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In this and the following chapter, under the type of a temple and
altar, priests and sacrifices, is fore shewed, the spiritual worship
which should be performed in Gospel times, and that perfected at last
in the kingdom of glory: yea probably, in an happy and glorious state
of the church on this side heaven: in this chapter we have,
a general account of the temple and city, ver. 1 - 4.
A particular account of the east - gate, north - gate and south - gate,
ver. 5 - 31.
Of the inner court, ver. 32 - 38.
Of the tables, ver. 39 - 43.
Of the lodgings for the singers and the priests, ver. 44 - 47.
Of the porch, ver. 48, 49.
1: Of our captivity - Of those that were carried away into
captivity with Jeconiah eleven years before Jerusalem was burnt.
And this falls in with the three thousand three hundred and seventy
fourth year of the world, about five hundred and seventy four years
before Christ's incarnation. The beginning - In the month Nisan.
The tenth day - The day that the paschal lamb was to be taken up in
order to the feast on the tenth day. Brought me - To Jerusalem, the
place where it did stand.
2: In the visions of God - By this it appears it was not a corporeal
transportation of the prophet. The frame - The portrait of a city.
On the south - On the south of the mountain, where the prophet was set.
3: A man - The same no doubt that appeared to the prophet,(Re 1:26), whose name is the branch, and who builds the temple,(Zec 6:12,13), whose colour was like burnished brass; (Re 1:15),
which speaks glory and strength. A line - A plumb - line, a mason's
line to discover the rectitude of the building, or its defects.
In the gate - In the north gate, next toward the east.
5: A wall - This was that outmost wall, that compassed the whole
mount Sion, upon whose top the temple stood. The man's hand - Christ,
hath, and keeps the reed in his own hand, as the only fit person to
take the measures of all. A measuring reed - Or cane, for this measuring
rod was of those canes growing in that country, long, and light, which
architects made use of. Six cubits long - Each cubit consisting of
eighteen inches in our common account. An hand breadth - Added to each
six cubits. The breadth - The thickness of the walls, which were one
reed, and one hand's breadth, or three yards, and three inches thick.
Height - And the height equal, taking the measure from the floor on the
inside of the wall.
6: The east - Either of one of the inner walls, or of the temple
itself. Went up - 'Till he was got up, he could not measure the threshold,
which was at the top of the stairs, and these were ten, if the measurer
be supposed in the gate of the house; or eight, if in the gate of the
court of the priests; or seven, if in the court of Israel; and each
stair was half a cubit in height, too high for him to take the measure
of the threshold, if he did not go up the stairs. The threshold - It is
probable he measured the lower threshold first, as next at hand.
The other threshold - The upper threshold, or lintel of the gate, which
was of equal dimensions with the lower, three yards and three inches
broad, or thick.
7: Chamber - Along the wall of the porch were chambers, three on one
side, and three on the other, each one reed square. Five cubits - A space
of two yards and one half between each chamber, either filled with some
neat posts or pillars, or it may be quite void. Within - The inward and
outward threshold, were of the same measures, and curiously arched over
head from side to side, and end to end, which was from east to west.
8: The porch - The posts which were joined together at the top by an
arch, and so made the portico.
9: The porch - Probably another porch, or another gate distinct from
that, ver. (6).
The posts - These were half columns, that from the floor to the height of
the wall jetted out, as if one half of the column were in the wall, and
the other without, and the protuberance of this half column, was one cubit.
10: Chambers - These chambers were for the priests and Levites to
lodge in during their ministration.
11: Of the entry - It is meant of the whole length of the entry,
or walk through the porch, to which they ascended by stairs of a
12: The space - The rails, which were set up at a cubit distance from
the front of these little chambers, on the outside for convenient placing
of benches for the priests to sit on. The space - Between the rails, and
13: From the roof - From the extremity of one little chamber on the
north side of the gate, to the extremity of the opposite chamber on the
south side, and so one cubit and half for the back wall of one chamber,
and as much for the back wall of the other chamber, with the length of
the chambers, six cubits each, and ten for the breadth of the gate,
amounts to twenty five cubits. Door against door - It seems the doors of
the chambers were two in each chamber in the east and west parts, and
so exactly set, that the doors being all open you had a clear prospect
through all the chambers to the temple.
14: He made - Measured, and thereby shewed what kind of posts they
should be. Threescore cubits - Probably this refers to the height of this
gate built up two stories above the arch, and the posts in their height
are only mentioned, but imply all the rest of the building over the east
gate. Unto the post - These high columns, on the inner front of this gate
were so disposed, that the last on each side was very near the first post,
or pillar of the court on either side of the gate, and so the posts and
buildings laid on those posts joined on each side of this gate.
15: And - This verse seems to sum up all the dimensions; this gate,
its porch, and thickness of its walls, and so sum the cubits, six in the
thickness of the outer wall, eighteen in the three chambers, twenty in
the spaces between the chambers, and six cubits in the thickness in the
inner wall of the porch.
16: Narrow windows - Windows narrowed inward to the middle.
Their posts - The upper lintel of each door over which was a window.
To the arches - Windows under the arches between post and post, to
give light to the five cubits space between chamber and chamber.
Round about - These were on both sides of the porch within the gate,
17: The outward court - So called in regard of the more inward court,
between that where he was, and the temple itself; this court, was the
second about the temple. Chambers - Not only lodging rooms for the
priests, but also store - houses for tithes and offerings. A pavement - A
beautiful floor laid with checker works. The whole floor of this court
was thus paved. Thirty chambers - That is, fifteen on the south side of
the gate, and fifteen on the north side, built over the pavement.
18: The pavement - That mentioned, ver.(17).
By the side - That part which lay on each side of the gate, and from
thence spread itself toward the chambers, leaving a space of pavement of
equal breadth with the porch, or gate in the middle. The length - The
length was measured fifty cubits. The inner pavement - The side pavement
was laid somewhat lower than this middle pavement, not only for state,
but for the more convenient, keeping it clean; so the middle pavement
rose with a little convex surface.
19: The breadth - Of the whole ground between the inner front of one
gate and porch, to the outer front of the next gate more inward to the
temple. The lower gate - Called so in respect to the next gate, which was
on the higher ground. The forefront - To the outside front of the gate of
the priests court, which was next to this gate now measured, that is from
the west front of the lower to the east front of the upper gate.
The inner court - This court from the west front of the lower gate, was one
hundred cubits in length to the east front of the gate of the inner court.
East - ward and north - ward - And so was the space from the south front of
the court to the north front. So the court was exactly square. Divers
courts are here spoken of, which may put us in mind, of the diversity of
gifts, graces and offices in the church: as also of the several degrees of
glory in the courts and mansions of heaven.
22: Before them - Within the steps or gate.
23: Toward the east - The east gate of the inner court was directly
over against the east gate of the outer court, and equally distant from
26: To it - The floor, or square court.
28: Brought me - From the south - gate of the outer court through the
porch, and over the hundred cubit pavement, to the south - gate of the
32: The inner court - The court of the priests, which was next to the
43: Within - Within the porch, where these tables stood.
Hooks - Hooks on which the slaughtered sacrifice might be hanged,
while they prepared it farther. Fastened - To walls no doubt, near
45: The keepers - While, according to their courses, they had the
charge of the house of God, and attended on the service of it.
46: The keepers - To preserve the fire perpetually on the altar.
48: The breadth - The whole breadth was eleven cubits, but the breadth
of each leaf of this folding - gate was three cubits, and they met, or shut
on an upright post, set in the middle of the gate space, and this was one
cubit broad. And each leaf hung on posts two cubits thick, which amount
to eleven cubits.