View Psalms 72 in the note window.
Divers passages of this psalm, do not agree to Solomon, nor to
any other king but the Messiah. It must therefore be acknowledged,
that, this is a mixt psalm, belonging to Solomon imperfectly, but
to Christ, clearly and fully: diverse expressions being so ordered,
that the reader might be led by them to the contemplation of Christ,
and of his kingdom. Which was the more necessary for the support of
God's true Israel, because the spirit of God foresaw Solomon's
dreadful apostacy, and the great miscarriages and calamities of his
successors, and of the kingdom under their hands, and therefore was
pleased to fortify their hearts with that glorious condition, which
they should certainly enjoy under the Messiah. It is probable, David
dictated this psalm, a little before he died, when he gave orders to
proclaim Solomon king.
After a short prayer for his successor, he foretells the glories of his
reign, ver. 1 - 17.
And concludes with praise to the God of Israel, ver. 18 - 20.
A psalm for Solomon.
1: Judgments - He saith judgments in the plural number, because
though the office of judging and ruling was but one, yet there were divers
parts and branches, of it; in all which he begs that Solomon may be
directed to do as God would have him to do.
2: Thy afflicted ones - For such are thine in a special manner,
thou art their judge and patron.
3: The mountains - Which are so dangerous to passengers, in regard of
robbers and wild beasts. Hereby it is implied, that other places should
do so too, and that it should be common and universal.
4: Judge - Vindicate them from their oppressors.
5: Thee - Thee, O God, this shall be another blessed fruit of this
righteous government, that together with peace, true religion shall be
established, and that throughout all generations, which was begun in
Solomon's days, but not fully accomplished 'till Christ came.
6: He shall come - Christ did come down from heaven, and brought or
sent down from heaven his doctrine, (which is often compared to rain)
and the sweet and powerful influences of his spirit.
8: Dominion - From one sea to another, or in all the parts of the
habitable world. This was accomplished in Christ, and in him only.
The river - Euphrates: which was the eastern border of the kingdom of
Canaan, allotted by God, but enjoyed only by David, Solomon, and
Christ. Of whose kingdom this may be mentioned, as one of the borders;
because the kingdom of Christ is described under the shadow of Solomon's
10: The sea - Of remote countries, to which they used to go from
Canaan by sea; which are frequently called isles in scripture; the
kings that rule by sea or by land.
11: All nations - Which cannot be said of Solomon with any truth
or colour, but was unquestionably verified in Christ,
14: Deceit and violence - The two ways whereby the lives of men are
usually destroyed. Precious - He will not be prodigal of the lives of his
subjects, but like a true father of his people, will tenderly preserve
them, and severely avenge their blood upon those who shall shed it.
15: Live - Long and prosperous, as Solomon: yea, eternally as
Christ. Gold - This was done to Solomon, (1Ki 10:15), and to
Christ, (Mt 2:11). But such expressions as these being used of
Christ and his kingdom, are commonly understood in a spiritual sense.
16: A handful - This intimates the small beginnings of his kingdom;
and therefore does not agree to Solomon, whose kingdom was in a manner
as large at the beginning of his reign, as at the end, but it exactly
agrees to Christ. The earth - Sown in the earth. Mountains - In the
most barren grounds. Shake - It shall yield such abundance of corn, that
the ears being thick and high, shall, when they are shaken with the wind,
make a noise not unlike that which the tops of the trees of Lebanon,
sometimes make. Of the city - The citizens of Jerusalem, which are
here put for the subjects of this kingdom.
20: The prayer - This psalm is the last which David composed:
for this was wrote but a little before his death.