View Exodus 7 in the note window.
In this chapter,
- Moses applies himself to the execution of his commission, ver. 1 - 7.
- The dispute between Moses and Pharaoh begins. Moses in
God's name demands Israel's release, Pharaoh denies it; the
contest is between the power of the great God and the power of a
- Moses confirms the demand he made to Pharaoh by a miracle,
turning his rod into a serpent, but Pharaoh hardens his heart,
ver. 8 - 13.
- He chastiseth his disobedience by a plague, the first of ten,
turning the waters into blood; but Pharaoh hardens his heart
again, ver. 14 - 25.
1: I have made thee a god to Pharaoh - That is, my representative in
this affair, as magistrates are called gods, because they are God's
vicegerents. He was authorized to speak and act in God's name, and endued
with a divine power, to do that which is above the ordinary course of
nature. And Aaron shall be thy prophet - That is, he shall speak from
thee to Pharaoh, as prophets do from God to the children of men. Thou
shalt as a god inflict and remove the plagues, and Aaron as a prophet
shall denounce them.
7: Moses was fourscore years old - Joseph, who was to be only a
servant to Pharaoh, was preferred at thirty years old; but
Moses, who was to be a god to Pharaoh, was not so dignified till
he was eighty years old. It is fit he should long wait for such an honour,
and be long in preparing for such a service.
9: Say unto Aaron, Take thy rod - This Moses ordinarily held in
his hand, and delivered it to Aaron upon occasion, for the execution of
10: And Aaron cast his rod down, and it became a serpent - This was
proper not only to affect Pharaoh with wonder, but to strike a terror
upon him. This first miracle, though it was not a plague, yet amounted to
the threatening of a plague; if it made not Pharaoh feel, it made him
fear; this is God's method of dealing with sinners he comes upon them
11: Moses had been originally instructed in the learning of the
Egyptians, and was suspected to have improved in magical arts in his
long retirement. The magicians are therefore sent for to vie with him.
The two chief of them were Jannes and Jambres. Their rods became
serpents; probably by the power of evil angels artfully substituting
serpents in the room of the rods, God permitting the delusion to be wrought
for wise and holy ends. But the serpent which Aaron's rod was
turned into, swallowed up the others, which was sufficient to have
convinced Pharaoh on which side the right lay.
13: And he harden'd Pharaoh's heart - That is, permitted it to be
20: The waters that were in the river were turned into blood - This
was a plague justly inflicted upon the Egyptians; for Nilus the
river of Egypt was their idol; they and their land had so much benefit
by that creature, that they served and worshipped it more than the
creator. Also they had stained the river with the blood of the Hebrew
children, and now God made that river all bloody; thus he gave them
blood to drink, for they were worthy, (Re 16:6). See the power
of God. Every creature is that to us which he makes it to be, water or
blood. See the mutability of all things under the sun, and what changes we
may meet with in them. That which is water to day may be blood to morrow;
what is always vain may soon become vexatious. And see what
mischievous work sin makes! It is sin that turns our waters into blood.
22: And the magicians did so - By God's permission with their
enchantments; and this served Pharaoh for an excuse not to
set his heart to this also, ((Ex 7:23),) and a poor excuse it was.
Could they have turned the river of blood into water again, it had
been something; then they had proved their power, and Pharaoh had been
obliged to them as his benefactors.
25: Seven days were fulfilled - Before this plague was removed.