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1: Jesus answering, spake - That is, spake with reference to
what had just past.
2: A king, who made a marriage feast for his son - So did God, when
he brought his first - begotten into the world.
3: Them that were invited - Namely, the Jews.
4: Fatlings - Fatted beasts and fowls.
5: One to his farm, another to his merchandise - One must mind what
he has; another, gain what he wants. How many perish by misusing
7: The king sending forth his troops - The Roman armies employed
of God for that purpose. Destroyed those murderers - Primarily
8: Go into the highways - The word properly signifies, the by - ways,
or turnings of the road.
10: They gathered all - By preaching every where.
11: The guest - The members of the visible Church.
12: A wedding garment - The righteousness of Christ, first imputed,
then implanted. It may easily be observed, this has no relation
to the Lord's Supper, but to God's proceeding at the last day.
14: Many are called; few chosen - Many hear; few believe. Yea,
many are members of the visible, but few of the invisible Church.(Mt 20:16).
15: (Mk 12:13,Lu 20:20).
16: The Herodians were a set of men peculiarly attached to Herod,
and consequently zealous for the interest of the Roman government,
which was the main support of the dignity and royalty of his family.
Thou regardest not the person of men - Thou favourest no man for his
riches or greatness.
17: Is it lawful to give tribute to Cesar? - If he had said,
Yes, the Pharisees would have accused him to the people, as a
betrayer of the liberties of his country. If he had said, No,
the Herodians would have accused him to the Roman governor.
18: Ye hypocrites - Pretending a scruple of conscience.
20: The tribute money - A Roman coin, stamped with the head of
Cesar, which was usually paid in tribute.
21: They say to him, Cesar's - Plainly acknowledging, by their
having received his coin, that they were under his government.
And indeed this is a standing rule. The current coin of every
nation shows who is the supreme governor of it. Render
therefore, ye Pharisees, to Cesar the things which ye yourselves
acknowledge to be Cesar's: and, ye Herodians, while ye are
zealous for Cesar, see that ye render to God the things that
23: (Mk 12:18).
24: (De 25:5).
25: Now there were with us seven brethren - This story seems to
have been a kind of common - place objection, which no doubt they
brought upon all occasions.
29: Ye err, not knowing the Scriptures - Which plainly assert a
resurrection. Nor the power of God - Which is well able to effect
it. How many errors flow from the same source?
30: They are as the angels - Incorruptible and immortal.
So is the power of God shown in them! So little need had
they of marriage!
31: Have ye not read - The Sadducees had a peculiar value for the
books of Moses. Out of these therefore our Lord argues with them.
32: I am the God of Abraham - The argument runs thus: God is not
the God of the dead, but of the living: (for that expression,
Thy God, implies both benefit from God to man, and duty from
man to God) but he is the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob:
therefore, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob are not dead, but living.
Therefore, the soul does not die with the body. So indeed the
Sadducees supposed, and it was on this ground that they denied
the resurrection. (Ex 3:6).
33: At his doctrine - At the clearness and solidity of his answers.
34: (Mk 12:28,Lu 10:25).
35: A scribe asking him a question, trying him - Not, as it seems,
with any ill design: but barely to make a farther trial of that
wisdom, which he had shown in silencing the Sadducees.
37: (De 6:5).
39: (Le 19:18).
42: (Lu 20:41).
43: How doth David then by the Spirit - By inspiration, call him
Lord? If he be merely the son (or descendant) of David? If he
be, as you suppose, a mere man, the son of a man?
44: The Lord said to my Lord - This his dominion, to which David
himself was subject, shows both the heavenly majesty of the
king, and the nature of his kingdom. Sit thou on my right
hand - That is, remain in the highest authority and power.(Ps 110:1).
46: Neither durst any question him any more - Not by way of
ensnaring or tempting him.