Philip: Lover of horses.
1. One of the twelve apostles; a native of Bethsaida, "the city of
Andrew and Peter"
(John 1:44) He readily responded to the call of
Jesus when first addressed to him
(John 1:43) and forthwith
brought Nathanael also to Jesus
(John 1:45,46) He seems to have
held a prominent place among the apostles
(Matthew 10:3; Mark 3:18)
(John 6:5-7; 12:21,22; 14:8,9; Acts 1:13) Of his later life nothing is
certainly known. He is said to have preached in Phrygia, and to
have met his death at Hierapolis.
2. One of the "seven"
(Acts 6:5) called also "the evangelist"
(Acts 21:8,9) He was one of those who were "scattered abroad"
by the persecution that arose on the death of Stephen. He went
first to Samaria, where he laboured as an evangelist with much
(Acts 8:5-13) While he was there he received a divine
command to proceed toward the south, along the road leading from
Jerusalem to Gaza. These towns were connected by two roads. The
one Philip was directed to take was that which led through
Hebron, and thence through a district little inhabited, and
hence called "desert." As he travelled along this road he was
overtaken by a chariot in which sat a man of Ethiopia, the
eunuch or chief officer of Queen Candace, who was at that moment
reading, probably from the Septuagint version, a portion of the
prophecies of Isaiah
(Isaiah 53:6,7) Philip entered into
conversation with him, and expounded these verses, preaching to
him the glad tidings of the Saviour. The eunuch received the
message and believed, and was forthwith baptized, and then "went
on his way rejoicing." Philip was instantly caught away by the
Spirit after the baptism, and the eunuch saw him no more. He was
next found at Azotus, whence he went forth in his evangelistic
work till he came to Caesarea. He is not mentioned again for
about twenty years, when he is still found at Caesarea
(Acts 21:8) when Paul and his companions were on the way to
Jerusalem. He then finally disappears from the page of history.
3. Mentioned only in connection with the imprisonment of John the
(Matthew 14:3; Mark 6:17; Luke 3:19) He was the son of Herod the
Great, and the first husband of Herodias, and the father of
(See HEROD PHILIP I)
4. The "tetrarch of Ituraea"
(Luke 3:1) a son of Herod the Great, and
brother of Herod Antipas. The city of Caesarea-Philippi was
named partly after him
(Matthew 16:13; Mark 8:27)
(See HEROD PHILIP II)