14:1 After 1 two days was [the feast of] the passover, and of
unleavened bread: and the chief priests and the scribes
sought how they might take him by craft, and put [him] to
(1) By the will of God, against the counsel of men, it came to
pass that Christ should be put to death upon the solemn day
of the passover, that in all respects the truth of his
sacrifice might agree to the symbol of the passover.
14:42 And there were some that had indignation within
themselves, and said, Why was this waste of the ointment
(2) Rash judgments are made void before God.
14:5 For it might have been sold for more than a three hundred
pence, and have been given to the poor. And they murmured
(a) Which is about six English pounds.
14:73 For ye have the poor with you always, and whensoever ye
will ye may do them good: but me ye have not always.
(3) Christ allowed himself to be anointed once or twice for
certain considerations: but his will is to be daily
anointed in the poor.
14:84 She hath done what she could: she is come aforehand to
anoint my body to the burying.
(4) This woman, by the secret influence of the Spirit, anoints
Christ, and thus sets before men's eyes his death and
burial which were at hand.
14:105 And Judas Iscariot, one of the twelve, went unto the
chief priests, to betray him unto them.
(5) Covetousness disguised with a zeal of charity is an
occasion to betray and crucify Christ.
14:126 And the first day of unleavened bread, b when c
they killed the d passover, his disciples said unto him,
Where wilt thou that we go and prepare that thou mayest
eat the passover?
(6) Christ being made subject to the law for us celebrates the
passover according to the law: and in addition by a miracle
shows that even though he will immediately suffer in the
flesh, that he is yet God.
(b) That is, upon this day, and at the evening of the same
day, which was the beginning of the fifteenth.
)See Geneva (G) "Mt 26:17").
(c) They used to sacrifice.
(d) That is, spoken thus, by the figure of speech called
metonymy, which is commonly used when talking about
sacraments, and by the passover is meant the paschal
14:15 And he will shew you a large e upper room furnished
[and] prepared: there make ready for us.
(e) The Greek word signifies that part of the house that
is highest from the ground, and because they used to
eat supper in that part of the house they called it a
supper room, no matter what they were using it for.
14:187 And as they sat and did eat, Jesus said, Verily I say
unto you, One of you which eateth with me shall betray me.
(7) The types in the law, which are to be fulfilled before
long, are cancelled: and in place of them are put symbols of
the new covenant corresponding to them, which will continue
to the world's end.
14:20 And he answered and said unto them, [It is] one of the
twelve, that f dippeth with me in the dish.
(f) That regularly eats with me.
14:278 And Jesus saith unto them, All ye shall be offended
because of me this night: for it is written, I will smite
the shepherd, and the sheep shall be scattered.
(8) Christ foretells how he will be forsaken by his own, but
yet that he will never forsake them.
14:299 But Peter said unto him, Although all shall be
offended, yet [will] not I.
(9) Here is set forth in an excellent person a most sorrowful
example of man's rashness and weakness.
14:31 But he spake the g more vehemently, If I should die with
thee, I will not deny thee in any wise. Likewise also said
(g) The doubling of words here sets out more plainly
Peter's vehement affirmation.
14:32 (10) And they came to a place which was named Gethsemane:
and he saith to his disciples, Sit ye here, while I shall
(10) Christ suffering for us the most horrible terrors of the
curse of God, in that flesh which he took upon him for our
sakes, receives the cup from his Father's hands, which he
being just, drinks right away for the unjust.
14:36 And he said, h Abba, Father, all things [are] possible
unto thee; take away this cup from me: nevertheless not
what I will, but what thou wilt.
(h) This doubling of the word was used in those days when
their languages were mixed together: for the word
"Abba" is a Syrian word.
14:3711 And he cometh, and findeth them sleeping, and saith
unto Peter, Simon, sleepest thou? couldest not thou watch
(11) A horrible example of the sluggishness of men, even among
the disciples whom Christ had chosen.
14:4312 And immediately, while he yet spake, cometh Judas,
one of the twelve, and with him a great multitude with
swords and staves, from the chief priests and the scribes
and the elders.
(12) As men willingly robbed God their creator of his praise in
forsaking and betraying him: so Christ, willingly going
about to make satisfaction for this ruin, is forsaken by
his own, and betrayed by one of his familiar acquaintances
as a thief, so that the punishment might be in agreement
with the sin, and that we who are ourselves traitors,
forsakers and those committing sacrilege, might be
delivered out of the devil's snare.
14:44 And he that betrayed him had given them a token, saying,
Whomsoever I shall kiss, that same is he; take him, and
lead [him] away i safely.
(i) So diligently that he cannot escape out of your hand.
14:47 And k one of them that stood by drew a sword, and smote
a servant of the high priest, and cut off his ear.
(k) That is, Peter.
14:50 And they l all forsook him, and fled.
(l) All his disciples.
14:5113 And there followed him a certain young man, having a
m linen cloth cast about [his] naked [body]; and the
young men laid hold on him:
(13) Under a pretence of godliness, all things are lawful to
those who do violence against Christ.
(m) Which he cast about him, and ran forth after he heard
the commotion in the night: by this we may understand
with how great licentiousness these villains violently
set upon him.
14:53 And they led Jesus away to the high priest: and with him
were n assembled all the chief priests and the elders
and the scribes.
(n) The highest council was assembled because Christ was
accused as a blasphemer and a false prophet: for as to
the other crime of treason, it was forged against him
by the priest in order to force Pilate to condemn him.
14:5514 And the chief priests and all the council sought for
witness against Jesus to put him to death; and found none.
(14) Christ, who was so innocent that he could not be
oppressed, not even by false witnesses, is at length
condemned for impiety before the high priest for
confessing God to be his father. This is so that we, who
denied God and were indeed wicked, might be acquitted
14:61 But he held his peace, and answered nothing. Again the
high priest asked him, and said unto him, Art thou the
Christ, the Son of the o Blessed?
(o) Of God, who is most worthy of all praise?
14:6515 And some began to spit on him, and to cover his face,
and to buffet him, and to say unto him, Prophesy: and the
servants did strike him with the palms of their hands.
(15) Christ, suffering all types of reproach for our sakes,
gets everlasting glory for those that believe in him.
14:6616 And as Peter was beneath in the palace, there cometh
one of the maids of the high priest:
(16) A grievous example of the frailness of man together with a
most comfortable example of the mercy of God, who gives
the spirit of repentance and faith to his elect.
14:69 And q a maid saw him again, and began to say to them
that stood by, This is [one] of them.
(q) If we carefully compare the evangelists together we
will perceive that Peter was known by many through the
maiden's report: furthermore, when the second denial
is spoken of in Luke, there is a man servant mentioned
and not a maid.