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2: Who sinned, this man or his parents, that he was born
blind? - That is, was it for his own sins, or the sins of his
parents? They suppose (as many of the Jews did, though without
any ground from Scripture) that he might have sinned in a
pre - existent state, before he came into the world.
3: Jesus answered, Neither hath this man sinned, nor his parents
- It was not the manner of our Lord to answer any questions that
were of no use, but to gratify an idle curiosity. Therefore he
determines nothing concerning this. The scope of his answer is,
It was neither for any sins of his own, nor yet of his parents;
but that the power of God might be displayed.
4: The night is coming - Christ is the light. When the light is
withdrawn night comes, when no man can work - No man can do any
thing toward working out his salvation after this life is ended.
Yet Christ can work always. But he was not to work upon earth,
only during the day, or season which was appointed for him.
5: I am the light of the world - I teach men inwardly by my Spirit,
and outwardly by my preaching, what is the will of God; and I
show them, by my example, how they must do it.
6: He anointed the eyes of the blind man with the clay - This might
almost have blinded a man that had sight. But what could it do
toward curing the blind? It reminds us that God is no farther
from the event, when he works either with, or without means, and
that all the creatures are only that which his almighty operation
7: Go, wash at the pool of Siloam - Perhaps our Lord intended to
make the miracle more taken notice of. For a crowd of people
would naturally gather round him to observe the event of so
strange a prescription, and it is exceeding probable, the guide
who must have led him in traversing a great part of the city,
would mention the errand he was going upon, and so call all
those who saw him to a greater attention.
From the fountain of Siloam, which was without the walls of
Jerusalem, a little stream flowed into the city, and was received
in a kind of basin, near the temple, and called the pool of Siloam.
Which is, by interpretation, Sent - And so was a type of the Messiah,
who was sent of God. He went and washed, and came seeing - He
believed, and obeyed, and found a blessing. Had he been wise in
his own eyes, and reasoned, like Naaman, on the impropriety of
the means, he had justly been left in darkness. Lord, may our
proud hearts be subdued to the methods of thy recovering grace!
May we leave thee to choose how thou wilt bestow favours, which
it is our highest interest to receive on any terms.
11: A man called Jesus - He seems to have been before totally
ignorant of him.
14: Anointing the eyes - With any kind of medicine on the Sabbath,
was particularly forbidden by the tradition of the elders.
16: This man is not of God - Not sent of God. How can a man that
is a sinner - That is, one living in wilful sin, do such miracles?
17: What sayest thou of him, for that he hath opened thine eyes?
- What inference dost thou draw herefrom?
22: He should be put out of the synagogue - That is be
27: Are ye also - As well as I, at length convinced and willing to
be his disciples?
29: We know not whence he is - By what power and authority he does
30: The man answered - Utterly illiterate as he was. And with
what strength and clearness of reason! So had God opened the
eyes of his understanding, as well as his bodily eyes. Why,
herein is a marvellous thing, that ye - The teachers and guides
of the people, should not know, that a man who has wrought a
miracle, the like of which was never heard of before, must be
from heaven, sent by God.
31: We - Even we of the populace, know that God heareth not sinners
- Not impenitent sinners, so as to answer their prayers in this
manner. The honest courage of this man in adhering to the truth,
though he knew the consequence, (Joh 9:22), gives him claim to
the title of a confessor.
33: He could do nothing - Of this kind; nothing miraculous.
34: Born in sin - And therefore, they supposed, born blind.
They cast him out - Of the synagogue; excommunicated him.
35: Having found him - For he had sought him.
36: Who is he, that I may believe? - This implies some degree of
faith already. He was ready to receive whatever Jesus said.
37: Lord, I believe - What an excellent spirit was this man of!
Of so deep and strong an understanding; (as he had just shown to
the confusion of the Pharisees,) and yet of so teachable a temper!
39: For judgment am I come into the world - That is, the consequence
of my coming will be, that by the just judgment of God, while the
blind in body and soul receive their sight, they who boast they
see, will be given up to still greater blindness than before.
41: If ye had been blind - Invincibly ignorant; if ye had not had
so many means of knowing: ye would have had no sin - Comparatively
to what ye have now. But now ye say - Ye yourselves acknowledge,
Ye see, therefore your sin remaineth - Without excuse, without remedy.