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1: He looked up - From those on whom his eyes were fixed before.(Mr 12:41).
5: Goodly stones - Such as no engines now in use could have brought,
or even set upon each other. Some of them (as an eye witness who
lately measured them writes) were forty - five cubits long, five
high, and six broad; yet brought thither from another country.
And gifts - Which persons delivered from imminent dangers had, in
accomplishment of their vows, hung on the walls and pillars.
The marble of the temple was so white, that it appeared like a
mountain of snow at a distance. And the gilding of many parts
made it, especially when the sun shone, a most splendid and
beautiful spectacle.(Mt 24:1,Mr 13:1).
8: I am the Christ; and the time is near - When I will deliver you
from all your enemies. They are the words of the seducers.
9: Commotions - Intestine broils; civil wars.
11: Fearful sights and signs from heaven - Of which Josephus gives
a circumstantial account.
12: (Mr 13:9).
13: It shall turn to you for a testimony - Of your having delivered
your own souls, and of their being without excuse.
16: (Mt 10:21).
17: (Mt 24:13,Mr 13:13).
18: Not a hair of your head - A proverbial expression, shall perish
- Without the special providence of God. And then, not before the
time, nor without A full reward.
19: In your patience possess ye your souls - Be calm and serene,
masters of yourselves, and superior to all irrational and
disquieting passions. By keeping the government of your
spirits, you will both avoid much misery, and guard the better
against all dangers.
21: Let them that are in the midst of it - Where Jerusalem stands
(that is, they that are in Jerusalem) depart out of it, before
their retreat is cut off by the uniting of the forces near the
city, and let not them that are in the adjacent countries by any
means enter into it.
22: And things which are written - Particularly in Daniel.
24: They shall fall by the edge of the sword, and shall be
led away captive - Eleven hundred thousand perished in the siege
of Jerusalem, and above ninety thousand were sold for slaves.
So terribly was this prophecy fulfilled! And Jerusalem shall be
trodden by the Gentiles - That is, inhabited. So it was indeed.
The land was sold, and no Jew suffered even to come within sight
of Jerusalem. The very foundations of the city were ploughed up,
and a heathen temple built where the temple of God had stood.
The times of the Gentiles - That is, the times limited for their
treading the city; which shall terminate in the full conversion
of the Gentiles.
25: And there shall be - Before the great day, which was typified
by the destruction of Jerusalem: signs - Different from those
mentioned (Lu 21:11), &c.(Mt 24:29,Mr 13:24).
28: Now when these things
- Mentioned (Lu 21:8,10), &c,
begin to come to pass, look up with firm faith, and lift up
your heads with joy: for your redemption out of many troubles
draweth nigh, by God's destroying your implacable enemies.
29: Behold the fig tree and all the trees - Christ spake this in
the spring, just before the passover; when all the trees were
budding on the mount of Olives, where they then were.
30: Ye know of yourselves - Though none teach you.
31: The kingdom of God is nigh - The destruction of the Jewish
city, temple, and religion, to make way for the advancement
of my kingdom.
32: Till all things be effected - All that has been spoken of the
destruction of Jerusalem, to which the question, (Lu 21:7),
relates: and which is treated of from (Lu 21:8-24).
34: Take heed, lest at any time your hearts be overloaded with
gluttony and drunkenness - And was there need to warn the apostles
themselves against such sins as these? Then surely there is
reason to warn even strong Christians against the very grossest
sins. Neither are we wise, if we think ourselves out of the
reach of any sin: and so that day - Of judgment or of death, come
upon you, even you that are not of this world - Unawares.(Mt 24:42,Mr 13:33,Lu 12:35).
35: That sit - Careless and at ease.
36: Watch ye therefore - This is the general conclusion of all
that precedes. That ye may be counted worthy - This word sometimes
signifies an honour conferred on a person, as when the apostles
are said to be counted worthy to suffer shame for Christ,(Ac 5:41).
Sometimes meet or becoming: as when John the Baptist
exhorts, to bring fruits worthy of repentance,(Lu 3:8).
And so to be counted worthy to escape, is to have the honour of
it, and to be fitted or prepared for it. To stand - With joy and
triumph: not to fall before him as his enemies.
37: Now by day - In the day time, he was teaching in the temple
- This shows how our Lord employed his time after coming to
Jerusalem: but it is not said, he was this day in the temple,
and next morning the people came. It does not therefore by any
means imply, that he came any more after this into the temple.
38: And all the people came early in the morning to hear him - How
much happier were his disciples in these early lectures, than
the slumbers of the morning could have made them on their beds!
Let us not scruple to deny ourselves the indulgence of unnecessary
sleep, that we may morning after morning place ourselves at his
feet, receiving the instructions of his word, and seeking those
of his Spirit.