14:2 Speak unto the children of Israel, that they a turn and
encamp before b Pihahiroth, between Migdol and the sea,
over against Baalzephon: before it shall ye encamp by the
(a) From toward the country of the Philistines.
(b) So the Sea was before them, mountains on either side,
and the enemies at their back: yet they obeyed God, and
14:4 And I will harden Pharaoh's heart, that he shall follow
after them; and I will c be honoured upon Pharaoh, and
upon all his host; that the Egyptians may know that I [am]
the LORD. And they did so.
(c) By punishing his obstinate rebellion.
14:7 And he took six hundred chosen chariots, and d all the
chariots of Egypt, and captains over every one of them.
(d) Josephus writes that besides those chariots, there were
50,000 horsemen, and 80,000 footmen.
14:8 And the LORD hardened the heart of Pharaoh king of Egypt,
and he pursued after the children of Israel: and the
children of Israel went out with an e high hand.
(e) With great joy and boldness.
14:10 And when Pharaoh drew nigh, the children of Israel lifted
up their eyes, and, behold, the Egyptians marched after
them; and they were sore f afraid: and the children of
Israel cried out unto the LORD.
(f) They who earlier had rejoiced in their deliverance,
being now in danger, are afraid.
14:12 [Is] not this the word that we did tell thee in Egypt,
saying, Let g us alone, that we may serve the Egyptians?
For [it had been] better for us to serve the Egyptians,
than that we should die in the wilderness.
(g) Such is the impatience of the flesh, that it cannot
wait for God's appointed time.
14:14 The LORD shall fight for you, and ye shall h hold your
(h) Only put your trust in God without grudging or
14:15 And the LORD said unto Moses, Wherefore i criest thou
unto me? speak unto the children of Israel, that they go
(i) Thus in temptation faith fights against the flesh, and
cries with inward groanings to the Lord.
14:20 And it came between the camp of the Egyptians and the camp
of Israel; and it was a cloud and darkness [to them], but
it gave k light by night [to these]: so that the one
came not near the other all the night.
(k) The cloud gave light to the Israelites, but to the
Egyptians it was darkness, so that their two groups
could not join together.
14:24 And it came to pass, that in the morning l watch the
LORD looked unto the host of the Egyptians through the
pillar of fire and of the cloud, and troubled the host of
(l) Which was about the last three hours of the night.
14:27 And Moses stretched forth his hand over the sea, and the
sea returned to his strength when the morning appeared;
and the Egyptians fled against it; and the LORD m
overthrew the Egyptians in the midst of the sea.
(m) So, using the water, the Lord saved his own and
drowned his enemies.
14:31 And Israel saw that great work which the LORD did upon the
Egyptians: and the people feared the LORD, and believed
the LORD, and his n servant Moses.
(n) That is, the doctrine which he taught them in the Name
of the Lord.