Pharaoh had bid Moses get out of his presence, chap. x. 28.
and Moses had promised this should be the last time he would
trouble him, yet he refuses to say out what he had to say, before he
left him. Accordingly we have in this chapter,
The instructions God had given to Moses, which he was now to
pursue, ver. 1, 2.
together with the interest Israel and Moses had in the esteem
of the Egyptians, ver. 3.
The last message Moses delivered to Pharaoh, concerning the
death of the first - born, ver. 4 - 8.
A repetition of the prediction of Pharaoh's hardening his
heart, ver. 9.
and the event answering it, ver. 10.
2: Let every man ask (not borrow!) of his neighbour jewels - This
was the last day of their servitude, when they were to go away, and their
masters, who had abused them in their work, would now have defrauded them of
their wages, and have sent them away empty, and the poor Israelites were
so fond of liberty that they themselves would be satisfied with that,
without pay: but he that executeth righteousness and judgment for the
oppressed, provided that the labourers should not lose their hire. God
ordered them to demand it now at their departure, in jewels of silver,
and jewels of gold; to prepare for which, God had now made the
Egyptians as willing to part with them upon any terms, as before the
Egyptians had made them willing to go upon any terms.
5: The death of the first - born had been threatened, (Ex 4:23),
but is last executed, and less judgments tried, which, if they had done the
work, would have prevented this. See how slow God is to wrath, and how
willing to be met in the way of his judgments, and to have his anger turned
away! That sitteth upon his throne - That is to set.
The maid - servant behind the mill - The poor captive slave, employed in the
8: All these thy servants - Thy courtiers and great officers: The
people that follow thee - That are under thy conduct: and command. When
Moses had thus delivered his message, he went out from Pharaoh in
great anger, though he was the meekest of all the men of the earth.
Probably he expected that the very threatening of the death of the
first - born should have wrought upon Pharaoh to comply; especially he
having complied so far already, and having seen how exactly all Moses's
predictions were fulfilled. But it had not that effect; his proud heart
would not yield, no not to save all the first - born of his kingdom.
Moses hereupon was provoked to a holy indignation, being grieved, as
our Saviour afterwards, for the hardness of his heart, (Mk 3:5).