1:1 Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the a will of God, and
Timotheus [our] brother,
(a) By the free bountifulness of God.
1:2 To the saints and faithful brethren in Christ which are at
b Colosse: Grace [be] unto you, and peace, from God our
Father and the Lord Jesus Christ.
(b) Colosse is situated in Phrygia, not far from Hierapolis
and Laodicea, on that side that faces toward Lycia and
1:31 We give thanks to God and the c Father of our Lord
Jesus Christ, praying always for you,
(1) He commends the doctrine that was delivered to them by
Epaphras, and their readiness in receiving it.
(c) We cannot otherwise think of God to be our salvation,
except that he is Christ's Father, in whom we are
1:5 For the d hope which is laid up for you in heaven, whereof
ye heard before in the word of the truth of the gospel;
(d) For the glory that is hoped for.
1:82 Who also declared unto us your love in the e Spirit.
(2) He declares his good will towards them, telling them that
they must not still remain at one place, but go on further
both in the knowledge of the Gospel, and also in the true
use of it.
(e) Your spiritual love, or your love which comes from the
1:9 For this cause we also, since the day we heard [it], do not
cease to pray for you, and to desire that ye might be filled
with the knowledge of f his will in all wisdom and
(f) God's will.
1:113 Strengthened with all might, according to his glorious
power, unto all patience and longsuffering with g
(3) The gift of continuance is not from us, but it proceeds
from the power of God, which he freely gives us.
(g) It must not be unwilling, and as it were drawn out of
us by force, but proceed from a merry and joyful mind.
1:124 Giving thanks unto the 5 Father, which hath made us
meet to be partakers of the inheritance of the saints in
(4) Having ended the preface, he goes to the matter itself,
that is to say, to an excellent description (although it is
but short) of complete Christianity, which is fitly divided
into three treatises: for first of all he expounds the true
doctrine according to the order of the causes, beginning
from this verse to (Col 1:12-21). And from there he
begins to apply the same to the Colossians with various
exhortations to (Col 1:22-2:6). And last of all in the
third place, even to (Col 2:6-23), he refutes the
corruptions of true doctrine.
(5) The efficient cause of our salvation is only the mercy of
God the Father, who makes us fit to be partakers of eternal
life, delivering us from the darkness in which we were born,
and bringing us to the light of the knowledge of the glory
of his Son.
(h) In that glorious and heavenly kingdom.
1:146 In whom we have redemption through his blood, [even]
the forgiveness of sins:
(6) The matter itself of our salvation is Christ the Son of
God, who has obtained remission of sins for us by the
offering up of himself.
1:157 Who is the image of the invisible God, i the
firstborn of every creature:
(7) A graphic description of the person of Christ, by which we
understand, that in him alone God shows himself to be seen:
who was begotten of the Father before anything was made,
that is, from everlasting. And by him also all things that
are made, were made without any exception, by whom also
they continue to exist, and whose glory they serve.
(i) Begotten before anything was made: and therefore the
everlasting Son of the everlasting Father.
1:16 For by him were all things created, that are in heaven, and
that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether [they be]
k thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers:
all things were created by him, and for him:
(k) He sets forth the angels with glorious names, so that
by the comparison of most excellent spirits, we may
understand how far surpassing the excellency of Christ
is, in whom alone we have to content ourselves with,
and let go of all angels.
1:188 And he is the head of the body, the church: who is the
beginning, the l firstborn from the dead; that in all
[things] he might have the preeminence.
(8) Having gloriously declared the excellent dignity of the
person of Christ, he describes his office and function,
that is, that he is the same to the Church as the head is
to the body, that is to say, the prince and governor of it,
and the very beginning of true life. And as he rose first
from death, he is the author of eternal life, so that he
is above all, in whom alone there is most plentiful
abundance of all good things, which is poured out upon the
(l) Who so rose again that he should die no more, and who
raises others from death to life by his power.
1:19 For it pleased [the Father] that in him should m all
(m) Most plentiful abundance of all things pertaining to
1:209 And, having made peace through the blood of his cross,
by him to reconcile n all things unto himself; by him, [I
say], whether [they be] things in earth, or things in
(9) Now he teaches how Christ executed that office which his
Father gave and commanded to him, that is, by suffering the
death of the cross (which was joined with the curse of God)
according to his decree, that by this sacrifice he might
reconcile to his Father all men, both those who believed in
the Christ to come, and were already under this hope
gathered into heaven, as well as those who should upon the
earth believe in him afterwards. And in this way
justification is described by the apostle, which is one and
the chiefest part of the benefit of Christ.
(n) The whole Church.
1:2110 And you, that were sometime alienated and enemies in
[your] mind by wicked works, yet now hath o he reconciled
(10) Sanctification is another work of God in us by Christ, in
that that he restored us (who hated God extremely and were
wholly and willingly given to sin) to his gracious favour
in such a way that he in addition purifies us with his
Holy Spirit, and consecrates us to righteousness.
(o) The Son.
1:22 In the body of his p flesh through death, to present you
holy and unblameable and unreproveable in his sight:
(p) In that fleshly body, to show us that his body was not
an unreal body, but a real one.
1:2311 If ye continue in the faith grounded and settled, and
[be] not moved away from the hope of the gospel, which ye
have heard, [and] which was preached to q every creature
which is under heaven; 12 whereof I Paul am made a
(11) The second treatise of this part of the epistle, in which
he exhorts the Colossians not to allow themselves by any
means to be moved from this doctrine, showing and
declaring that there is nowhere else any other true
(q) To all men: by which we learn that the Gospel was not
confined to Judea alone.
(12) He gains authority for this doctrine by his apostleship,
and takes a most sure proof of it, that is, his
afflictions, which he suffers for Christ's name, to
instruct the Churches with these examples of patience.
1:24 Who now rejoice in my sufferings for r you, and fill up
s that which is behind of the afflictions of Christ in my
flesh for his body's sake, which is the church:
(r) For our profit and benefit.
(s) The afflictions of the Church are said to be Christ's
afflictions, by reason of that fellowship and knitting
together that the body and the head have with one
another. And this is not because there is any more need
to have the Church redeemed, but because Christ shows
his power in the daily weakness of his own, and that
for the comfort of the whole body.
1:2513 Whereof I am made a minister, according to the
dispensation of God which is given to me for you, to fulfil
the word of God;
(13) He brings another proof of his apostleship, that is, that
God is the author of it, by whom also he was appointed
especially as apostle for the Gentiles, to the end that by
this means, that same might be fulfilled by him, which the
Prophets foretold concerning the calling of the Gentiles.
1:26 [Even] the mystery which hath been hid from ages and from
generations, but now is made manifest to his t saints:
(t) Whom he chose to sanctify to himself in Christ.
Moreover, he says that the mystery of our redemption
was hidden since the world began, except that it was
revealed to a few, who also were taught it
1:27 To whom God u would make known what [is] the riches of
the glory of this mystery among the Gentiles; which is
Christ in you, the hope of glory:
(u) In this way Paul restrains the curiosity of men.
1:2814 Whom we preach, warning every man, and teaching every
man in x all wisdom; that we may present every man
perfect in Christ Jesus:
(14) He protests that he faithfully executes his apostleship in
every place, bringing men to Christ only through the
Lord's plentiful blessing of his labours.
(x) Perfect and sound wisdom, which is perfect in itself,
and will in the end make those perfect who follow it.