6:2 And the hand of Midian prevailed against Israel: a [and]
because of the Midianites the children of Israel made them
the dens which [are] in the mountains, and caves, and strong
(a) For fear of the Midianites, they fled into the dens of
6:4 And they encamped against them, and destroyed the increase
of the earth, till thou come unto b Gaza, and left no
sustenance for Israel, neither sheep, nor ox, nor ass.
(b) Even almost the whole country.
6:6 And Israel was greatly impoverished because of the
Midianites; and the c children of Israel cried unto the
(c) This is the purpose of God's punishments, to call his to
repentance, that they may seek help from him.
6:13 And Gideon said unto him, d Oh my Lord, if the LORD be
with us, why then is all this befallen us? and where [be]
all his miracles which our fathers told us of, saying, Did
not the LORD bring us up from Egypt? but now the LORD hath
forsaken us, and delivered us into the hands of the
(d) This came not from distrust, but from weakness of
faith, which is in the most perfect: for no man in this
life can have a perfect faith: yet the children of God
have a true faith, by which they are justified.
6:14 And the e LORD looked upon him, and said, Go in this thy
f might, and thou shalt save Israel from the hand of the
Midianites: have not I sent thee?
(e) That is, Christ appearing in visible form.
(f) Which I have given to you.
6:17 And he said unto him, If now I have found grace in thy
sight, then shew me g a sign that thou talkest with me.
(g) So that we see how the flesh is the enemy of God's
calling, which cannot be persuaded without signs.
6:19 And Gideon went in, and made ready a kid, and unleavened
cakes of an h ephah of flour: the flesh he put in a
basket, and he put the broth in a pot, and brought [it] out
unto him under the oak, and presented [it].
6:21 Then the angel of the LORD put forth the end of the staff
that [was] in his hand, and touched the flesh and the
unleavened cakes; and there rose up fire i out of the
rock, and consumed the flesh and the unleavened cakes. Then
the angel of the LORD departed out of his sight.
(i) By the power of God only, as in the sacrifice of
Elijah, (1Ki 18:38).
6:25 And it came to pass the same night, that the LORD said unto
him, Take thy father's young bullock, even the second
bullock k of seven years old, and throw down the altar of
Baal that thy father hath, and cut down the grove that [is]
(k) That is, as the Chaldea text writes, fed seven years.
6:26 And build an altar unto the LORD thy God upon the top of
this rock, in the ordered place, and take the second
bullock, and offer a burnt sacrifice with the wood of the
l grove which thou shalt cut down.
(l) Which grew about Baal's altar.
6:28 And when the men of the city arose early in the morning,
behold, the altar of Baal was cast down, and the grove was
cut down that [was] by it, and the m second bullock was
offered upon the altar [that was] built.
(m) Meaning, the fat bull, which was kept to be offered to
6:31 And Joash said unto all that stood against him, Will ye
plead for Baal? will ye save him? n he that will plead
for him, let him be put to death whilst [it is yet]
morning: if he [be] a god, let him plead for himself,
because [one] hath cast down his altar.
(n) Thus we ought to justify those who are zealous of God's
cause, though all the multitude are against us.
6:34 But the Spirit of the LORD came upon Gideon, and he blew a
trumpet; and o Abiezer was gathered after him.
(o) The family of Abiezer, of which he was.
6:36 And Gideon said unto God, p If thou wilt save Israel by
mine hand, as thou hast said,
(p) This request proceeds not from infidelity, but that he
might be confirmed in his calling.
6:40 And God did so that night: for it was q dry upon the
fleece only, and there was dew on all the ground.
(q) By which he was assured that it was a miracle of God.