SUMMARY.--Duties of Servants.
Life the Test of Doctrine.
The Blessedness of Contentment.
The Danger of the Love of Money.
Charge to the Man of God.
A Lesson for the Rich.
1, 2. Let as many servants as are under the yoke. Under the yoke
of slavery. The slaves were as numerous as the free population, and
many of the early Christians belonged to this class.
Count their own masters worthy of all honor. There was danger
that these converted slaves would despise their heathen masters. If
they were to do so, it would create a great odium against the 
Christian religion and lead to attempts to extirpate it. Slavery was to
be destroyed, not by putting a spirit of insubordination into slaves,
but by putting a Christian spirit into masters.
2. Because they are brethren. Converted slaves must not despise
their masters, because in the church they are equal. Rather, they must
serve them better, because they are beloved brethren, and partakers of
the benefit of their service.
3-5. If any man teach otherwise. Teach new doctrines or duties
which differ from the doctrine of Christ. See
4. He is proud. The idea is that he is blinded with pride, so
that he really knows nothing.
Doting. Morbidly dwelling upon foolish questions. He no doubt
refers to foolish disputes which had been sprung upon the church by
5. Thinking that gain is godliness. Men who have come into the
church for gain and think that godliness is a source of gain.
6-8. Godliness with contentment. In contrast with this false
view a godly life with contentment is a great gain. It brings its
greatest gain in eternity.
7. For we brought nothing. See
Since we must leave the earth as we came into it, contentment and an
immortal hope are better than earthly gains.
8. Having food and raiment. Having the necessities of life let
us be content without piling up wealth.
9, 10. They that will be rich. Who have set their heart on
Fall into temptation. Are tempted to do sinful things in order
to build up wealth. It is not much the possession of wealth, as
cupidity and a trust in riches, which constitute the danger. See notes
10. For the love of money is the root of all evil. Not the money
itself, which if used as by a steward of God is a blessing, so much as
the love of it. This greedy love is the source of every sin. Men
murder, cheat, lie, rob, run saloons, gambling houses, brothels, all
for the love of money. For love of money Judas sold his 
Some . . . have erred. Have wandered from the faith
through the love of money. Judas is one example.
11, 12. O man of God. This expression is used in the sense of an
evangelist devoted to God's work. See
1 Sam. 9:6, 8; 1 Kings 13:1, 4, 8.
Flee these things. The love of money. Instead of following after
money, seek after righteousness, etc.
12. Fight the good fight of faith. The thought is of a soldier.
The Christian life is a struggle. Oppose hurtful earthful lusts, but
eternal life.Hast professed a good profession. When called to eternal life.
"This refers probably to his baptism, when, as we know from very early
times, a public profession of faith was made."--Speaker's
Commentary. "The Divine call, and the confession of believers are
correlatives; they imply each other."--Bengel. Compare
13-16. I charge thee. See
The whole epistle is a charge, and here at the close Paul renews the
charge very solemnly.
Quickeneth. Giveth life to.
Who before Pontius Pilate witnessed a good confession. The Greek
may be rendered "under Pontius Pilate." Jesus before the Sanhedrim
confessed that he was the Christ, the Son of God,
and on that confession they condemned him to death and hurried him to
Pilate for execution.
I believed this is what Paul refers to. Though before Pilate our Lord
reaffirmed in substance this same confession.
14. That thou keep the commandment. Not one only, but the will
Until the appearing. The language seems to imply a feeling that
Christ would come in Timothy's time; at any rate Timothy is to keep
that in view.
15. Which in his time he shall show. In his own times. Man knows
not the day or hour.
The Blessed and only potentate. All power in heaven and earth had
been placed in Jesus Christ's hands
(Matt. 28:18; Rev. 17:14; 19:16).
16. Who only hath immortality. See
He is the source from whence there comes to man eternal life.
Dwelling in light. Surrounded by the divine splendors which no
mortal can gaze upon.
17-19. Charge them that are rich. Some in Ephesus had riches.
These must be humble and "condescend to men of low estate."
Their trust must be in God, rather than in uncertain riches. 
18. That they do good. The right use of wealth is given. Let it
be a means of doing good so that they may be rich in good works.
19. Laying up store. Treasure in heaven by giving for good
purposes. See close of
20, 21. O Timothy. A final exhortation to faithfully discharge
Oppositions of science. The wild speculations which were already
taught by dreamers and which were probably derived from Jewish sources.
These speculations a half century later had ripened into what was
called Gnosticism. Some had already run off after speculations and
departed from the faith. There are allusions in the Epistles to Ephesus
and Colosse to the germs of the same false teaching.