5:2 Praise ye the LORD for the avenging of Israel, when the a
people willingly offered themselves.
(a) That is, the two tribes of Zebulun and Naphtali.
5:6 In the days of Shamgar the son of Anath, in the days of
Jael, the highways were b unoccupied, and the travellers
walked through byways.
(b) For fear of the enemies.
5:7 [The inhabitants of] the villages ceased, they ceased in
Israel, until that I Deborah arose, that I arose a c
mother in Israel.
(c) Miraculously stirred up by God to pity them and deliver
5:8 They chose new gods; then [was] war in the gates: was there
a d shield or spear seen among forty thousand in Israel?
(d) They had no heart to resist their enemies.
5:10 Speak, ye that ride on e white asses, ye that sit f in
judgment, and walk by the way.
(e) You governors.
(f) Or by Middin, as in danger of your enemies.
5:12 Awake, awake, Deborah: awake, awake, utter a song: arise,
Barak, and lead h thy captivity captive, thou son of
(h) That is, they who kept your people in captivity.
5:14 Out of Ephraim i [was there] a root of them against
Amalek; after thee, Benjamin, among thy people; out of
Machir came down governors, and out of Zebulun they that
handle the pen of the writer.
(i) Joshua first fought against Amalek, and Saul destroyed
5:15 And the princes of Issachar [were] with Deborah; even l
Issachar, and also Barak: he was sent on foot into the
valley. For the divisions of Reuben [there were] great
m thoughts of heart.
(l) Even the whole tribe.
(m) They marvelled that they did not cross the Jordan to
5:17n Gilead abode beyond Jordan: and why did Dan remain in
ships? Asher continued on the sea shore, and abode in his
(n) She reproves all those who did not come to help their
brethren in their time of need.
(o) Either by hearing of the sea, or by mining,
5:19 The kings came [and] fought, then fought the kings of
Canaan in Taanach by the waters of Megiddo; they took no
gain of p money.
(p) They won nothing, but lost all.
5:21 The river of Kishon q swept them away, that ancient
river, the river Kishon. O my soul, thou hast trodden down
(q) As a broom does to the filth of the house.
5:23 Curse ye r Meroz, said the angel of the LORD, curse ye
bitterly the inhabitants thereof; because they came not to
the help of the LORD, to the help of the LORD against the
(r) It was a city near Tabor, where they fought.
5:25 He asked water, [and] she gave [him] milk; she brought
forth s butter in a lordly dish.
(s) Some read churned milk in a great cup.
5:29 Her wise ladies answered her, yea, t she returned answer
(t) That is, she comforted herself.
5:30 Have they not sped? have they [not] divided the prey; to
every man a damsel [or] two; to Sisera a prey of divers
colours, a prey of divers colours of needlework, of divers
colours of needlework on both sides, [meet] u for the
necks of [them that take] the spoil?
(u) Because he was chief of the army.
5:31 So let all thine enemies perish, O LORD: but [let] them
that love him [be] as the x sun when he goeth forth in
his might. And the land had rest forty years.
(x) Shall grow daily more and more in God's favour.