View Hebrews 9 in the note window.
1: The first covenant had ordinances of outward worship, and
a worldly - a visible, material sanctuary, or tabernacle.
Of this sanctuary he treats,(Heb 9:2-5).
Of those ordinances,(Heb 9:6-10).
2: The first - The outward tabernacle. In which was
the candlestick, and the table - The shewbread, shown
continually before God and all the people, consisting of
twelve loaves, according to the number of the tribes, was
placed on this table in two rows, six upon one another in
each row. This candlestick and bread seem to have typified
the light and life which are more largely dispensed under
the gospel by Him who is the Light of the world, and the
Bread of life.
3: The second veil divided the holy place from the
most holy, as the first veil did the holy place from the
4: Having the golden censer - Used by the high priest
only, on the great day of atonement. And the ark, or chest,
of the covenant - So called from the tables of the covenant
contained therein. Wherein was the manna - The monument of
God's care over Israel. And Aaron's rod - The monument of
the regular priesthood. And the tables of the covenant - The
two tables of stone, on which the ten commandments were
written by the finger of God the most venerable monument
5: And over it were the cherubim of glory - Over which the
glory of God used to appear. Some suppose each of these had
four faces, and so represented the Three - One God, with the
manhood assumed by the Second Person. With out - spread wings
shadowing the mercy - seat - Which was a lid or plate of gold,
covering the ark.
6: Always - Every day. Accomplishing their
services - Lighting the lamps, changing the shewbread,
burning incense, and sprinkling the blood of the sin
7: Errors - That is, sins of ignorance, to which only those
8: The Holy Ghost evidently showing - By this token.
That the way into the holiest - Into heaven. Was not made
manifest - Not so clearly revealed. While the first
tabernacle, and its service, were still subsisting - And
remaining in force.
9: Which - Tabernacle, with all its furniture and
services. Is a figure - Or type, of good things to come
Which cannot perfect the worshipper - Neither the priest nor
him who brought the offering. As to his conscience - So that
he should be no longer conscious of the guilt or power of
sin. Observe, the temple was as yet standing.
10: They could not so perfect him, with all their train
of precepts relating to meats and drinks, and carnal, gross,
external ordinances; and were therefore imposed only till
the time of reformation - Till Christ came.
11: An high priest of good things to come - Described,(Heb 9:15).
Entered through a greater, that is, a more noble, and perfect
tabernacle - Namely, his own body. Not of this creation - Not
framed by man, as that tabernacle was.
12: The holy place - Heaven. For us - All that believe.
13: If the ashes of an heifer - Consumed by fire as a sin - offering,
being sprinkled on them who were legally unclean. Purified the
flesh - Removed that legal uncleanness, and re - admitted them to the
temple and the congregation.(Nu 19:17-19).
14: How much more shall the blood of Christ. - The
merit of all his sufferings. Who through the eternal Spirit
- The work of redemption being the work of the whole Trinity.
Neither is the Second Person alone concerned even in the
amazing condescension that was needful to complete it.
The Father delivers up the kingdom to the Son; and the Holy
Ghost becomes the gift of the Messiah, being, as it were,
sent according to his good pleasure. Offered himself
- Infinitely more precious than any created victim, and
that without spot to God. Purge our conscience - Our
inmost soul. From dead works - From all the inward and
outward works of the devil, which spring from spiritual
death in the soul, and lead to death everlasting. To serve
the living God - In the life of faith, in perfect love and
15: And for this end he is the Mediator of a new
covenant, that they who are called - To the engagements
and benefits thereof. Might receive the eternal inheritance
promised to Abraham: not by means of legal sacrifices, but
of his meritorious death. For the redemption of the
transgressions that were under the first covenant - That is,
for the redemption of transgressors from the guilt and
punishment of those sins which were committed in the time
of the old covenant. The article of his death properly
divides the old covenant from the new.
16: I say by means of death; for where such a covenant
is, there must be the death of him by whom it is confirmed
- Seeing it is by his death that the benefits of it are purchased.
It seems beneath the dignity of the apostle to play upon the
ambiguity of the Greek word, as the common translation supposes
him to do.
17: After he is dead - Neither this, nor after men are dead is a
literal translation of the words. It is a very perplexed passage.
18: Whence neither was the first - The Jewish covenant,
originally transacted without the blood of an appointed
19: He took the blood of calves - Or heifers. And of
goats, with water, and scarlet wool, and hyssop - All these
circumstances are not particularly mentioned in that chapter
of Exodus, but are supposed to be already known from other
passages of Moses. And the book itself - Which contained
all he had said. And sprinkled all the people - Who were near
him. The blood was mixed with water to prevent its growing too
stiff for sprinkling; perhaps also to typify that blood and water,(Joh 19:34).(Ex 24:7,8)
20: Saying, This is the blood of the covenant which God hath
enjoined me to deliver unto you - By this it is established.(Ex 24:8).
21: And in like manner he ordered the tabernacle - When it was
made, and all its vessels, to be sprinkled with blood once a year.
22: And almost all things - For some were purified by
water or fire. Are according to the law purified with
blood - Offered or sprinkled. And according to the law,
there is no forgiveness of sins without shedding of blood
- All this pointed to the blood of Christ effectually cleansing
from all sin, and intimated, there can be no purification from
it by any other means.
23: Therefore - That is, it plainly appears from what has been
said. It was necessary - According to the appointment of God.
That the tabernacle and all its utensils, which were patterns,
shadowy representations, of things in heaven, should be purified
by these - Sacrifices and sprinklings. But the heavenly things
themselves - Our heaven - born spirits: what more this may mean we
know not yet. By better sacrifices than these - That is, by a
better sacrifice, which is here opposed to all the legal
sacrifices, and is expressed plurally, because it includes the
signification of them all, and is of so much more eminent virtue.
24: For Christ did not enter into the holy place made
with hands - He never went into the holy of holies at Jerusalem,
the figure of the true tabernacle in heaven, (Heb 8:2).
But into heaven itself, to appear in the presence of God for us
- As our glorious high priest and powerful intercessor.
26: For then he must often have suffered from the
foundation of the world - This supposes,
At the consummation of the ages - The sacrifice of Christ
divides the whole age or duration of the world into two parts,
and extends its virtue backward and forward, from this middle
point wherein they meet to abolish both the guilt and
power of sin.
- That by suffering once he atoned for all the sins which
had been committed from the foundation of the world.
- That he could not have atoned for them without suffering.
27: After this, the judgment - Of the great day.
At the moment of death every man's final state is determined.
But there is not a word in scripture of a particular judgment
immediately after death.
28: Christ having once died to bear the sins - The
punishment due to them. Of many - Even as many as are born
into the world. Will appear the second time - When he comes
to judgment. Without sin - Not as he did before, bearing on
himself the sins of many, but to bestow everlasting salvation.