Gad: Fortune; luck.
1. Jacob's seventh son, by Zilpah, Leah's handmaid, and the brother
(Genesis 30:11-13; 46:16,18) In the Authorized Version of
(Genesis 30:11) the words, "A troop cometh: and she called," etc.,
should rather be rendered, "In fortune [R.V., 'Fortunate']: and
she called," etc., or "Fortune cometh," etc. The tribe of Gad
during the march through the wilderness had their place with
Simeon and Reuben on the south side of the tabernacle
The tribes of Reuben and Gad continued all through their history
to follow the pastoral pursuits of the patriarchs
The portion allotted to the tribe of Gad was on the east of
Jordan, and comprehended the half of Gilead, a region of great
beauty and fertility
(Deuteronomy 3:12) bounded on the east by the
Arabian desert, on the west by the Jordan
(Joshua 13:27) and on
the north by the river Jabbok. It thus included the whole of the
Jordan valley as far north as to the Sea of Galilee, where it
narrowed almost to a point. This tribe was fierce and warlike;
they were "strong men of might, men of war for the battle, that
could handle shield and buckler, their faces the faces of lions,
and like roes upon the mountains for swiftness"
(1 Chronicles 12:8)
(1 Chronicles 5:19-22) Barzillai
(2 Samuel 17:27) and Elijah
(1 Kings 17:1)
were of this tribe. It was carried into captivity at the same
time as the other tribes of the northern kingdom by Tiglath-pileser
(1 Chronicles 5:26) and in the time of Jeremiah
(Jeremiah 49:1) their cities
were inhabited by the Ammonites.
2. A prophet who joined David in the "hold," and at whose advice he
quitted it for the forest of Hareth
(1 Chronicles 29:29; 2 Chronicles 29:25; 1 Samuel 22:5)
Many years after we find mention made of him in connection with the
punishment inflicted for numbering the people
(2 Samuel 24:11-19)
(1 Chronicles 21:9-19) He wrote a book called the "Acts of David"
(1 Chronicles 29:29) and assisted in the arrangements for the musical
services of the "house of God"
(2 Chronicles 29:25) He bore the title of
"the king's seer"
(2 Samuel 24:11,13; 1 Chronicles 21:9)