View Song of Songs 6 in the note window.
An enquiry after Christ, ver. 1.
The churches answer, ver. 2.
The church confesses her faith in Christ, ver. 3.
Christ shews the graces of his church, ver. 4.
And the beauty of her several parts, ver. 5 - 10.
He acquaints her where he had been, and what he had been doing,
And discovers his affection to her, ver. 12.
With an invitation of her to return to him again, ver. 13.
1: Gone - From thee.
2: Is gone - The spouse had hitherto been at a loss for her beloved,
but having diligently sought him, now at last she meets with a gracious
answer from God, directing her where to find him. The garden may signify
the church catholic, and the gardens, as it follows, as also the
beds, the particular assemblies of the faithful, in which Christ affords
his presence. Spices - In which the gifts and graces of God's spirit,
fitly compared to spices, grow. To feed - To refresh and delight himself.
Lillies - Which may denote either, particular believers, whom Christ
gathers to himself in his church; or, the prayers and praises of his
people in the publick congregations.
4: Thou - These are the words of Christ, who had now again manifested
himself to his church. Tirzah - A very pleasant city, the royal seat of
the kings of Israel. Jerusalem - Which was beautiful both for its
situation, and for its goodly buildings. Terrible - To her enemies,
whom God will certainly destroy.
5: Turn away - It is a poetical expression, signifying how beautiful
the church was in Christ's eyes. Thy hair - This clause, and the whole
following verse are repeated from, (So 4:1,2). And this repetition
is not vain but confirms what was said before, that the churches miscarriage
had not alienated Christ's affection from her.
8: Threescore - A certain number for an uncertain. The sense seems
to be this, there are many beautiful queens and concubines in the world, in
the courts of princes, but none of them is to be compared with my spouse.
9: But one - The only beloved of my soul, my only spouse. The
only one - She is as dear and as precious to me as only children
use to be to their parents, and especially to their mothers.
Daughters - Called virgins, ver.(8).
Praised - As more beautiful and worthy than themselves.
10: Who - These are the words of the queens and concubines. Who,
what manner of person is this, how excellent and glorious! Morning - As
the morning light, which coming after the darkness, is very pleasant and
11: I went - When I went away from thee these are the words of the
bridegroom. Valley - Which being low, and well watered is very fruitful.
To see - What beginnings or appearances there were of good fruits or works
12: Or ever - I was surprized with a vehement desire of my spouse,
which is to be understood figuratively, and so as to agree with the
majesty and omnisciency of Christ. Ammi - nadib - Eager in my desire, and
swift in my motion towards the church. Ammi - nadib is supposed to be
some eminent charioteer then well known, and famous for his speed in
13: Return - Christ recalls his spouse, who as when Christ was gone,
she pursued after him, so now when Christ was coming to her, she was
ready to wander from him. Return - This word is repeated four times,
to signify both Christ's passionate love to her, and her backwardness.
Shulamite - This title signifies, the wife of Solomon, thus called
after her husband's name, and as Christ is called by the name of
Solomon, so the church is fitly described by the title of Solomon's
wife. May look - That I and my companions may contemplate thy beauty.
What - But what do you my friends expect to discover in her? Christ
proposes the question, that they might take special notice of this as
a very remarkable thing in her. The company - Whereby he intimates that
this one spouse was made up of the whole multitude of believers.
Two armies - Confederate together, and so this may signify the union of
Jews and Gentiles, and the safety and strength of the church, which
is compared to a numerous host, distributed into two armies.