View Exodus 6 in the note window.
In this chapter,
- God satisfies Moses as to his complaints, ver. 1.
- He gives him fuller instructions what to say to the children of
Israel, ver. 2 - 8.
but to little purpose, ver. 9.
- He sends him again to Pharaoh, ver. 10, 11.
But Moses objects against that, ver. 12.
upon which a strict charge is given to him and his brother,
to execute their commission with vigour, ver. 13.
- An abstract of the genealogy of the tribes of Reuben and Simeon,
to introduce that of Levi, that the pedigree of Moses and
Aaron might be cleared, ver. 14 - 27
- A repetition of the preceding story, ver. 28 - 30.
1: With a strong hand - That is, being forced to it by a strong hand,
he shall let them go.
2: l am Jehovah - The same with I am that I am, the fountain of
being and blessedness, and infinite perfection. The patriarchs knew
this name, but they did not know him in this matter by that which this name
signifies. God would now be known by his name Jehovah, that is,
- A God performing what he had promised, and so giving being to his
- A God perfecting what he had begun, and finishing his own work.
In the history of the creation God is never called Jehovah, till the
heavens and the earth were finished, (Ge 2:4).
When the salvation of the saints is compleated in eternal life, then he will
be known by his name Jehovah, (Re 22:13), in the mean time they
shall find him for their strength and support, El - shaddai, a God
All - sufficient, a God that is enough.
5: I have heard the groaning of the children of Israel - He means
their groaning on occasion of the late hardships put upon them. God takes
notice of the increase of his people's calamities, and observes how their
enemies grow upon them.
6: I will bring you out: I will rid you: I will redeem you: I will
bring you into the land of Canaan; and, I will give it you - Let man
take the shame of his unbelief which needs such repetitions, and let God
have the glory of his condescending grace which gives us such repeated
assurances. With a stretched out arm - With almighty power: A metaphor
taken from a man that stretches out his arm, to put forth all his strength.
7: I will take you to me for a people - A peculiar people, and I
will be to you a God - And more than this we need not ask, we cannot
have, to make us happy.
8: I am the Lord - And therefore have power to dispose of lands and
kingdoms as I please.
9: But they hearkened not to Moses for anguish of spirit - That is,
They were so taken up with their troubles that they did not heed him.
11: That he let the children of Israel go - God repeats his precepts,
before he begins his punishments. Those that have oft been called in vain
to leave their sins, yet must be called again, and again.
12: Behold, the children of Israel have not hearkened to me; they
gave no heed to what I have said, how then shall Pharaoh hear me? - If the
anguish of their spirit makes them deaf to that which would compose and
comfort them, much more will his pride and insolence, make him deaf to that
which will but exasperate him. Who am of uncircumcised lips - He was
conscious to himself that he had not the gift of utterance.
13: The Lord gave them a charge, both to the children of Israel,
and to Pharaoh - God's authority is sufficient to answer all objections,
and binds us to obedience without murmuring or disputing.
14: This genealogy ends in those two great patriots, Moses and
Aaron; and comes in here to shew that they were Israelites, bone of
their bone, and flesh of their flesh, whom they were sent to
deliver, raised up unto them of their brethren, as Christ also should
be, who was to be the prophet and priest, the Redeemer and law - giver of the
house of Israel, and whose genealogy also like this was to be
carefully preserved. The heads of the houses of three of the tribes are
here named, agreeing with the accounts we had, (Ge 46:8-27).
Reuben and Simeon seem to be mentioned only for the sake of
Levi, from whom Moses and Aaron descended, and all the priests
of the Jewish church.
16: The age of Levi, Kohath, and Amram, the father,
grandfather, and great grandfather of Moses is here recorded; and they
all lived to a great age, Levi to one hundred thirty seven, Kohath
to one hundred thirty three, and Amram to one hundred thirty seven:
Moses himself came much short of them, and fixed seventy or eighty for
the ordinary stretch of human life. (Ps 90:10).
For now Israel was multiplied, and become a great nation, and divine
revelation was by the hand of Moses committed to writing, and no longer
trusted to tradition; the two great reasons for the long lives of the
patriarchs were ceased, and therefore from henceforward fewer years must
20: His father's sister - That is, kins - woman. So the Hebrew word is
23: Aminadab - A prince of the tribe of Judah. The Levites
might marry into any tribe, there being no danger of confusion or loss of
26: According to their armies - Like numerous armies, in military
order, and with great power. In the close of the chapter, he returns to his
narrative, from which he had broken off somewhat abruptly ver.(13), and
repeats, the charge God had given him to deliver his message to Pharaoh,
29: Speak all that I say unto thee - As a faithful ambassador.
Those that go on God's errand must not shun to declare the whole counsel