19:1 Then Pilate therefore took Jesus, and 1 scourged [him].
(1) The wisdom of the flesh chooses the least of two evils, but
God curses that very wisdom.
19:42 Pilate therefore went forth again, and saith unto them,
Behold, I bring him forth to you, that ye may know that I
find no fault in him.
(2) Christ is again acquitted by the same mouth with which he
was afterwards condemned.
19:6 When the chief priests therefore and officers saw him, they
cried out, saying, a Crucify [him], crucify [him]. Pilate
saith unto them, Take ye him, and crucify [him]: for I find
no fault in him.
(a) They will have him crucified whom, by an old custom of
theirs, they should have stoned and hanged up as
convicted of blasphemy: but they desire to have him
crucified after the manner of the Romans.
19:83 When Pilate therefore heard that saying, he was the
(3) Pilate's conscience fights for Christ, but it immediately
yields, because it is not upheld with the singular power of
19:134 When Pilate therefore heard that saying, he brought
Jesus forth, and sat down in the judgment seat in a place
that is called the Pavement, but in the Hebrew, b
(4) Pilate condemns himself first, with the same mouth with
which he afterwards condemns Christ.
(b) "Gabbatha" signifies a high place, as judgment seats
19:165 Then delivered he him therefore unto them to be
crucified. And they took Jesus, and led [him] away.
(5) Christ fastens Satan, sin, and death to the cross.
19:196 And Pilate wrote a title, and put [it] on the cross.
And the writing was, JESUS OF NAZARETH THE KING OF THE
(6) Christ, sitting upon the throne of the cross, is publicly
proclaimed everlasting King of all people by the hand of
him who condemned him for usurping a kingdom.
19:237 Then the soldiers, when they had crucified Jesus, took
his garments, and made four parts, to every soldier a
part; and also [his] coat: now the coat was without seam,
woven from the top throughout.
(7) Christ signifies by the division of his garments amongst
the bloody butchers (except for his coat which had no seam)
that it will come to pass, that he will shortly divide his
benefits, and enrich his very enemies throughout the world:
but in such a way that the treasure of his Church will
19:258 Now there stood by the cross of Jesus his mother, and
his mother's sister, Mary the [wife] of Cleophas, and Mary
(8) Christ is a perfect example of all righteousness, not only
in the keeping of the first, but also of the second table
of the ten commandments.
19:289 After this, Jesus knowing that all things were now
accomplished, that the scripture might be fulfilled,
saith, I thirst.
(9) Christ when he has taken the vinegar, yields up the Spirit,
indeed drinking up in our name that most bitter and severe
cup of his Father's wrath.
19:29 Now there was set a c vessel full of vinegar: and they
filled a spunge with vinegar, and put [it] upon hyssop,
and put [it] to his mouth.
(c) Galatinus witnesses out of the book called Sanhedrin
that the Jews often gave those who were executed
vinegar mixed with frankincense to drink, to make them
somewhat delirious: so the Jews provided charitably
for the poor men's conscience who were executed.
19:3110 The Jews therefore, because it was the preparation,
that the bodies should not remain upon the cross on the
sabbath day, (for that sabbath day was an high day,)
besought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and
[that] they might be taken away.
(10) The body of Christ which was dead for a season (because it
so pleased him) is wounded, but not the least bone of it
is broken: and such is the state of his resurrection body.
19:3411 But one of the soldiers with a spear d pierced his
side, and forthwith came there out blood and water.
(11) Christ, being dead upon the cross, witnesses by a double
sign that he alone is the true satisfaction, and the true
washing for the believers.
(d) This wound was a most manifest witness of the death of
Christ: for the water that issued out by this wound
shows us plainly that the weapon pierced the very skin
that encompasses the heart, and this skin is the
vessel that contains the water; and once that is
wounded, the creature which is so pierced and stricken
has no choice but to die.
19:3812 And after this Joseph of Arimathaea, being a disciple
of Jesus, but secretly for fear of the Jews, besought
Pilate that he might take away the body of Jesus: and
Pilate gave [him] leave. He came therefore, and took the
body of Jesus.
(12) Christ is openly buried, and in a famous place, Pilate
permitting and allowing it, and buried by men who showed
favour to Christ in doing this, men who had before that
day never openly followed him: so that by his burial, no
man can justly doubt either of his death, or resurrection.
19:41 Now in the place where he was crucified there was a
garden; and in the garden a new sepulchre, wherein was e
never man yet laid.
(e) That no man might frivolously object to his
resurrection, as though someone else that had been
buried there had risen; Theophylact.