View Micah 1 in the note window.
The title and preface, ver. 1, 2.
Warning of desolating judgments at hand, ver. 3 - 7,
The prophet's sorrow, and the general sorrow for them, ver. 8 - 16.
1: Hezekiah - The best son, of the worst father. How long Micah
prophesied during his reign, we can but conjecture, possibly 'till
the fourteenth year of Hezekiah. So this prophet may be supposed to
have prophesied sixteen years in Jotham's time, as many under Ahaz,
and fourteen under Hezekiah, in all forty - six years. And he survived
the captivity of Israel ten years, which he lamented as well as foretold.
2: O earth - This seems to be an appeal to the senseless creatures,
or a summons to bring them in evidences for God against those kingdoms.
Therein - Animate or inanimate creatures, all that are on the earth.
Temple - Either from his temple at Jerusalem, or from heaven.
3: The Lord - He comes forth as a judge, to hear, determine, and
punish. His place - Heaven, the place of his glorious throne.
Come down - Shew, by the effects of his power, justice, and wisdom, that
he is more eminently present there. Tread upon - Trample under foot all
that is high, excellent, and matter of your glorying.
4: Cleft - Or rent in sunder, broken up and slide away.
5: Jacob - The sons of Jacob, the ten tribes. What - Or,
who is the spring, and cause of that overflowing transgression?
Of Jacob - The kingdom of the ten tribes, the head of which was
Samaria, where the kings had their residence, where they worshiped
idols, and set an example to the rest of the Israelitish kingdom.
And what - Or, who is the cause of the high places, and the idolatry
there practised? Jerusalem - Which was the chief city of that kingdom,
and had the same influence over Judah, as Samaria had on the ten
6: As an heap - As a heap of ruins. Of a vineyard - In planting
vineyards, they dig up the earth, and cast it up in hillocks; so
shall they make this city. Into the valley - The city was built on
a high hill, and a deep valley beneath it. I will discover - I will
raze the walls, fortresses, and public buildings of this city, to
the very foundations.
7: The hires - The rich gifts given for the honour and service
of the idols by deceived idolaters. She - The kingdom of Samaria.
It - Their wealth, or the rich presents made to their idols.
Of an harlot - As harlots get rich gifts of their lovers.
They - These rich presents shall be turned by the Assyrians to the
service and honour of their idols.
8: Therefore - Because of those dreadful slaughters in Israel and
Samaria. And naked - As one that in bitterness of passion hath cast
off his upper garment. Dragons - Or rather, Jackals, which haunt
desolate places, and make a great and hideous noise by night.
9: Her wound - The wounds of Samaria, her own sins, and God's
just displeasure. It is come - The contagion of her sins, and the
indignation of God against it, have reached to Judah also, yea,
10: Declare ye it not - Lest the Philistines triumph.
Weep ye not - Make no public weeping. Aphrah - This was farther
from the Philistines. Roll thyself - Express thy sorrow.
11: Pass ye away - The imperative is here put for the future; they
shalt go into captivity. Saphir - Probably Samaria and Jerusalem.
Naked - Stript by the conquering enemy. Zaanan - It is thought,
this was a considerable garrison full of people and soldiers.
Came not forth - To help their neighbouring town Beth - ezel.
Beth - ezel - A strong town taken by the Assyrians.
His standing - The enemy shall encamp among you, shall stand on your
ground, so that you will have no opportunity of coming out to help
12: Maroth - A town in Judea. But evil - The flood of
affliction by the Assyrian, swallowed up other cities, and
swelled even to the head city, Jerusalem.
13: Lachish - A strong fortress on the confines of Judah.
Bind the chariot - To fly from the sword of the enemy.
She - Lachish, which being the nearest to idolatrous Israel,
took the infection of them, and conveyed it to Jerusalem.
The transgressions - Not only the idolatry, but other sins also.
Of Israel - Of the ten tribes.
14: Give presents - The inhabitants of Lachish courted
the assistance of the Philistines against the Assyrian.
Moresheth - gath - A known city of the Philistines, called
Moresheth - gath, to distinguish it from a town of the same
name in the tribe of Judah. Achzib - This was also a city of
the Philistines. A lie - A lying refuge, a prop that will
break under them.
15: An heir - The Assyrian, who in the right of conquest shall
possess thee. Mareshah - A town of the Philistines.
Adullam - Perhaps this city was considerable enough at that time, to
be the glory of Israel.
16: Thee - O Judea and Israel, tear off thy hair. Shave what
thou canst not tear off. For thy children - For the loss of them,
some being slain, others starved, or swept away with pestilence,
and the residue carried captive. As the eagle - One species of which
is entirely bald.