thus he points to the salvation of
Gentiles by Christ.
Sarepta. The same as Zarephatha, a town between Tyre and
1 Kings 17:9, 10.
2 Kings 5:14.
28-30. Were filled with wrath. They were so filled with bigotry
that the suggestion of the salvation of the Gentiles was intolerable,
and in their rage they sought to slay him. See
where a similar suggestion leads the Jews to seek Paul's death.
Passing through the midst of them. With a majesty that overawed
31. Came down to Capernaum. Nazareth was on the hills; Capernaum
in the deep depression of the Sea of Galilee. 
33-37. In the synagogue was a man. See notes on
Matthew omits this account.