1:1 Paul, 1 a a servant of God, and an apostle of Jesus
Christ, according to the faith of God's b elect, 2 and
the acknowledging of the truth which is after godliness;
(1) He vouches his apostleship (not for Titus, but for the
Cretian's sake) both by the testimony of his outward
calling, and by his consent in which he agrees with all the
elect from the beginning of the world.
(a) A minister, as Christ himself, in his office of
minister and head of the Prophets, is called a servant;
(b) Of those whom God has chosen.
(2) The faith in which all the elect agree, is the true and
sincere knowledge of God for this purpose, that worshipping
God correctly, they may at length obtain everlasting life
according to the promise of God, who is true, which promise
was exhibited in Christ in due time according to his
1:2 In c hope of eternal life, which God, that cannot lie, d
promised before the e world began;
(c) Hope is the end of faith.
(d) Freely and only from his generosity.
(e) )See Geneva "2Ti 1:9")
1:33 But hath in due times manifested his word through
preaching, which is committed unto me according to the
commandment of God our f Saviour;
(3) This truth is not to be sought anywhere else, but in the
preaching of the apostles.
(f) This word "Saviour" does not only signify a preserver
of life, but also a giver of life.
1:44 To Titus, [mine] own son after the common faith: 5
Grace, mercy, [and] peace, from God the Father and the Lord
Jesus Christ our Saviour.
(4) The apostle exhorts the Cretians to hear Titus, by setting
forth his consent and agreement with them in the faith, and
in addition shows by what special note we may distinguish
true ministers from false.
(5) There is but one way of salvation, common both to the
pastor and the flock.
1:56 For this cause left I thee in Crete, that thou shouldest
set in order the things that are wanting, and ordain elders
in every city, as I had appointed thee:
(6) The first admonition: to ordain elders in every church.
1:6 If any be blameless, the husband of one wife, having
faithful children not accused of riot or g unruly.
(g) This word is used of horses and oxen, who will not tolerate
1:77 For a bishop must be blameless, as the h steward of
God; not i selfwilled, not soon angry, not given to wine,
no striker, not given to filthy lucre;
(7) The second admonition: what faults pastors (whom he referred
to before under the word elders) ought to be void of, and
what virtues they ought to have.
(h) Whom the Lord has appointed steward of his gifts.
(i) Not stubborn and hard to please.
1:8 But a lover of hospitality, a lover of good men, k sober,
just, holy, temperate;
(k) Cautious, and of a sound judgment, and of a singular
example of moderation.
1:98 Holding fast the faithful word as he hath been taught,
9 that he may be able by sound doctrine both to exhort and
to convince the gainsayers.
(8) The third admonition: the pastor must hold fast that
doctrine which the apostles delivered, and pertains to
salvation, leaving behind all curious and vain matters.
(9) The fourth admonition: to apply the knowledge of true
doctrine to use, which consists in two things, that is, in
governing those who show themselves able to learn, and
confuting the obstinate.
1:1010 For there are many unruly and vain talkers and
deceivers, specially they of the l circumcision:
(10) An applying of the general proposition to a particular:
the Cretians above all others need sharp reprehensions:
both because their minds are naturally given to lies and
slothfulness, and because of certain covetous Jews, who
under a pretence of godliness, partly combined certain
vain traditions, and partly old ceremonies with the
(l) Of the Jews, or rather of those Jews who went about to
join Christ and the Law.
1:12m One of themselves, [even] a prophet of their own, said,
The Cretians [are] alway liars, evil beasts, slow bellies.
(m) Epimenides, who was considered a prophet amongst them.
See Laertius, and Cicero in his first book of
1:13 This witness is true. Wherefore rebuke them n sharply,
that they may be sound in the faith;
(n) Clearly and plainly, and do not go about the bush with
1:1511 Unto the pure all things [are] pure: but unto them
that are defiled and unbelieving [is] nothing pure; but
even their o mind and conscience is defiled.
(11) He shows in few words, that purity consists not in any
external worship, and that which is according to the old
Law (as indifference of meats, and washings, and other
such things which are abolished) but in the mind and
conscience. And whoever teaches otherwise, does not know
what true religion really is, and also is not to be heeded.
(o) If our minds and consciences are unclean, what
cleanness is there in us before regeneration?