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2: The things - The wholesome doctrine,(2Ti 1:13).
Commit - Before thou leavest Ephesus. To faithful men, who
will be able, after thou art gone, to teach others.
4: No man that warreth entangleth himself - Any more than
is unavoidable. In the affairs of this life - With worldly
business or cares. That - Minding war only, he may please his
captain. In this and the next verse there is a plain allusion
to the Roman law of arms, and to that of the Grecian games.
According to the former, no soldier was to engage in any civil
employment; according to the latter, none could be crowned as
conqueror, who did not keep strictly to the rules of the game.
6: Unless he labour first, he will reap no fruit.
8: Of the seed of David - This one genealogy attend to.
9: Is not bound - Not hindered in its course.
10: Therefore - Encouraged by this, that "the word of God
be not bound." I endure all things - See the spirit of a real
Christian? Who would not wish to be likeminded? Salvation is
deliverance from all evil; glory, the enjoyment of all good.
11: Dead with him - Dead to sin, and ready to die for him.
12: If we deny him - To escape suffering for him.
13: If we believe not - That is, though some believe not,
God will make good all his promises to them that do believe.
He cannot deny himself - His word cannot fail.
14: Remind them - Who are under thy charge. O how many
unnecessary things are thus unprofitably, nay hurtfully,
15: A workman that needeth not to be ashamed - Either of
unfaithfulness or unskilfulness. Rightly dividing the word
of truth - Duly explaining and applying the whole scripture,
so as to give each hearer his due portion. But they that
give one part of the gospel to all (the promises and comforts
to unawakened, hardened, scoffing men) have real need to be
16: They - Who babble thus will grow worse and worse.
17: And their word - If they go on, will be mischievous as
well as vain, and will eat as a gangrene.
18: Saying the resurrection is already past - Perhaps
asserting that it is only the spiritual passing from death unto
19: But the foundation of God - His truth and faithfulness.
Standeth fast - Can never be overthrown; being as it were sealed
with a seal, which has an inscription on each side: on the one,
The Lord knoweth those that are his; on the other, Let every
one who nameth the name of the Lord, as his Lord, depart from
iniquity. Indeed, they only are his who depart from iniquity.
To all others he will say, "I know you not." (Mt 7:22,23).
20: But in a great house - Such as the church, it is not
strange that there are not only vessels of gold and silver,
designed for honourable uses, but also of wood and of earth
- For less honourable purposes. Yet a vessel even of gold may
be put to the vilest use, though it was not the design of him
that made it.
21: If a man purge himself from these - Vessels of
dishonour, so as to have no fellowship with them.
22: Flee youthful desires - Those peculiarly incident to
youth. Follow peace with them - Unity with all true believers.
Out of a pure heart - Youthful desires, destroy this purity:
righteousness, faith, love, peace, accompany it.
24: A servant of the Lord must not - Eagerly or
passionately. Strive - As do the vain wranglers spoken of,
verse 23. But be apt to teach - Chiefly by patience and
25: In meekness - He has often need of zeal, always of
meekness. If haply God - For it is wholly his work. May give
them repentance - The acknowledging of the truth would then
26: Who - At present are not only captives, but asleep;
utterly insensible of their captivity.