6:1 Let 1 as many servants as are under the yoke count their
own masters worthy of all honour, 2 that the name of God
and [his] doctrine be not blasphemed.
(1) He adds also rules for the servant's duty towards their
masters: upon which matter there were no doubt many
questions asked by those who took occasion by the Gospel to
trouble the normal manner of life. And this is the first
rule: let servants that have come to the faith and have the
unfaithful for their masters, serve them nonetheless with
(2) The reason: lest God should seem by the doctrine of the
Gospel to stir up men to rebellion and all wickedness.
6:23 And they that have believing masters, let them not
despise [them], because they are brethren; but rather do
[them] service, because they are faithful and beloved, a
partakers of the benefit. 4 These things teach and exhort.
(3) The second rule: let not servants that have come to the
faith, and have also masters of the same profession and
religion, abuse the name of brotherhood, but let them so
much the rather obey them.
(a) Let this be sufficient, that with regard to those things
which pertain to everlasting life, they are partakers
of the same good will and love of God, as their masters
(4) A general conclusion, that these things ought not only to
be simply taught, but must with exhortations be diligently
learned by them.
6:35 If any man teach otherwise, and consent not to wholesome
words, [even] the words of our Lord Jesus Christ, and to the
doctrine which is according to godliness;
(5) He severely condemns and excommunicates or casts out of the
Church as proud men, those who do not content themselves
with Christ's doctrine, (that is to say, the doctrine of
godliness) but weary both themselves and others, in vain
questions (for all other things are vain), because they do
not content themselves in Christ's doctrine. He condemns
them as lying deceivers, because they savour or sound of
nothing but vanity: as mad men, because they trouble
themselves so much in matters of nothing: as evil
plagues, because they cause great contentions, and corrupt
men's minds and judgment. To be short, he condemns them as
profane and wicked, because they abuse the precious name of
godliness and religion, for the sake of wicked gain.
6:4 He is proud, knowing nothing, but doting about questions and
b strifes of words, whereof cometh envy, strife, railings,
(b) Strivings about words, and not about matter: and by
words he means all those things which do not have
substance in them, and by which we can reap no profit.
6:5 Perverse c disputings of men of corrupt minds, and
destitute of the truth, supposing that gain is godliness:
from such withdraw thyself.
(c) Such as we see in those shameless schools of popery,
which are nothing else but vain babbling and foolish
6:66 But godliness with contentment is great gain.
(6) He properly dismisses the name of gain and lucre,
confessing that godliness is great gain, but in a far
different manner, that is, because it brings true
6:77 For we brought nothing into [this] world, [and it is]
certain we can carry nothing out.
(7) He mocks the folly of those who do so greedily hunger after
frail things, who can in no way be satisfied, and
yet nonetheless cannot enjoy their excess.
6:98 But they that will be rich fall into temptation and a
snare, and [into] many foolish and hurtful lusts, which
drown men in destruction and perdition.
(8) He puts fear into Timothy to avoid covetousness using a
different reasoning, that is, because it draws with it an
infinite sort of lusts and those very hurtful, with which
covetous men do torment themselves to the degree that in
the end, they cast away from them their faith and
6:10 For the love of money is the root of all evil: which while
some coveted after, they have erred from the faith, and d
pierced themselves through with many sorrows.
(d) Sorrow and grief do as it were pierce through the mind
of man, and are the harvest and true fruits of
6:119 But thou, O e man of God, flee these things; and
follow after righteousness, godliness, faith, love,
(9) A peculiar exhortation to various virtues, with which it
appropriate for the pastors especially to be furnished.
(e) Whom the Spirit of God rules.
6:1310 I give thee charge in the sight of God, who quickeneth
all things, and [before] Christ Jesus, who before Pontius
Pilate witnessed a good confession;
(10) A most earnest request and charge, to observe and keep all
the things faithfully, with our eyes set upon the coming
of Jesus Christ, whose glory we have to contrast with the
vain glittering of this world, and his power with all the
terrors of the wicked.
6:15 Which in his times he shall shew, [who is] the f blessed
and only Potentate, the King of kings, and Lord of lords;
(f) He combines many words together for one purpose: by
which he confirms the power of God, which if we trust
steadfastly in, we will not be moved out of our
6:1711 Charge them that are rich in g this world, that they
be not highminded, nor trust in uncertain riches, but in
the h living God, who giveth us richly all things to
(11) He adds as an overabundance as it were a sharp admonition
to the rich, that they mainly take heed of two evils,
that is, of pride, and deceitful hope, against which he
sets three excellent virtues, hope in the living God,
liberality towards their neighbour, and gentle conditions.
(g) In things pertaining to this life, with whom those men
are compared who are rich in good works.
(h) Who alone is, and that everlasting: for he sets the
frail nature of riches against God.
6:1912 Laying up in store for themselves a good foundation
against the time to come, that they may lay hold on eternal
(12) The praise of liberality, by the effects of it, because it
is a sure testimony of the Spirit of God who dwells in
us, and therefore of the salvation that will be given to
6:2013 O Timothy, keep that which is committed to thy trust,
avoiding profane [and] vain babblings, and oppositions of
science falsely so called:
(13) He repeats the most important of all the former
exhortations, which ought to be deeply imprinted in the
minds of all ministers of the word, that is, that they
avoid all vain babblings of false wisdom, and continue in
the simplicity of sincere doctrine.
6:21 Which some i professing have erred concerning the faith.
Grace [be] with thee. Amen. <<[The first to Timothy was
written from Laodicea, which is the chiefest city of
(i) Not only in word, but also in appearance and gesture:
to be short, while their behaviour was such that even
when they held their peace they would make men believe,
their heads were occupied about nothing but high and
lofty matters, and therefore they erred concerning the