20:1 And Abraham journeyed from thence toward the south country,
and dwelled between Kadesh and a Shur, and sojourned in
(a) Which was toward Egypt.
20:2 And Abraham said of Sarah his wife, b She [is] my sister:
and Abimelech king of Gerar sent, and took Sarah.
(b) Abraham had now twice fallen into this sin: such is
20:3 But God came to Abimelech in a dream by night, and said to
him, Behold, c thou [art but] a dead man, for the woman
which thou hast taken; for she [is] a man's wife.
(c) So greatly God detests the breach of marriage.
20:4 But Abimelech had not come near her: and he said, Lord,
wilt thou slay also d a righteous nation?
(d) The infidels confessed that God would not punish but
for just occasion: therefore, when he punishes, the
occasion is just.
20:5 Said he not unto me, She [is] my sister? and she, even she
herself said, He [is] my brother: in the integrity of my
e heart and f innocency of my hands have I done this.
(e) As one falling by ignorance, and not doing evil on
(f) Not thinking to do any man harm.
20:6 And God said unto him in a dream, Yea, I know that thou
didst this in the integrity of thy heart; for I also g
withheld thee from sinning against me: therefore suffered I
thee not to touch her.
(g) God by his holy Spirit restrains those who offend in
ignorance, that they not fall into greater offence..
20:7 Now therefore restore the man [his] wife; for he [is] a h
prophet, and he i shall pray for thee, and thou shalt
live: and if thou restore [her] not, know thou that thou
shalt surely die, thou, and all that [are] thine.
(h) That is, one to whom God reveals himself familiarly.
(i) For the prayer of the godly is of force towards God.
20:9 Then Abimelech called Abraham, and said unto him, What hast
thou done unto us? and what have I offended thee, that thou
hast brought on me and on my k kingdom a great sin? thou
hast done deeds unto me that ought not to be done.
(k) The wickedness of the king brings God's wrath on the
20:11 And Abraham said, Because I thought, Surely the l fear
of God [is] not in this place; and they will slay me for
my wife's sake.
(l) He shows that no honesty can be hoped for, where there
is no fear of God.
20:12 And yet indeed [she is] my m sister; she [is] the
daughter of my father, but not the daughter of my mother;
and she became my wife.
(m) By sister, he means his full cousin, and by daughter
Abraham's niece, (Ge 11:29) for so the Hebrews use
20:16 And unto Sarah he said, Behold, I have given thy brother a
thousand [pieces] of silver: behold, he [is] to thee a n
covering of the eyes, unto all that [are] with thee, and
with all [other]: o thus she was reproved.
(n) Such a head as with whom you may be preserved from all
(o) God caused this heathen king to reprove her because
she concealed her identity, seeing that God had given
her a husband as her veil and defence.
20:18 For the LORD p had fast closed up all the wombs of the
house of Abimelech, because of Sarah Abraham's wife.
(p) Had taken away from them the gift of conceiving.