View Ezekiel 27 in the note window.
A large account of the wealth, splendor and trade of Tyre, ver. 1 - 25.
Its utter ruin, and the consternation of its neighbours, ver. 26 - 36.
2: A lamentation - We ought to mourn for the miseries of other
nations, as well as of our own, out of an affection for mankind in
general; yea, tho' they have brought them upon themselves.
3: At the entry - Heb. Entrances. She was about four furlongs,
or half an English mile from the continent, as it were in the very
door of the sea.
5: They - The shipwrights. Shipboards - The planks and benches,
or transoms for their ships. Fir - trees - Of the best and finest
fir - trees. Lebanon - Whose cedars excelled others.
6: With box - From the isles, and parts about the Ionian, Aegean,
and other seas of the Mediterranean, where box - tree is a native,
and of great growth and firmness, fit to saw into boards for benches;
they were conveyed to Tyre, where their artists inlaid these box
boards with ivory, and made them beautiful seats in their ships.
7: The isles of Elishah - Probably the sea - coast of Aeolis in the
lesser Asia, the inhabitants whereof were excellent in the skill of
dying wool. Which covered - He speaks of the coverings they used in
their ships or galleys: their tilts, as our boat - men call them.
8: Zidon - An ancient town and haven of Phoenicia, not far from
Tyre. Arvad - Or Aradus, an island belonging to Phoenicia,
twenty furlongs from the continent. Mariners - Rowers in thy galleys;
the rich Tyrians would not employ their own in such servile works,
they hired strangers. Wise men - Thy learned men: for navigation was
the great study of the Tyrians.
9: The ancients - Old experienced workmen. Gebal - A town of
Phoenicia near the sea. The wise men - Skilful in their trades.
Were in thee - Who dwelt in Tyre for gain. All the ships - Ships
from all parts of the sea, full of mariners, not only to manage the
ships at sea, but to offer their service to the Tyrians for bringing
in, or carrying out their wares.
10: Lud - Lydians, not those Cresus was king over, but those
that dwelt in Egypt about the lake Maraeolis. Phut - Lybians,
a people of Africa; these were their hired soldiers.
Hanged the shield - In time of peace. They set forth - These stout,
expert, well armed guards, were an honour to thee.
11: With - Mixed with other hired soldiers.
The Gammadim - Probably men of Gammade, a town of Phoenicia.
13: Javan - The Grecians, particularly the Ionians.
Tubal - The Asiatic Iberians, and the Albanians toward the
Caspian sea. Meshech - The Cappadocians. They traded - Brought
men to sell for slaves.
14: Of the house - Of the country. Togarmah - Armenia the
lesser, Phrygia, Galatia, or Cappadocia. Horsemen - It is likely
they might sell grooms, as best able to manage, and keep those horses.
15: Isles - In the Indian seas, and in the Red - sea traded with
thee. Horns - Elk's horns, or wild goats. Ebony - Is a very solid,
heavy, shining, black wood, fit for many choice works.
16: The multitude - The abundance of the Tyrian manufactures.
17: Minnith - The name of an excellent wheat country.
Pannag - Some obscure place, which now is forgotten.
19: Javan - In the isle of Meroe, in Egypt.
20: Dedan - The posterity of Abraham by Keturah, who dwelt in
Arabia, and were sheep - masters. Clothes - With which they lined
22: Sheba - A country in Arabia Felix.
Raamah - Another people of the same Arabia.
23: Haran - In Mesopotamia, where Abraham dwelt.
Canneh - This is supposed to be the same with Calneh, (Ge 10:10),
afterwards Ctesiphon, a pleasant city on Tigris.
Ashur - Assyria. Chilmad - A country between Assyria and
25: The ships - The ships from all parts of the sea.
Did sing - Had their songs to commend thy state.
26: Thy rowers - Thy governors and counsellors.
Great waters - Dangers and difficulties. The east wind - The king of
Babylon with his army. Hath broken - As surely will, as if he had
already done it. In the midst - Where thou thoughtest thyself impregnable.
27: All thy company - All that are men fit for war, in the multitudes
of people that are in thee. Shall fall - These all shall fall together.
28: The suburbs - The suburbs, which are nearest the sea, shall first
hear the out - cries of pilots, and mariners.
29: Shall come down - ln the allegory of a miserable shipwreck,
the prophet sets forth the fall of Tyre; and in this verse he represents
them all shifting out of the sinking ship, in great confusion.
30: Wallow themselves in ashes - As men use to do in their greatest
32: In the sea - Alas! what was once her safeguard, is now her grave.
33: Went forth - Were landed. Thou filledst - There was enough to
supply to the full.
34: By the seas - The Babylonians, that like seas shall swell,
roar, and break in upon thee.
35: Troubled - They shall not be able to conceal the discomposure of
their mind, but will shew it in their countenance.
36: Shall hiss - Will mock at thy fall.