View Psalms 80 in the note window.
This psalm was composed upon occasion of some calamity, which befel
the tribes of Israel after their division into two kingdoms, and
before the captivity of either of them. In which time all the evils
mentioned herein did befal them, sometimes in one part, and sometimes
The psalmist prays for the tokens of God's presence, ver. 1 - 3.
Complains of heavy distress, ver. 4 - 7.
Illustrates this, by the comparison of a vine, ver. 8 - 16.
Concludes with a prayer for mercy, ver. 17 - 19.
To the chief musician upon Shoshannim Eduth, A psalm of Asaph.
Title of the psalm. Shoshannim Eduth - It seems to be the name of a
1: Joseph - The children of Joseph or Israel. The name of
Joseph, the most eminent of the patriarchs, is elsewhere put for
all the tribes. Cherubim - Which were by the mercy seat above the ark.
2: Before Ephraim - Here is an allusion to the ancient situation of
the tabernacle in the wilderness, where these tribes were placed on the
west - side of the tabernacle, in which the ark was, which consequently was
3: Turn us - To thy self.
9: Preparedst - Thou didst root out the idolatrous nations.
Deep root - Thou gavest them a firm settlement.
10: The hills - They filled not only the fruitful valleys, but even
the barren mountains.
11: The river - They possessed the whole land, from the mid - land sea
to the river Euphrates.
12: Hedges - Taken away thy protection.
16: They - Thy people, signified by the vine. So now he passes from
the metaphor to the thing designed by it.
17: Be - To protect and strengthen him. Right - hand - Benjamin
signifies the son of the right hand, a dearly beloved son, as
Benjamin was to Jacob. Son of man - The people of Israel, who
are often spoken of as one person, as God's son and first - born.
18: Go back - Revolt from thee to idolatry or wickedness.
Quicken - Revive and restore us to our tranquility.