19:1 And there came two a angels to Sodom at even; and Lot sat
in the gate of Sodom: and Lot seeing [them] rose up to meet
them; and he bowed himself with his face toward the ground;
(a) In which we see God's provident care in preserving his:
even though he does not reveal himself to all alike:
for Lot had but two angels, and Abraham three.
19:3 And b he pressed upon them greatly; and they turned in
unto him, and entered into his house; and he made them a
feast, and did bake unleavened bread, and they c did eat.
(b) That is, he begged them so insistently.
(c) Not because they had need, but because the time was not
yet come for them to reveal themselves.
19:4 But before they lay down, the men of the city, [even] the
men of Sodom, compassed the house round, both old and
young, d all the people from every quarter:
(d) Nothing is more dangerous than to live where sin
reigns: for it corrupts all.
19:8 Behold now, I have two e daughters which have not known
man; let me, I pray you, bring them out unto you, and do ye
to them as [is] good in your eyes: only unto these men do
nothing; f for therefore came they under the shadow of my
(e) He deserves praise for defending his guests, but he is
to be blamed for seeking unlawful means.
(f) That I should preserve them from all injury.
19:13 For g we will destroy this place, because the cry of
them is waxen great before the face of the LORD; and the
LORD hath sent us to destroy it.
(g) This proves that the angels are ministers, both to
execute God's wrath and to declare his favour.
19:16 And while he h lingered, the men laid hold upon his
hand, and upon the hand of his wife, and upon the hand of
his two daughters; the LORD being merciful unto him: and
they brought him forth, and set him without the city.
(h) The mercy of God strives to overcome man's slowness in
following God's calling.
19:17 And it came to pass, when they had brought them forth
abroad, that he said, Escape for thy life; i look not
behind thee, neither stay thou in all the plain; escape to
the mountain, lest thou be consumed.
(i) He willed him to flee God's judgments and not to be
sorry to leave that rich country, full of vain
19:20 Behold now, this city [is] near to flee unto, and it [is]
a little one: Oh, let me escape thither, ([is] it not a
k little one?) and my soul shall live.
(k) Though it is little, yet it is great enough to save my
life: in which he errs by choosing another place than
the angel had appointed him.
19:22 Haste thee, escape thither; for I l cannot do any thing
till thou be come thither. Therefore the name of the city
was called m Zoar.
(l) Because God's commandment was to destroy the city and
to save Lot.
(m) Which before was called Belah, in (Ge 14:2).
19:26 But his wife looked back from behind him, and she became a
n pillar of salt.
(n) Concerning the body only: this was a notable monument
of God's vengeance to all who passed that way.
19:30 And Lot went up out of Zoar, and dwelt in the mountain,
and his two daughters with him; for he o feared to dwell
in Zoar: and he dwelt in a cave, he and his two daughters.
(o) Having felt God's mercy, he did not dare provoke him
again by continuing among the wicked.
19:31 And the firstborn said unto the younger, Our father [is]
old, and [there is] not a man in the p earth to come in
unto us after the manner of all the earth:
(p) Meaning in the country which the Lord had now
19:32 Come, let us make our father q drink wine, and we will
lie with him, that we may preserve seed of our father.
(q) For unless he had been drunk, he would never have done
that abominable act.
19:36 Thus were r both the daughters of Lot with child by
(r) Thus God permitted him to fall most horribly in the
solitary mountains, whom the wickedness of Sodom could
19:37 And the firstborn bare a son, and called his name Moab:
the same [is] the father of the s Moabites unto this
(s) Who as they were born in most horrible incest, so were
they and their posterity vile and wicked.
19:38 And the younger, she also bare a son, and called his name
t Benammi: the same [is] the father of the children of
Ammon unto this day.
(t) That is, son of my people: signifying that they
rejoiced in their sin, rather than repenting of it.