Daniel's prayer for the restoration of Israel, ver. 1 - 23.
The answer sent him by an angel, ver. 24 - 27.
This is the clearest prophecy of the Messiah in all the Old Testament.
1: In the first year of Darius - That is, immediately after the
overthrow of the kingdom of Babylon, which was the year of the Jews
deliverance from captivity. Of the Medes - This Darius was not
Darius the Persian, under whom the temple was built, as some
have asserted, to invalidate the credibility of this book; but
Darius the Mede, who lived in the time of Daniel.
12: Judged us - Whose duty it was to govern the people, and to judge
their causes; wherein if there was a failure, it was a sin, and judgment
upon the people, and upon the rulers and judges themselves also.
Upon Jerusalem - A place privileged many ways above all others, and
punished above all others.
14: The Lord watched - God's watching denotes the fit ways that he
always takes to punish sinners.
17: For the Lord's sake - For the sake of the Messiah: to whom the
title Lord is frequently given in the Old Testament.
21: About the time - The time of the evening sacrifice was a solemn
and set time of devotion. Tho' the altar was in ruins, and there was no
oblation offered upon it, yet the pious Jews were daily thoughtful of
the time when it should have been offered, and hoped that their prayer
would be set forth before God as incense, and the lifting up of their
hands, as the evening sacrifice. This was peculiarly a type of that
great sacrifice, which Christ was to offer: and it was in virtue of
that sacrifice, that Daniel's prayer was accepted, when he prayed
for the Lord's sake.
24: Seventy weeks - These weeks are weeks of days, and these days are
so many years. To finish the transgression - The angel discovers first
the disease in three several words, which contain all sorts of sin,
which the Messiah should free us from by his full redemption.
He shews the cure of this disease in three words.
To finish transgression.
To make an end of sin.
To make reconciliation:
all which words are very expressive in the original, and signify to
pardon, to blot out, to destroy.
To bring in everlasting righteousness - To bring in justification by the
free grace of God in Christ, and sanctification by his spirit: called
everlasting, because Christ is eternal, and so are the acceptance and
holiness purchased for us. Christ brings this in,
By his merit.
By his gospel declaring it.
By faith applying, and sealing it by the Holy Ghost.
To seal up - To abrogate the former dispensation of the law, and to
ratify the gospel covenant. To anoint - This alludes to his name
Messiah and Christ, both which signify anointed.
Christ was anointed at his first conception, and personal union,(Lu 1:35).
In his baptism, (Mt 3:17),
to his three offices by the holy Ghost,
25: From the going forth - From the publication of the edict, whether
of Cyrus or Darius, to restore and to build it.
26: And after - After the seven and the sixty two that followed them.
Not for himself - But for our sakes, and for our salvation.
And the people - The Romans under the conduct of Titus.
Determined - God hath decreed to destroy that place and people, by the
miseries and desolations of war.
27: He shall confirm - Christ confirmed the new covenant,
By the testimony of angels, of John baptist, of the wise
men, of the saints then living, of Moses and Elias.
By his preaching.
By signs and wonders.
By his holy life.
By his resurrection and ascension.
By his death and blood shedding.
Shall cause the sacrifice to cease - All the Jewish rites, and
Levitical worship. By his death he abrogated, and put an end to this
laborious service, for ever. And that determined - That spirit of slumber,
which God has determined to pour on the desolate nation, 'till the time
draws near, when all Israel shall be saved.