1: Words of a preacher, son of David, king in Jerusalem: 2: Vanity of vanities, said the Preacher, Vanity of vanities: the whole [is] vanity. 3: What advantage [is] to man by all his labour that he laboureth at under the sun? 4: A generation is going, and a generation is coming, and the earth to the age is standing. 5: Also, the sun hath risen, and the sun hath gone in, and unto its place panting it is rising there. 6: Going unto the south, and turning round unto the north, turning round, turning round, the wind is going, and by its circuits the wind hath returned. 7: All the streams are going unto the sea, and the sea is not full; unto a place whither the streams are going, thither they are turning back to go. 8: All these things are wearying; a man is not able to speak, the eye is not satisfied by seeing, nor filled is the ear from hearing. 9: What [is] that which hath been? it [is] that which is, and what [is] that which hath been done? it [is] that which is done, and there is not an entirely new thing under the sun. 10: There is a thing of which [one] saith: 'See this, it [is] new!' already it hath been in the ages that were before us! 11: There is not a remembrance of former [generations]; and also of the latter that are, there is no remembrance of them with those that are at the last. 12: I, a preacher, have been king over Israel in Jerusalem. 13: And I have given my heart to seek and to search out by wisdom concerning all that hath been done under the heavens. It [is] a sad travail God hath given to the sons of man to be humbled by it. 14: I have seen all the works that have been done under the sun, and lo, the whole [is] vanity and vexation of spirit! 15: A crooked thing [one] is not able to make straight, and a lacking thing is not able to be numbered. 16: I -- I spake with my heart, saying, 'I, lo, I have magnified and added wisdom above every one who hath been before me at Jerusalem, and my heart hath seen abundantly wisdom and knowledge. 17: And I give my heart to know wisdom, and to know madness and folly: I have known that even this [is] vexation of spirit; 18: for, in abundance of wisdom [is] abundance of sadness, and he who addeth knowledge addeth pain.'