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Three more of the plagues of Egypt are related in this chapter.
- That of the frogs, which is,
- Threatened, ver. 1 - 4.
- Inflicted, ver. 5, 6.
- Mimicked by the magicians, ver. 7.
- Removed at the request of Pharaoh, ver. 8 - 14.
who yet hardens his heart, and notwithstanding his promise, ver. 8.
refused to let Israel go, ver. 15.
- The plague of lice, ver. 16, 17. By which,
- The magicians were baffled, ver. 18, 19. and yet,
- Pharaoh was hardened, ver. 19.
- That of flies:
- Pharaoh is warned of it before, ver. 20,21.
and told that the land of Goshen should be exempt from this
plague, ver. 22, 23.
- The plague is brought, ver. 24.
- Pharaoh treats with Moses, and humbles himself, ver. 25 - 29.
- The plague is thereupon removed, ver. 31.
and Pharaoh's heart hardened, ver. 32.
2: All thy borders - All the land that is within thy borders.
3: The River - Nile. Under which are comprehended all other
rivers and waters.
9: Glory over me - That is, I yield to thee.
10: And he said, To - morrow - Why not immediately? Probably he hoped
that this night they would go away of themselves, and then he should get
clear of the plague, without being obliged either to God or Moses.
However, Moses joins issue with him upon it. Be it according to thy
word - It shall be done just when thou wouldst have it done, that thou
mayst know, that whatever the magicians pretend to, there is none
like unto the Lord our God - None has such a command as he has over all
creatures, nor is any so ready to forgive those that humble themselves
before him. The great design both of judgments and mercies, is to convince
us that there is none like the Lord our God; none so wise, so mighty, so
good; no enemy so formidable, no friend so desirable, so valuable.
15: But when Pharaoh saw that there was respite, he hardened his
heart - Observe he did it himself, not God, any otherwise than by not
17: The frogs were produced out of the waters, but the lice out of
the dust of the earth; for out of any part of the creation God can fetch
a scourge wherewith to correct those that rebel against him.
18: And the magicians did so - That is, endeavoured to do so.
19: This is the finger of God - The power of God. The devil's
agents, when God permitted them, could do great things; but when he laid an
embargo upon them, they could do nothing. The magicians inability in this
instance shewed whence they had their ability in the former instances, and
that they had no power against Moses but what was given them from
above. But Pharaoh's heart was hardened - By himself and the devil.
20: Rise up early - Those that would bring great things to pass for
God and their generation must rise early, and redeem time in the
morning. Pharaoh was early up at his superstitious devotions to the
river; and shall we be for more sleep, and more slumber, when any
service is to be done which would pass well in our account in the great day?
21: Flies - Or insects of various kinds; not only flies, but gnats,
wasps, hornets; and those probably more pernicious than the common ones
22: Know that I am the Lord in the midst of the earth - In every part
of it. Swarms of flies, which seem to us to fly at random, shall be
manifestly under the conduct of an intelligent mind. Hither they shall
go, saith Moses, and thither they shall come, and the performance is
punctual according to this appointment; and both compared amount to a
demonstration, that he that said it, and he that did it, was the same, even
a being of infinite power and wisdom.
23: A division - A wall of partition.
24: There came a grievous swarm of flies - The prince of the power
of the air has gloried in being Beel - zebub, the god of flies; but
here it is proved that even in that he is a pretender, and an usurper; for
even with swarms of flies God fights against his kingdom and prevails.
26: The abomination of the Egyptians - That which they abominate to
see killed, because they worshipped them as gods.
27: As he shall command us - For he has not yet told us what
sacrifices to offer.
28: Ye shall not go very far away - Not so far but that he might
fetch them back again. It is likely he suspected that if once they left
Egypt, they would never come back; and therefore when he is forced to
consent that they shall go, yet he is not willing they should go
out of his reach. See how ready God is to accept sinners submissions.
Pharaoh only says, Intreat for me - Moses promises immediately,
I will intreat the Lord for thee; and that he might see what the design
of the plague was, not to bring him to ruin, but to repentance.
32: But Pharaoh hardened his heart at this time also - Still it is
his own act and deed, not God's.