Amos: Borne; a burden, one of the twelve minor prophets. He was a native of
Tekota, the modern Tekua, a town about 12 miles south-east of
Bethlehem. He was a man of humble birth, neither a "prophet nor a
prophet's son," but "an herdman and a dresser of sycomore trees,"
R.V. He prophesied in the days of Uzziah, king of Judah, and was
contemporary with Isaiah and Hosea
(Amos 1:1; 7:14,15; Zechariah 14:5) who
survived him a few years. Under Jeroboam II. the kingdom of Israel
rose to the zenith of its prosperity; but that was followed by the
prevalence of luxury and vice and idolatry. At this period Amos was
called from his obscurity to remind the people of the law of God's
retributive justice, and to call them to repentance. The Book of Amos
consists of three parts:
2. The spiritual condition of Judah, and especially of Israel, is
described (Amos 2:4-6:14)
(Amos 7:1-9:10) are recorded five prophetic visions.
a. The first two
(Amos 7:1-6) refer to judgments against the
b. The next two
(Amos 7:7-9; 8:1-3) point out the ripeness of
the people for the threatened judgements.
consists of a conversation between the prophet and the
priest of Bethel.
c. The fifth describes the overthrow and ruin of Israel
(Amos 9:1-10) to which is added the promise of the restoration of the kingdom and
its final glory in the Messiah's kingdom. The style is peculiar in the number of
the allusions made to natural objects and to agricultural occupations. Other
allusions show also that Amos was a student of the law as well as a "child of
nature." These phrases are peculiar to him: "Cleanness of teeth" [i.e., want of
bread] (Amos 4:6) "The excellency of Jacob" (Amos 6:8; 8:7) "The high places of
Isaac" (Amos 7:9) "The house of Isaac" (Amos 7:16) "He that createth the wind" (Am
5:26) Quoted, (Acts 7:42)