25:1 And Samuel died; and all the Israelites were gathered
together, and lamented him, and buried him in his a house
at Ramah. And David arose, and went down to the wilderness
(a) That is, among his own kindred.
25:2 And [there was] a man in b Maon, whose possessions [were]
in Carmel; and the man [was] very great, and he had three
thousand sheep, and a thousand goats: and he was shearing
his sheep in Carmel.
(b) Maon and Carmel were cities in the tribe of Judah.
Carmel the mountain was in Galilee.
25:6 And thus shall ye say c to him that liveth [in
prosperity], Peace [be] both to thee, and peace [be] to
thine house, and peace [be] unto all that thou hast.
(c) Or, for salvation.
25:8 Ask thy young men, and they will shew thee. Wherefore let
the young men find favour in thine eyes: for we come in a
good day: give, I pray thee, whatsoever d cometh to thine
hand unto thy servants, and to thy son David.
(d) Whatever you have ready for us.
25:10 And Nabal answered David's servants, and said, Who [is]
David? and who [is] the e son of Jesse? there be many
servants now a days that break away every man from his
(e) Thus the covetous wretches instead of relieving the
needs of God's children, reviled their persons and
condemned their cause.
25:15 But the men [were] very good f unto us, and we were not
hurt, neither missed we any thing, as long as we were
conversant with them, when we were in the fields:
(f) When we kept our sheep in the wilderness of Paran.
25:19 And she said unto her servants, Go on before me; behold, I
come after you. But she told not her g husband Nabal.
(g) Because she knew his crooked nature, that he would
rather die than agree to her enterprise.
25:22 So and more also do God unto the enemies of David, if I
leave of all that [pertain] to him by the morning light
any that h pisseth against the wall.
(h) Meaning by this proverb that he would destroy both
small and great.
25:26 Now therefore, my lord, [as] the LORD liveth, and [as] thy
soul liveth, seeing the LORD hath withholden thee from
coming to [shed] blood, and from avenging thyself with
thine own i hand, now let thine enemies, and they that
seek evil to my lord, be as Nabal.
(i) That is, that you should not be revenged by your
25:28 I pray thee, forgive the trespass of thine handmaid: for
the LORD will certainly make my lord a k sure house;
because my lord fighteth the battles of the LORD, and evil
hath not been found in thee [all] thy days.
(k) Confirm his kingdom to his posterity.
25:29 Yet l a man is risen to pursue thee, and to seek thy
soul: but the soul of my lord shall be bound in the m
bundle of life with the LORD thy God; and the souls of
thine enemies, them shall he sling out, [as out] of the
middle of a sling.
(l) That is, Saul.
(m) God will preserve you long in his service, and destroy
25:31 That this shall be no grief unto thee, nor offence of
heart unto my lord, either that thou hast shed blood
causeless, or that my lord hath n avenged himself: but
when the LORD shall have dealt well with my lord, then
remember thine handmaid.
(n) That he did not avenge himself, which would have
tormented his conscience.
25:33 And blessed [be] thy advice, and blessed [be] thou, which
hast kept me this day from coming to [shed] blood, o and
from avenging myself with mine own hand.
25:34 For in very deed, [as] the LORD God of Israel liveth, p
which hath kept me back from hurting thee, except thou
hadst hasted and come to meet me, surely there had not
been left unto Nabal by the morning light any that pisseth
against the wall.
(p) He attributes it to the Lord's mercy, and not to
himself that he was stayed.
25:36 And Abigail came to Nabal; and, behold, he held a feast in
his house, like the feast of a king; and Nabal's heart
[was] merry within him, for he [was] very drunken:
wherefore she told him q nothing, less or more, until
the morning light.
(q) For he had no reason either to consider, or to give
thanks for this great benefit of deliverance.
25:37 But it came to pass in the morning, when the wine was gone
out of Nabal, and his wife had told him these things, that
his heart died within him, and he became [as] r a stone.
(r) For fear of the great danger.
25:39 And when David heard that Nabal was dead, he said, Blessed
[be] the LORD, that hath pleaded the cause of my reproach
from the hand of Nabal, and hath kept his servant from
evil: for the LORD hath returned the wickedness of Nabal
upon his own head. And David sent and communed with
Abigail, to s take her to him to wife.
(s) For he had experienced her great godliness, wisdom and