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1: His own city - Capernaum,(Mt 4:13,Mk 5:18,Lu 8:37). .
2: Seeing their faith - Both that of the paralytic, and of them
that brought him. Son - A title of tenderness and condescension.(Mk 2:3,Lu 5:18).
3: This man blasphemeth - Attributing to himself a power (that of
forgiving sins) which belongs to God only.
5: Which is easier - Do not both of them argue a Divine power?
Therefore if I can heal his disease, I can forgive his sins:
especially as his disease is the consequence of his sins.
Therefore these must be taken away, if that is.
6: On earth - Even in my state of humiliation.
8: So what was to the scribes an occasion of blaspheming, was
to the people an incitement to praise God.
9: He saw a man named Matthew - Modestly so called by himself.
The other evangelists call him by his more honourable name, Levi.
Sitting - In the very height of his business, at the receipt of
custom - The custom house, or place where the customs were received.(Mk 2:14,Lu 5:27).
10: As Jesus sat at table in the house - Of Matthew, who having
invited many of his old companions, made him a feast,(Mk 2:15); and that a great one, though he does not himself
mention it. The publicans, or collectors of the taxes which the
Jews paid the Romans, were infamous for their illegal exactions:
Sinners - Open, notorious, sinners.
11: The Pharisees said to his disciples, Why eateth your Master?
- Thus they commonly ask our Lord, Why do thy disciples this?
And his disciples, Why doth your Master?
13: Go ye and learn - Ye that take upon you to teach others.
I will have mercy and not sacrifice - That is, I will have mercy
rather than sacrifice. I love acts of mercy better than
sacrifice itself. (Ho 6:6).
14: Then - While he was at table.(Mk 2:18,Lu 5:33).
15: The children of the bride chamber - The companions of the
bridegroom. Mourn - Mourning and fasting usually go together.
As if he had said, While I am with them, it is a festival time,
a season of rejoicing, not mourning. But after I am gone, all
my disciples likewise shall be in fastings often.
16: This is one reason, - It is not a proper time for them to
fast. Another is, they are not ripe for it. New cloth - The
words in the original properly signify cloth that hath not
passed through the fuller's hands, and which is consequently
much harsher than what has been washed and worn; and therefore
yielding less than that, will tear away the edges to which it
17: New - Fermenting wine will soon burst those bottles, the
leather of which is almost worn out. The word properly means
vessels made of goats' skins, wherein they formerly put wine,
(and do in some countries to this day) to convey it from place
to place. Put new wine into new bottles - Give harsh doctrines
to such as have strength to receive them.
18: Just dead - He had left her at the point of death,(Mk 5:23). Probably a messenger had now informed him
she was dead. (Mk 5:22,Lu 8:41).
20: Coming behind - Out of bashfulness and humility.
22: Take courage - Probably she was struck with fear, when he
turned and looked upon her, (Mk 5:33,Lu 8:47); lest she
should have offended him, by touching his garment privately; and
the more so, because she was unclean according to the law,(Le 15:25).
23: The minstrels - The musicians. The original word means flute
players. Musical instruments were used by the Jews as well as
the heathens, in their lamentations for the dead, to soothe the
melancholy of surviving friends, by soft and solemn notes. And
there were persons who made it their business to perform this,
while others sung to their music. Flutes were used especially
on the death of children; louder instruments on the death of
24: Withdraw - There is no need of you now; for the maid is not
dead - Her life is not at an end; but sleepeth - This is only a
temporary suspension of sense and motion, which should rather
be termed sleep than death.
25: The maid arose - Christ raised three dead persons to life;
this child, the widow's son, and Lazarus: one newly departed,
another on the bier, the third smelling in the grave: to show
us that no degree of death is so desperate as to be past his
32: (Lu 11:14).
33: Even in Israel - Where so many wonders have been seen.
36: Because they were faint - In soul rather than in body. As
sheep having no shepherd - And yet they had many teachers; they
had scribes in every city. But they had none who cared for
their souls, and none that were able, if they had been willing,
to have wrought any deliverance. They had no pastors after
God's own heart.
37: The harvest truly is great - When Christ came into the world,
it was properly the time of harvest; till then it was the seed
time only. But the labourers are few - Those whom God sends; who
are holy, and convert sinners. Of others there are many.(Lu 10:2).
38: The Lord of the harvest - Whose peculiar work and office it
is, and who alone is able to do it: that he would thrust forth
- for it is an employ not pleasing to flesh and blood; so full of
reproach, labour, danger, temptation of every kind, that nature
may well be averse to it. Those who never felt this, never yet
knew what it is to be labourers in Christ's harvest. He sends
them forth, when he calls them by his Spirit, furnishes them
with grace and gifts for the work, and makes a way for them to
be employed therein.