View Genesis 43 in the note window.
Here the story of Joseph's brethren is carried on.
- Their melancholy parting with their father Jacob, in Canaan,
ver. 1 - 14.
- Their meeting with Joseph in Egypt, ver. 15 - 34.
9: Judah's conscience had lately smitten him for what he had done a
great while ago against Joseph; and as an evidence of the truth of his
repentance, he is ready to undertake, as far as a man could do it, for
Benjamin's security. He will not only not wrong him but will do all he
can to protect him. This is such restitution as the case will admit: when
he knew not how he could retrieve Joseph, he would make some amends for
the irreparable injury he had done him, by doubling his care concerning
11: If it must be so now, take your brother - If no corn can be had
but upon those terms, as good expose him to the perils of the journey, as
suffer ourselves and families, and Benjamin among the rest, to perish
for want of bread: it is no fault, but our wisdom and duty, to alter our
resolutions when there is a good reason for so doing: constancy is a virtue,
but obstinacy is not: it is God's prerogative to make unchangeable
12: Take double money - As much again as they took the time before,
upon supposition that the price of corn might be risen, or that, if it
should be insisted upon, they might pay a ransom for Simeon. And he
sent a present of such things as the land afforded, and were scarce in
Egypt, the commodities that Canaan exported.
14: God almighty give you mercy before the man! - Jacob had
formerly turned an angry brother into a kind one with a present and a
prayer, and here he betakes himself to the same tried method. Those that
would find mercy with men must seek it of God. He concludes all with this,
if I be bereaved of my children, I am bereaved - If I must part with them
thus one after another, I acquiesce and say, The will of the Lord be
23: Your God, and the God of your father, has given you treasure
in your sacks - Hereby he shews that he had no suspicion of dishonesty in
them: for what we get by deceit we cannot say God gives it us. He silences
their farther enquiry about it: ask not how it came thither, providence
brought it you, and let that satisfy you. It appears by what he said, that
by his master's instructions he was brought to the knowledge of the true
God, the God of the Hebrews. He directs them to look up to God, and
acknowledge his providence in the good bargain they had. We must own
ourselves indebted to God as our God, and the God of our fathers, (a God
in covenant with us and them) for all our successes and advantages, and the
kindnesses of our friends; for every creature is that to us, and no more,
than God makes it to be.
26: When they brought him the present, they bowed themselves before
him, and again, when they gave him an account of their father's health,
they made obeisance, and called him, Thy servant, our father - Thus
were Joseph's dreams fulfilled more and more; and even the father, by
the sons, bowed before him. Probably Jacob had directed them, if
they had occasion to speak of him to the man, the Lord of the land, to
call him his servant.
29: God be gracious unto thee, my son - Joseph's favour, though
he was the lord of the land, would do him little good, unless God were
gracious to him.
33: He placed his brethren according to their seniority, as if he could
certainly divine. Some think they placed themselves so according to their
custom; but if so, I see not why such particular notice is taken of it,
especially as a thing they marvelled at.
34: They drank and were merry - Their cares and fears were now over,
and they eat their bread with joy, concluding they were now upon good
terms with the man, the lord of the land. If God accept our works,
our present, we have reason to be chearful.