Then came two into the court, and desired that they might
have leave to speak what they knew concerning the prisoner at
the bar: the name of the one was Search-Truth, and the name
of the other Vouch-Truth. So the Court demanded of these men
if they knew the prisoner, and what they could say concerning
him, 'for he stands,' said they, 'upon his own vindication.'
Then said Mr. Search-Truth, 'My Lord, I - '
COURT. Hold! give him his oath.
Then they sware him. So he proceeded.
SEARCH. My lord, I know and have known this man from a
child, and can attest that his name is False-Peace. I know
his father; his name was Mr. Flatter: and his mother, before
she was married, was called by the name of Mrs. Sooth-Up: and
these two, when they came together, lived not long without
this son; and when he was born, they called his name False-
Peace. I was his play-fellow, only I was somewhat older than
he; and when his mother did use to call him home from his
play, she used to say, 'False-Peace, False-Peace, come home
quick, or I'll fetch you.' Yea, I knew him when he sucked;
and though I was then but little, yet I can remember that
when his mother did use to sit at the door with him, or did
play with him in her arms, she would call him, twenty times
together, 'My little False-Peace! my pretty False-Peace!'
and, 'Oh! my sweet rogue, False-Peace!' and again, 'Oh! my
little bird, False-Peace!' and 'How do I love my child!' The
gossips also know it is thus, though he has had the face to
deny it in open court.
Then Mr. Vouch-Truth was called upon to speak what he knew of
him. So they sware him.
Then said Mr. Vouch-Truth, 'My lord, all that the former
witness hath said is true. His name is False-Peace, the son
of Mr. Flatter, and of Mrs. Sooth-Up, his mother: and I have
in former times seen him angry with those that have called
him anything else but False-Peace, for he would say that all
such did mock and nickname him; but this was in the time when
Mr. False-Peace was a great man, and when the Diabolonians
were the brave men in Mansoul.
COURT. Gentlemen, you have heard what these two men have
sworn against the prisoner at the bar. And now, Mr. False-
Peace, to you: you have denied your name to be False-Peace,
yet you see that these honest men have sworn that that is
your name. As to your plea, in that you are quite besides
the matter of your indictment, you are not by it charged for
evil-doing because you are a man of peace, or a peace-maker
among your neighbours; but for that you did wickedly and
satanically bring, keep, and hold the town of Mansoul, both
under its apostasy from, and in its rebellion against its
King, in a false, lying, and damnable peace, contrary to the
law of Shaddai, and to the hazard of the destruction of the
then miserable town of Mansoul. All that you have pleaded
for yourself is, that you have denied your name, etc.; but
here, you see, we have witnesses to prove that you are the
man. For the peace that you so much boast of making among
your neighbours, know that peace that is not a companion of
truth and holiness, but that which is without this
foundation, is grounded upon a lie, and is both deceitful and
damnable, as also the great Shaddai hath said. Thy plea,
therefore, has not delivered thee from what by the indictment
thou art charged with, but rather it doth fasten all upon
thee. But thou shalt have very fair play. Let us call the
witnesses that are to testify as to matter of fact, and see
what they have to say for our Lord the King against the
prisoner at the bar.
CLERK. Mr. Know-All, what say you for our Lord the King
against the prisoner at the bar?
KNOW. My lord, this man hath of a long time made it, to my
knowledge, his business to keep the town of Mansoul in a
sinful quietness in the midst of all her lewdness,
filthiness, and turmoils, and hath said, and that in my
hearing, Come, come, let us fly from all trouble, on what
ground soever it comes, and let us be for a quiet and
peaceable life, though it wanteth a good foundation.
CLERK. Come, Mr. Hate-Lies, what have you to say?
HATE. My lord, I have heard him say, that peace, though in a
way of unrighteousness, is better than trouble with truth.
CLERK. Where did you hear him say this?
HATE. I heard him say it in Folly-yard, at the house of one
Mr. Simple, next door to the sign of the Self-deceiver. Yea,
he hath said this to my knowledge twenty times in that place.
CLERK. We may spare further witness; this evidence is plain
and full. Set him by, gaoler, and set Mr. No-Truth to the
bar. Mr. No-Truth, thou art here indicted by the name of No-
Truth, (an intruder upon the town of Mansoul,) for that thou
hast always, to the dishonour of Shaddai, and the endangering
of the utter ruin of the famous town of Mansoul, set thyself
to deface, and utterly to spoil, all the remainders of the
law and image of Shaddai that have been found in Mansoul
after her deep apostasy from her king to Diabolus, the
envious tyrant. What sayest thou, art thou guilty of this
indictment, or not?
NO. Not guilty, my lord.
Then the witnesses were called, and Mr. Know-All did first
give in his evidence against him.
KNOW. My lord, this man was at the pulling down of the image
of Shaddai; yea, this is he that did it with his own hands.
I myself stood by and saw him do it, and he did it at the
commandment of Diabolus. Yea, this Mr. No-Truth did more
than this, he did also set up the horned image of the beast
Diabolus in the same place. This also is he that, at the
bidding of Diabolus, did rend and tear, and cause to be
consumed, all that he could of the remainders of the law of
the King, even whatever he could lay his hands on in Mansoul.
CLERK. Who saw him do this besides yourself?
HATE. I did, my lord, and so did many more besides; for this
was not done by stealth, or in a corner, but in the open view
of all; yea, he chose himself to do it publicly, for he
delighted in the doing of it.
CLERK. Mr. No-Truth, how could you have the face to plead
not guilty, when you were so manifestly the doer of all this
NO. Sir, I thought I must say something, and as my name is,
so I speak. I have been advantaged thereby before now, and
did not know but by speaking no truth, I might have reaped
the same benefit now.
CLERK. Set him by, gaoler, and set Mr. Pitiless to the bar.
Mr. Pitiless, thou art here indicted by the name of Pitiless,
(an intruder upon the town of Mansoul,) for that thou didst
most traitorously and wickedly shut up all bowels of
compassion, and wouldest not suffer poor Mansoul to condole
her own misery when she had apostatised from her rightful
King, but didst evade, and at all times turn her mind awry
from those thoughts that had in them a tendency to lead her
to repentance. What sayest thou to this indictment? Guilty
or not guilty?
'Not guilty of pitilessness: all I did was to cheer up,
according to my name, for my name is not Pitiless, but Cheer-
up; and I could not abide to see Mansoul inclined to
CLERK. How! do you deny your name, and say it is not
Pitiless, but Cheer-up? Call for the witnesses. What say
you, the witnesses, to this plea?
KNOW. My lord, his name is Pitiless; so he hath written
himself in all papers of concern wherein he has had to do.
But these Diabolonians love to counterfeit their names: Mr.
Covetousness covers himself with the name of Good-Husbandry,
or the like; Mr. Pride can, when need is, call himself Mr.
Neat, Mr. Handsome, or the like; and so of all the rest of
CLERK. Mr. Tell-True, what say you?
TELL. His name is Pitiless, my lord. I have known him from
a child, and he hath done all that wickedness whereof he
stands charged in the indictment; but there is a company of
them that are not acquainted with the danger of damning,
therefore they call all those melancholy that have serious
thoughts how that state should be shunned by them.
CLERK. Set Mr. Haughty to the bar, gaoler. Mr. Haughty,
thou art here indicted by the name of Haughty, (an intruder
upon the town of Mansoul,) for that thou didst most
traitorously and devilishly teach the town of Mansoul to
carry it loftily and stoutly against the summons that was
given them by the captains of the King Shaddai. Thou didst
also teach the town of Mansoul to speak contemptuously and
vilifyingly of their great King Shaddai; and didst moreover
encourage, both by words and examples, Mansoul, to take up
arms both against the King and his son Emmanuel. How sayest
thou, art thou guilty of this indictment, or not?
HAUGHTY. Gentlemen, I have always been a man of courage and
valour, and have not used, when under the greatest clouds, to
sneak or hang down the head like a bulrush; nor did it at all
at any time please me to see men veil their bonnets to those
that have opposed them; yea, though their adversaries seemed
to have ten times the advantage of them. I did not use to
consider who was my foe, nor what the cause was in which I
was engaged. It was enough to me if I carried it bravely,
fought like a man, and came off a victor.
COURT. Mr. Haughty, you are not here indicted for that you
have been a valiant man, nor for your courage and stoutness
in times of distress, but for that you have made use of this
your pretended valour to draw the town of Mansoul into acts
of rebellion both against the great King, and Emmanuel his
Son. This is the crime and the thing wherewith thou art
charged in and by the indictment.
But he made no answer to that.
Now when the Court had thus far proceeded against the
prisoners at the bar, then they put them over to the verdict
of their jury, to whom they did apply themselves after this
'Gentlemen of the jury, you have been here, and have seen
these men; you have heard their indictments, their pleas, and
what the witnesses have testified against them: now what
remains, is, that you do forthwith withdraw yourselves to
some place, where without confusion you may consider of what
verdict, in a way of truth and righteousness, you ought to
bring in for the King against them, and so bring it in
Then the jury, to wit, Mr. Belief, Mr. True-Heart, Mr.
Upright, Mr. Hate-bad, Mr. Love-God, Mr. See-Truth, Mr.
Heavenly-Mind, Mr. Moderate, Mr. Thankful, Mr. Humble, Mr.
Good-Work, and Mr. Zeal-for-God, withdrew themselves in order
to their work. Now when they were shut up by themselves,
they fell to discourse among themselves in order to the
drawing up of their verdict.
And thus Mr. Belief (for he was the foreman) began:
'Gentlemen,' quoth he, 'for the men, the prisoners at the
bar, for my part I believe that they all deserve death.'
'Very right,' said Mr. True-Heart; 'I am wholly of your
opinion.' 'Oh what a mercy is it,' said Mr. Hate-Bad, 'that
such villains as these are apprehended!' 'Ay! ay!' said Mr.
Love-God, 'this is one of the joyfullest days that ever I saw
in my life.' Then said Mr. See-Truth, 'I know that if we
judge them to death, our verdict shall stand before Shaddai
himself' 'Nor do I at all question it,' said Mr. Heavenly-
Mind; he said, moreover, 'When all such beasts as these are
cast out of Mansoul, what a goodly town will it be then!'
'Then,' said Mr. Moderate, 'it is not my manner to pass my
judgment with rashness; but for these their crimes are so
notorious, and the witness so palpable, that that man must be
wilfully blind who saith the prisoners ought not to die.'
'Blessed be God,' said Mr. Thankful, 'that the traitors are
in safe custody.' 'And I join with you in this upon my bare
knees,' said Mr. Humble. 'I am glad also,' said Mr. Good-
Work. Then said the warm man, and true-hearted Mr. Zeal-for-
God, 'Cut them off; they have been the plague, and have
sought the destruction of Mansoul.'
Thus, therefore, being all agreed in their verdict, they come
instantly into the Court.
CLERK. Gentlemen of the jury, answer all to your names: Mr.
Belief, one; Mr. True-Heart, two; Mr. Upright, three; Mr.
Hate-Bad, four; Mr. Love-God, five; Mr. See-Truth, six; Mr.
Heavenly-mind, seven; Mr. Moderate, eight; Mr. Thankful,
nine; Mr. Humble, ten; Mr. Good-Work, eleven; and Mr. Zeal-
for-God, twelve. Good men and true, stand together in your
verdict: are you all agreed?
JURY. Yes, my lord.
CLERK. Who shall speak for you?
JURY. Our foreman.
CLERK. You, the gentlemen of the jury, being empannelled for
our Lord the King, to serve here in a matter of life and
death, have heard the trials of each of these men, the
prisoners at the bar: what say you? are they guilty of that,
and those crimes for which they stand here indicted, or are
they not guilty?
FOREMAN. Guilty, my lord.
CLERK. Look to your prisoners, gaoler.
This was done in the morning, and in the afternoon they
received the sentence of death according to the law.
The gaoler, therefore, having received such a charge, put
them all in the inward prison, to preserve them there till
the day of execution, which was to be the next day in the
But now to see how it happened, one of the prisoners,
Incredulity by name, in the interim betwixt the sentence and
the time of execution, brake prison and made his escape, and
gets him away quite out of the town of Mansoul, and lay
lurking in such places and holes as he might, until he should
again have opportunity to do the town of Mansoul a mischief
for their thus handling of him as they did.
Now when Mr. Trueman, the gaoler, perceived that he had lost
his prisoner, he was in a heavy taking, because that prisoner
was, to speak on, the very worst of all the gang: wherefore
first he goes and acquaints my Lord Mayor, Mr. Recorder, and
my Lord Willbewill, with the matter, and to get of them an
order to make search for him throughout the town of Mansoul.
So an order he got, and search was made, but no such man
could now be found in all the town of Mansoul.
All that could be gathered was, that he had lurked a while
about the outside of the town, and that here and there one or
other had a glimpse of him as he did make his escape out of
Mansoul; one or two also did affirm that they saw him without
the town, going apace quite over the plain. Now when he was
quite gone, it was affirmed by one Mr. Did-see, that he
ranged all over dry places, till he met with Diabolus, his
friend, and where should they meet one another but just upon
But oh! what a lamentable story did the old gentleman tell to
Diabolus concerning what sad alteration Emmanuel had made in
As, first, how Mansoul had, after some delays, received a
general pardon at the hands of Emmanuel, and that they had
invited him into the town, and that they had given him the
castle for his possession. He said, moreover, that they had
called his soldiers into the town, coveted who should quarter
the most of them; they also entertained him with the timbrel,
song, and dance. 'But that,' said Incredulity, 'which is the
sorest vexation to me is, that he hath pulled down, O father,
thy image, and set up his own; pulled down thy officers and
set up his own. Yea, and Willbewill, that rebel, who, one
would have thought, should never have turned from us, he is
now in as great favour with Emmanuel as ever he was with
thee. But, besides all this, this Willbewill has received a
special commission from his master to search for, to
apprehend, and to put to death all, and all manner of
Diabolonians that he shall find in Mansoul: yea, and this
Willbewill has taken and committed to prison already eight of
my Lord's most trusty friends in Mansoul. Nay, further, my
Lord, with grief I speak it, they have been all arraigned,
condemned, and, I doubt, before this executed in Mansoul. I
told my Lord of eight, and myself was the ninth, who should
assuredly have drunk of the same cup, but that through craft,
I, as thou seest, have made mine escape from them.'
When Diabolus had heard this lamentable story, he yelled and
snuffed up the wind like a dragon, and made the sky to look
dark with his roaring; he also sware that he would try to be
revenged on Mansoul for this. So they, both he and his old
friend Incredulity, concluded to enter into great
consultation, how they might get the town of Mansoul again.
Now, before this time, the day was come in which the
prisoners in Mansoul were to be executed. So they were
brought to the cross, and that by Mansoul, in most solemn
manner; for the Prince said that this should be done by the
hand of the town of Mansoul, 'that I may see,' said he, 'the
forwardness of my now redeemed Mansoul to keep my word, and
to do my commandments; and that I may bless Mansoul in doing
this deed. Proof of sincerity pleases me well; let Mansoul
therefore first lay their hands upon these Diabolonians to
So the town of Mansoul slew them, according to the word of
their Prince; but when the prisoners were brought to the
cross to die, you can hardly believe what troublesome work
Mansoul had of it to put the Diabolonians to death; for the
men, knowing that they must die, and every of them having
implacable enmity in their hearts to Mansoul, what did they
but took courage at the cross, and there resisted the men of
the town of Mansoul? Wherefore the men of Mansoul were
forced to cry out for help to the captains and men of war.
Now the great Shaddai had a secretary in the town, and he was
a great lover of the men of Mansoul, and he was at the place
of execution also; so he, hearing the men of Mansoul cry out
against the strugglings and unruliness of the prisoners, rose
up from his place, and came and put his hands upon the hands
of the men of Mansoul. So they crucified the Diabolonians
that had been a plague, a grief, and an offence to the town
Now, when this good work was done, the Prince came down to
see, to visit, and to speak comfortably to the men of
Mansoul, and to strengthen their hands in such work. And he
said to them that, by this act of theirs he had proved them,
and found them to be lovers of his person, observers of his
laws, and such as had also respect to his honour. He said,
moreover, (to show them that they by this should not be
losers, nor their town weakened by the loss of them,) that he
would make them another captain, and that of one of
themselves. And that this captain should be the ruler of a
thousand, for the good and benefit of the now flourishing
town of Mansoul.
So he called one to him whose name was Waiting, and bid him,
'Go quickly up to the castle gate, and inquire there for one
Mr. Experience, that waiteth upon that noble captain, the
Captain Credence, and bid him come hither to me.' So the
messenger that waited upon the good Prince Emmanuel went and
said as he was commanded. Now the young gentleman was
waiting to see the captain train and muster his men in the
castle yard. Then said Mr. Waiting to him, 'Sir, the Prince
would that you should come down to his highness forthwith.'
So he brought him down to Emmanuel, and he came and made
obeisance before him. Now the men of the town knew Mr.
Experience well, for he was born and bred in Mansoul; they
also knew him to be a man of conduct, of valour, and a person
prudent in matters; he was also a comely person, well-spoken,
and very successful in his undertakings.
Wherefore the hearts of the townsmen were transported with
joy when they saw that the Prince himself was so taken with
Mr. Experience, that he would needs make him a captain over a
band of men.
So with one consent they bowed the knee before Emmanuel, and
with a shout said, 'Let Emmanuel live for ever!' Then said
the Prince to the young gentleman, whose name was Mr.
Experience, 'I have thought good to confer upon thee a place
of trust and honour in this my town of Mansoul.' Then the
young man bowed his head and worshipped. 'It is,' said
Emmanuel, 'that thou shouldest be a captain, a captain over a
thousand men in my beloved town of Mansoul.' Then said the
captain, 'Let the King live!' So the Prince gave out orders
forthwith to the King's secretary, that he should draw up for
Mr. Experience a commission to make him a captain over a
thousand men. 'And let it be brought to me,' said he, 'that
I may set to my seal.' So it was done as it was commanded.
The commission was drawn up, brought to Emmanuel, and he set
his seal thereto. Then, by the hand of Mr. Waiting, he sent
it away to the captain.
Now as soon as the captain had received his commission, he
sounded his trumpet for volunteers, and young men came to him
apace; yea, the greatest and chief men in the town sent their
sons, to be listed under his command. Thus Captain
Experience came under command to Emmanuel, for the good of
the town of Mansoul. He had for his lieutenant one Mr.
Skilful, and for his cornet one Mr. Memory. His under
officers I need not name. His colours were the white colours
for the town of Mansoul; and his scutcheon was the dead lion
and dead bear. So the Prince returned to his royal palace
Now when he was returned thither, the elders of the town of
Mansoul, to wit, the Lord Mayor, the Recorder, and the Lord
Willbewill, went to congratulate him, and in special way to
thank him for his love, care, and the tender compassion which
he showed to his ever-obliged town of Mansoul. So after a
while, and some sweet communion between them, the townsmen
having solemnly ended their ceremony, returned to their place
Emmanuel also at this time appointed them a day wherein he
would renew their charter, yea, wherein he would renew and
enlarge it, mending several faults therein, that Mansoul's
yoke might be yet more easy. And this he did without any
desire of theirs, even of his own frankness and noble mind.
So when he had sent for and seen their old one, he laid it
by, and said, 'Now that which decayeth and waxeth old is
ready to vanish away.' He said, moreover, 'The town of
Mansoul shall have another, a better, a new one, more steady
and firm by far.' An epitome hereof take as follows:-
'Emmanuel, Prince of Peace, and a great lover of the town of
Mansoul, I do in the name of my Father, and of mine own
clemency, give, grant, and bequeath to my beloved town of
'First. Free, full, and everlasting forgiveness of all
wrongs, injuries, and offences done by them against my
Father, me, their neighbour, or themselves.
'Second. I do give them the holy law and my testament, with
all that therein is contained, for their everlasting comfort
'Third. I do also give them a portion of the self-same grace
and goodness that dwells in my Father's heart and mine.
'Fourth. I do give, grant, and bestow upon them freely, the
world and what is therein, for their good; and they shall
have that power over them, as shall stand with the honour of
my Father, my glory, and their comfort: yea, I grant them the
benefits of life and death, and of things present, and things
to come. This privilege no other city, town, or corporation,
shall have, but my Mansoul only.
'Fifth. I do give and grant them leave, and free access to
me in my palace at all seasons - to my palace above or below
- there to make known their wants to me, and I give them,
moreover, a promise that I will hear and redress all their
'Sixth. I do give, grant to, and invest the town of Mansoul
with full power and authority to seek out, take, enslave, and
destroy all, and all manner of Diabolonians that at any time,
from whencesoever, shall be found straggling in or about the
town of Mansoul.
'Seventh. I do further grant to my beloved town of Mansoul,
that they shall have authority not to suffer any foreigner,
or stranger, or their seed, to be free in, and of the blessed
town of Mansoul, nor to share in the excellent privileges
thereof. But that all the grants, privileges, and immunities
that I bestow upon the famous town of Mansoul, shall be for
those the old natives, and true inhabitants thereof; to them,
I say, and to their right seed after them.
'But all Diabolonians, of what sort, birth, country, or
kingdom soever, shall be debarred a share therein.'
So when the town of Mansoul had received at the hand of
Emmanuel their gracious charter, (which in itself is
infinitely more large than by this lean epitome is set before
you,) they carried it to audience, that is, to the market
place, and there Mr. Recorder read it in the presence of all
the people. This being done, it was had back to the castle
gates, and there fairly engraven upon the doors thereof, and
laid in letters of gold, to the end that the town of Mansoul,
with all the people thereof, might have it always in their
view, or might go where they might see what a blessed freedom
their Prince had bestowed upon them, that their joy might be
increased in themselves, and their love renewed to their
great and good Emmanuel.
But what joy, what comfort, what consolation, think you, did
now possess the hearts of the men of Mansoul! The bells
rung, the minstrels played, the people danced, the captains
shouted, the colours waved in the wind, and the silver
trumpets sounded; and the Diabolonians now were glad to hide
their heads, for they looked like them that had been long