View Leviticus 7 in the note window.
Further directions, concerning the trespass - offering, ver. 1 - 7.
The burnt - offering and meal - offering, ver. 8 - 10.
The peace - offering, ver. 11 - 21.
Fat and blood again forbidden, ver. 22 - 27.
The priest's share of it, ver. 28 - 34.
The conclusion of these instructions, ver. 35 - 38.
7: So is - In the matter following, for in other things they
differed. The priests shall have it - That part of it, which was by
God allowed to the priest.
9: All the meal - offering - Except the part reserved by God,(Le 2:2,9). Because these were ready drest and hot, and to be
presently eaten; shall be the priests - The priest, who offered it, was
in reason to expect, something more than his brethren who laboured not
about it; and that he had only in this offering; for the others were
10: Dry - Without oil, or drink - offering, as those (Le 5:11,Nu 5:15).
All the sons of Aaron - These were to be equally divided among all the
priests. And there was manifest reason for this difference, because these
were in greater quantity than the former; and being raw, might more easily
be reserved for the several priests to dress it in that way which each of
13: Leavened bread - Because this was a sacrifice of another kind
than those in which leaven was forbidden, this being a sacrifice of
thanksgiving for God's blessings, among which leavened bread was one.
Leaven indeed was universally forbidden, (Le 2:11). But that
prohibition concerned only things offered and burnt upon the altar, which
this bread was not.
14: Of it - That is, of the offering, one of each part of the
whole: it being most agreeable to the rules laid down before and
afterward, that the priest should have a share in the unleavened cakes
and wafers, as well as in the leavened bread.
16: A vow - Offered in performance of a vow, the man having desired
some special favour from God, and vowed the sacrifice to God if he would
grant it. On the morrow also - Which was not allowed for the
thank - offering.
18: Neither shall it be imputed - For an acceptable service to God.
19: And the flesh - Namely of the holy offering, of which he is here
treating; and therefore the general word is to be so limited; for other
flesh one might eat in this case. That toucheth - After its oblation;
which might easily happen, as it was conveyed from the altar to the place
where it was eaten: for it was not eaten in the holy place, as appears,
because it was eaten by the priests, together with the offerers, who might
not come thither. The flesh - That is, the other flesh; that which shall
not be polluted by any unclean touch. All that are clean - Whether
priests or offerers, or guests invited to the feast.
20: That eateth - Knowingly; for if it were done ignorantly, a
sacrifice was accepted for it. Not being cleansed from his uncleanness
according to the appointment, (Le 11:24), &c. This verse speaks of
uncleanness from an internal cause, as by an issue, &c. for what was from
an external cause is spoken of in the next verse.
21: Of man - Or, of women, for the word signifies both.
23: The general prohibition of eating fat, (Le 3:17), is here
explained of those kind of creatures which were sacrificed. The fat of
others they might eat.
24: He speaks still of the same kinds of beasts, and shews that this
prohibition reaches not only to the fat of those beasts which were offered
to God, but also of those that died, or were killed at home. And if this
seems a superfluous prohibition, since the lean as well as the fat of such
beasts were forbidden, (Le 22:8), it must be noted, that prohibition
reached only to the priests, (Le 7:4).
29: Shall bring - Not by another, but by himself, that is, those
parts of the peace - offering, which are in a special manner offered to God.
His oblation unto the Lord - That is, to the tabernacle, where the Lord
was present in a special manner. Though part of such offerings might be
eaten in any clean place, (Le 10:14), yet not till they had been
killed, and part of them offered to the Lord in the place appointed by him
for that purpose.
30: His own hands - After the beast was killed, and the parts of
it divided, the priest was to put the parts mentioned into the hands
of the offerer. Offerings made by fire - So called, not strictly, as
burnt - offerings are, because some parts of these were left for the priest,
but more largely, because even these peace - offerings were in part, tho' not
wholly, burnt. Waved - To and fro, by his hands, which were supported and
directed by the hands of the priest.
31: His sons - The portion of every succeeding high - priest and his
34: The wave - breast and heave - shoulder - The breast or heart is
the seat of wisdom, and the shoulder of strength for action; and these
two may denote that wisdom, and power, which were in Christ our high - priest,
and which ought to be in every priest.
35: Of the anointing of Aaron - That is, of the priesthood; the sign
put for the thing signified; and the anointing by a like figure is put
for the part of the sacrifices belonging to the priest by virtue of his
anointing. This was their portion appointed them by God in that day, and
therefore to be given to them in after ages.
37: Of the consecrations - That is, of the sacrifice offered at the
consecration of the priests.